Birmingham King's Norton (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham King's Norton
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
19181955
Number of members One
Replaced by Birmingham Selly Oak and Birmingham Northfield

Birmingham King's Norton was a constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1918 to 1955. It elected one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first-past-the-post system of election.

Boundaries[edit]

The Representation of the People Act 1918 provided that the constituency was to consist of the "Northfield and Selly Oak Wards and the part of King's Norton Ward which is not included in the Moseley Division" in the County Borough of Birmingham.[1]

The Representation of the People Act 1948 provided that the constituency was to consist of the "King's Norton and Moseley and King's Heath wards of the County Borough of Birmingham". Moseley and King's Heath wards had previously been part of the Birmingham Moseley and Birmingham Sparkbrook constituencies, as had the part of King's Norton ward which lay to the north of Bells Lane and to the east and south-east of the middle of Monyhull Hall Road and Brandwood Road. Northfield and Selly Oak wards became the constituency of Birmingham Northfield.[2]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[3] Party Notes
1918 Sir Herbert Austin Coalition Conservative[4] later Baron Austin
1922 Conservative
1924 Robert Dennison Labour
1929 Lionel Beaumont Thomas Conservative
1935 John Ronald Hamilton Cartland Conservative
1941 by-election Basil Arthur John Peto Conservative
1945 Raymond Blackburn Labour
1950 Geoffrey William Lloyd Conservative later Baron Geoffrey-Lloyd
1955 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Birmingham Kings Norton[5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist 8,809 54.5 n/a
Co-operative Party Thomas Hackett 4,917 30.4 n/a
Liberal William Norman Birkett 2,435 15.1 n/a
Majority 3,892 24.1 n/a
Turnout 16,161 n/a
Unionist win
  • endorsed by Coalition Government

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Birmingham Kings Norton[6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Herbert Austin 8,870 41.5 -13.0
Labour Co-op Eleanor Barton 7,017 32.8 +2.4
Liberal Walter Meakin 5,474 25.6 +10.5
Majority 1,853 8.7 -15.4
Turnout 21,361
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1923: Birmingham Kings Norton[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Sir Herbert Austin 9,545 43.4 +1.8
Labour Co-op Eleanor Barton 6,743 30.7 -2.1
Liberal Elizabeth Mary Cadbury 5,686 25.9 +0.3
Majority 2,802 12.7 +3.9
Turnout 21,974 74.1 +0.1
Unionist hold Swing +2.0
General Election 1924: Birmingham Kings Norton[8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Robert Dennison 10,497 43.3 +12.6
Unionist Sir Herbert Austin 10,364 42.8 -0.6
Liberal John Fryer 3,370 13.9 -12.0
Majority 133 0.5 N/A
Turnout 24,231
Unionist gain from Liberal Swing
General Election 1929: Birmingham Kings Norton[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Lionel Beaumont-Thomas 14,464 42.0 -0.8
Labour Robert Dennison 13,973 40.6 -2.7
Liberal Archibald Pellow Marshall 5,998 17.4 +3.5
Majority 491 1.4 1.9
Turnout 82.8 -2.1
Unionist gain from Labour Swing +1.0

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Birmingham Kings Norton[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Lionel Beaumont-Thomas 22,063 57.5 +15.5
Labour Gilbert Richard Mitchison 11,016 28.7 -11.9
Liberal Archibald Pellow Marshall 5,294 13.8 -3.6
Majority 11,047 28.8 +27.4
Turnout 81.0 -1.8
Conservative hold Swing +13.7
General Election 1935: Birmingham Kings Norton[11]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative John Ronald Hamilton Cartland 24,559 56.8
Labour Gilbert Richard Mitchison 18,684 43.2
Majority 5,875 13.6
Turnout 74.6
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

Birmingham King's Norton by-election, 1941[12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Basil Arthur John Peto 21,573 86.9 +30.1
Independent A. W. L. Smith 1,696 6.8 N/A
Pacifist Stuart Morris 1,552 6.3 N/A
Majority 19,877 80.1 +66.5
Turnout 35.0 -39.6
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General Election 1945: Birmingham Kings Norton[13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Raymond Blackburn 32,062 55.2
Conservative Basil Arthur John Peto 19,764 34.0
Liberal Bertram Samuel White 6,289 10.8
Majority 12,298 21.2
Turnout 74.0
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Birmingham King's Norton [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey William Lloyd 27,308 50.61
Labour Albert Frederick Bradbeer 21,715 40.24
Liberal Michael Edwin Beesley 4,940 9.15
Majority 5,593 10.36
Turnout 84.26
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1951: Birmingham King's Norton [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Geoffrey William Lloyd 30,456 57.70
Labour Denis Herbert Howell 22,325 42.30
Majority 8,131 15.41
Turnout 81.63
Conservative hold Swing

References[edit]

  1. ^ Representation of the People Act 1918, Schedule 9
  2. ^ Representation of the People Act 1948, Schedule 1
  3. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "K" (part 2)[self-published source][better source needed]
  4. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 86. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  5. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  7. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  8. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  9. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  12. ^ F. W. S. Craig, British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, p.86
  13. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  14. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig
  15. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1950-1973, FWS Craig