Birmingham Ladywood (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham, Ladywood
Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
Outline map
Boundary of Birmingham, Ladywood in Birmingham.
Outline map
Location of Birmingham within England.
County West Midlands
Electorate 74,008 (December 2010)[1]
Current constituency
Created 1918
Member of Parliament Shabana Mahmood (Labour)
Number of members One
Overlaps
European Parliament constituency West Midlands

Birmingham, Ladywood is a constituency[n 1] of part of the city of Birmingham represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2010 by Shabana Mahmood of the Labour Party.[n 2]

Constituency profile[edit]

In the recession of 2008–09, it was the first place in Britain where the claimant count rate of unemployment surpassed 10%, breaching that level in January 2009. Birmingham Ladywood is an area of Birmingham city centre along with the areas of Aston, Newtown, Lozells, Handsworth, Soho & Nechells. The area is one of the most multicultural in Birmingham and Britain. Ladywood has the highest unemployment rate in whole of the West Midlands, at just over 18% in July 2008 (by the international standardised measure, which is usually higher than the claimant count), compared with neighbouring Birmingham seats Perry Barr (8.1%), Sparkbrook and Small Heath (13.9%), and Yardley (7%).[2][3]

The average house price in Ladywood is just under £155,000 making it much lower than the national average of just over £288,000.[4]

Boundaries[edit]

The constituency includes the entirety of Birmingham City Centre (Ladywood ward), as well as the highest deprivation city wards of Aston, Nechells and Soho, based on the indices of Multiple Deprivation. Aston University is in the seat, as are Birmingham's two league football clubs, Aston Villa and Birmingham City.

Boundary review[edit]

Following their review of parliamentary representation in Birmingham and the West Midlands, the Boundary Commission for England has created a modified Ladywood constituency with the following electoral wards:

  • Aston, Ladywood, Nechells and Soho.

History[edit]

The constituency has undergone several boundary changes since its creation in 1918 but has remained a safe Labour seat since the Second World War, with the exception of a by-election in 1969 when Wallace Lawler won the seat for the Liberal Party. The seat was regained for Labour by Doris Fisher at the 1970 general election.

The constituency's first MP was the future Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain, who transferred to the Edgbaston seat in 1929. Its current MP is Shabana Mahmood, one of the country's first three female Muslim MPs.[5]

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member[6] Party
1918 Neville Chamberlain Conservative/Unionist
1929 Wilfrid Whiteley Labour
1931 Geoffrey Lloyd Conservative/Unionist
1945 Victor Yates Labour
1969 by-election Wallace Lawler Liberal
1970 Doris Fisher Labour
Feb 1974 Brian Walden Labour
1977 by-election John Sever Labour
1983 Clare Short Labour
2006 Independent Labour
2010 Shabana Mahmood Labour

Clare Short elected as a Labour MP from the 1983 general election onwards resigned the Labour whip on 20 October 2006 and wished it to be known that she would continue to sit in the Commons as an Independent Labour MP and a true "Social Democrat".

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 2010s[edit]

General Election 2010: Birmingham Ladywood[7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Shabana Mahmood 19,950 55.7 +3.0
Liberal Democrat Ayoub Khan 9,845 27.5 −1.9
Conservative Nusrat M. Ghani 4,277 11.9 +3.5
UKIP Christopher Booth 902 2.5 −3.0
Green Peter C. Beck 859 2.4 +2.1
Majority 10,105 28.2
Turnout 35,833 48.7 +3.5
Labour hold Swing +2.5

Elections in the 2000s[edit]

General Election 2005: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clare Short 17,262 51.9 −17.0
Liberal Democrat Ayoub Khan 10,461 31.5 +23.3
Conservative Philippa Stroud 3,515 10.6 −0.7
UKIP Mrs. Lyn Nazemi-Afshar 2,008 6.0 +5.1
Majority 6,801 20.5
Turnout 33,246 46.8 +2.5
Labour hold Swing −20.1
General Election 2001: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clare Short 21,694 68.9 −5.2
Conservative Benjamin H. Prentice 3,551 11.3 −2.0
Liberal Democrat S. Mahmood Chaudhry 2,586 8.2 +0.3
People's Justice Allah Ditta 2,112 6.7 N/A
Socialist Labour Surinder P. Virdee 443 1.4 N/A
Muslim Party Mahmood Hussain 432 1.4 N/A
ProLife Alliance James Caffery 392 1.2 N/A
UKIP Dr. Anneliese Nattrass 283 0.9 N/A
Majority 18,143 57.6
Turnout 31,493 44.3 −9.9
Labour hold Swing −1.6

