Birmingham North (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham North
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members One
Replaced by Birmingham Ladywood
Created from Birmingham

Birmingham North was a parliamentary constituency in the city of Birmingham, England. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

The constituency was created in upon the abolition of the Birmingham constituency in 1885, and was itself abolished for the 1918 general election.

Boundaries[edit]

Before 1885 the city of Birmingham, in the county of Warwickshire, had been a three-member constituency (for further details, see Birmingham constituency). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham North. It consisted of the wards of St George's, St Mary's, and St Stephen's.

This division was compact and almost square shaped. It was bounded to the west by Birmingham West, to the north by Handsworth and Aston Manor, to the east by Birmingham East and to the south by Birmingham Central.

In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve new Birmingham divisions. The North division was abolished.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 William Kenrick Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1899 John Middlemore Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Matthews
General Election 1885: Birmingham North [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal William Kenrick 4,179 54.0 N/A
Conservative Henry Matthews 3,561 46.0 N/A
Majority 618 8.0 N/A
Turnout 7,740 82.1 N/A
Registered electors 9,427
Liberal win (new seat)
Kenrick
General Election 1886: Birmingham North [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Kenrick Unopposed
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Birmingham North [1][2][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Kenrick 4,814 69.7 N/A
Lib-Lab Eli Bloor 2,089 30.3 N/A
Majority 2,725 39.4 N/A
Turnout 6,903 71.8 N/A
Registered electors 9,615
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A
General Election 1895: Birmingham North [1][2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist William Kenrick 4,547 78.9 +9.2
Liberal William James Lancaster 1,213 21.1 -9.2
Majority 3,334 57.8 +18.4
Turnout 5,760 59.1 -12.7
Registered electors 9,753
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +9.2
Birmingham North by-election, 1899[1][2][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Middlemore Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Birmingham North [1][2][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Middlemore Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold
General Election 1906: Birmingham North [1][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Middlemore 5,172 80.2 N/A
Liberal Joseph Hood 1,275 19.8 N/A
Majority 3,897 60.4 N/A
Turnout 6,447 71.8 N/A
Registered electors 8,981
Liberal Unionist hold Swing N/A

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Birmingham North [1][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Middlemore 5,189 84.0 +3.8
Liberal Joseph Dawson 988 16.0 -3.8
Majority 4,201 68.0
Turnout 73.1 +1.3
Liberal Unionist hold Swing +3.8
General Election December 1910: Birmingham North [1][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist John Middlemore Unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ a b c d e f g The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1896
  5. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  6. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  7. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  8. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916