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1997: Birmingham Ladywood[9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clare Short 28,134 74.1 +2.7
Conservative Shailesh Vara 5,052 13.3 −7.1
Liberal Democrat Sardul Singh Marwa 3,020 8.0 −0.2
Referendum Party Mrs. Ruth A. Gurney 1,086 2.9 N/A
National Democrats Andrew Carmichael 685 1.8 N/A
Majority 23,082 60.8 0.9
Turnout 37,977 54.2 −11.7
Labour hold Swing +4.9
General Election 1992: Birmingham Ladywood[10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clare Short 24,887 66.3 +8.6
Conservative Mrs Barbara S. Ashford 9,604 25.6 −5.8
Liberal Democrat Brian L. Worth 3,068 8.2 −1.1
Majority 15,283 40.7 0.9
Turnout 37,559 65.9
Labour hold Swing +7.1

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1987: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clare Short 21,971 57.7 +6.7
Conservative S.T. Lee 11,943 31.3 +4.3
Social Democrat G.S. Sangha 3,532 9.3 −11.2
Green Mrs. J.H.M. Millington 650 1.7 N/A
Majority 10,028 26.3
Turnout 38,096 64.8
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1983: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Clare Short 19,278 51.0 −3.1
Conservative Mrs. P. Le Hunte 10,248 27.1 −10.6
Liberal Kenneth George Hardeman 7,758 20.5 +12.5
Stop Deportation of Black People Baba Bakhtaura 355 0.9 N/A
Workers Revolutionary R.W. Atkinson 198 0.5 N/A
Majority 9,030 23.9
Turnout 37,837 62.6
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1979: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Sever 13,450 63.5 −1.0
Conservative A. Newhouse 5,691 26.9 +4.8
Liberal Kenneth George Hardeman 2,030 9.6 −3.8
Majority 7,759 36.7
Turnout 21,071 62.3 +5.4
Labour hold Swing −2.9
Birmingham Ladywood by-election, 1977
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour John Sever 8,227 53.1 −11.3
Conservative Quentin Davies 4,402 28.4 +6.3
National Front Anthony Reed Herbert 888 5.7 N/A
Liberal Kenneth George Hardeman 765 4.9 −8.5
Socialist Unity Raghib Ahsan 534 3.5 N/A
Independent James Hunte 336 2.2 N/A
Independent Conservative George Matthews 71 0.5 N/A
Reform Party Peter Courtney 63 0.4 N/A
Air Road Public Safety Bill Boaks 46 0.3 N/A
Majority 3,825 24.7
Turnout 15,484
Labour hold Swing
General Election October 1974: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian Walden 14,818 64.5 +5.9
Conservative Richard Lawn 5,079 22.1 −1.8
Liberal Kenneth George Hardeman 3,086 13.4 −1.2
Majority 9,739 42.4
Turnout 22,983 56.9 −7.3
Labour hold Swing
General Election February 1974: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Brian Walden 15,126 58.6 +15.2
Conservative Richard Lawn 6,164 23.9 +2.3
Liberal Kenneth George Hardeman 3,753 14.6 −20.4
National Front John Alexander Alfred Davis 751 2.9 N/A
Majority 8,962 34.7
Turnout 25,794 64.2 +2.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1970: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Doris Fisher 5,067 43.4 −15.5
Liberal Wallace Lawler 4,087 35.0 +11.3
Conservative C.L. Wade 2,523 21.6 +4.2
Majority 980 8.4
Turnout 11,677 62.2 +2.5
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

Birmingham Ladywood by-election, 1969
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Liberal Wallace Lawler 5,104 54.4 +30.6
Labour Doris Fisher 2,391 25.5 −33.5
Conservative Dr. Louis Glass 1,580 16.8 −0.5
British Movement Colin Jordan 282 3.0 N/A
Fellowship James Haigh 34 0.4 N/A
Majority 2,713 28.9
Turnout 9,391
Liberal gain from Labour Swing
General Election 1966: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 8,895 58.9 −4.3
Liberal Wallace Lawler 3,580 23.7 N/A
Conservative T.G. John 2,621 17.4 −19.4
Majority 5,315 35.2
Turnout 15,096 59.7 +6.0
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1964: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 10,098 63.2 −0.5
Conservative T.G. John 5,879 36.8 +0.5
Majority 4,219 26.4
Turnout 15,977 53.7 −5.4
Labour hold Swing −0.5

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1959: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 14,717 63.7 −2.0
Conservative T.G. John 8,393 36.3 +2.0
Majority 6,324 27.4
Turnout 23,110 59.1 −0.9
Labour hold Swing −2.0
General Election 1955: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 18,476 65.7 +6.1
Conservative P.W. Hodges 9,665 34.3 −6.1
Majority 8,811 31.3
Turnout 28,141 60.0 −17.4
Labour hold Swing +6.1
General Election 1951: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 24,088 59.6 −1.8
Conservative L. Seymour 16,331 40.4 +1.8
Majority 7,757 19.2
Turnout 40,419 77.4 −3.0
Labour hold Swing −1.8
General Election 1950: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 25,603 61.4 +5.5
Conservative Frederic Bennett 16,071 38.6 −5.5
Majority 9,532 22.8
Turnout 41,674 80.4 +10.3
Labour hold Swing +5.5

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Labour Victor Yates 13,503 55.9 +27.6
Unionist Geoffrey Lloyd 10,657 44.1 −27.7
Majority 2,846 11.8
Turnout 24,160 70.1 +4.1
Labour gain from Unionist Swing +27.7

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1935: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Geoffrey Lloyd 18,565 71.8 +0.0
Labour H. Humphreys 7,311 28.3 +0.0
Majority 11,254 43.5
Turnout 25,876 66.0 −12.1
Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1931: Birmingham Ladywood
Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist Geoffrey Lloyd 23,057 71.8
Labour Wilfrid Whiteley 9,057 28.2
Majority 14,000 43.6
Turnout 32,114 78.1
Unionist gain from Labour Swing
Margery Corbett Ashby
General Election 1918: Birmingham Ladywood[11]

Electorate 33,330

Party Candidate Votes % ±%
Unionist 9,405 69.5
Labour John W Kneeshaw 2,572 19.0
Liberal Margery Irene Corbett Ashby 1,552 11.5
Majority 6,833 50.5
Turnout 40.6
Unionist hold Swing

See also[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ A borough constituency (for the purposes of election expenses and type of returning officer)
  2. ^ As with all constituencies, the constituency elects one Member of Parliament (MP) by the first past the post system of election at least every five years.
References
  1. ^ "Electorate Figures – Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Retrieved 13 March 2011. 
  2. ^ Residence-based unemployment rates by parliamentary constituency United Kingdom, June 2008 House of Commons research paper
  3. ^ BBC News
    Upmystreet,com
    Upmystreet.zoopla.co.uk
  4. ^ "Unemployment in graphics". Recession tracker (BBC News). 18 March 2009. Retrieved 24 March 2009. 
  5. ^ Adetunji, Jo; Tran, Mark (7 May 2010). "General election 2010: first female Muslim MPs elected". The Guardian (London). Retrieved 7 May 2010. 
  6. ^ Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "L" (part 1)[self-published source][better source needed]
  7. ^ Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll 2010
  8. ^ "BBC NEWS – Election 2010 – Birmingham Ladywood". BBC News. 
  9. ^ "UK General Election results May 1997". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 1 May 1992. Retrieved 12 May 2012. 
  10. ^ "UK General Election results April 1992". Richard Kimber's Political Science Resources. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 December 2010. 
  11. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig

External links[edit]

Parliament of the United Kingdom
Preceded by
Bewdley
Constituency represented by the Chancellor of the Exchequer
1923–1924
Succeeded by
Colne Valley

Coordinates: 52°29′N 1°52′W / 52.49°N 1.87°W / 52.49; -1.87