Birmingham Northfield (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Population||101,422 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||72,190 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Longbridge, Northfield|
|Member of Parliament||Gary Sambrook (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||Birmingham King's Norton|
Birmingham Northfield is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament since 2019 by Gary Sambrook, a Conservative.[n 2] It represents the southernmost part of the city of Birmingham.
Members of Parliament
Among the area's largest features is the Longbridge Town shopping area built on the site of the now demolished MG Rover Group factory which for decades had been a major employer in the constituency but which was closed down in the run up to the 2005 general election, two hospitals, Northfield Shopping Centre and the now also closed North Worcestershire Golf Course. Despite the closure of the Longbridge Motor works the Labour MP at the time, Richard Burden was returned in the subsequent general election with his majority reduced by 5.6%. He was re-elected with his majority further reduced by 14.1% in 2010. In 2015, Burden was re-elected with a majority of 2,509 votes and a vote share of 41.6%, which made Northfield the most marginal seat in Birmingham. Two years later at the 2017 snap election, Burden increased his majority to 4,667 votes and his vote share to 53.2% on an overall turnout of 44,348 voters.
At the 2019 general election, the seat was won by the Conservative candidate Gary Sambrook with a majority of 1,640 votes. The Conservatives therefore held the Birmingham Northfield seat for the first time in 27 years.
1950–1955: The County Borough of Birmingham Wards of Northfield, Selly Oak, and Weoley.
1955–1974: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of King's Norton, Northfield, and Weoley.
1974–1983: As above less King's Norton, plus Longbridge
1983–1997: The City of Birmingham wards of Bartley Green, Longbridge, Northfield, and Weoley.
1997–2010: As above less Bartley Green
2010–present: As above plus King's Norton
Following the review of parliamentary representation in Birmingham and the West Midlands, the Boundary Commission for England created a modified Northfield seat which gained the ward of Kings Norton (previously in the Selly Oak constituency).
- Summary of results
The 2015 result gave the seat the 26th-smallest majority of Labour's 232 seats by percentage of majority.
From its creation in 1950 until 2019, Labour Party MPs were elected and served the seat, with the exception of the period from 1979–92, which was whilst the Conservative Party were in government, with a one-year gap caused by a Labour win at a 1982 by-election. From 1979-82, the MP was Jocelyn Cadbury, a member of the influential and large Cadbury family.
- Opposition parties
The Conservative candidate for 2015, MacLean, came within 5.9% of winning the seat. UKIP's swing nationally was +9.5% in 2015; here it was 13.5%, enabling a third place, having been fifth-placed in the previous election. The other two candidates, standing for parties other than Labour on the left, narrowly forfeited their deposits.
Turnout has ranged between 84.7% in 1950 and 52.8% in 2001 (which was below the percentage of the 1982 by-election).
Elections in the 2010s
|Liberal Democrats||Jamie Scott||1,961||4.6||2.4|
|Brexit Party||Keith Rowe||1,655||3.8||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||7.2|
|Liberal Democrats||Roger Harmer||959||2.2||1.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Steve Haynes||1,349||3.2||12.5|
Going into the 2015 general election, this was the 121st most marginal constituency in Great Britain, the Conservatives requiring a swing from Labour of 3.3% to take the seat (based on the result of the 2010 general election).
|Liberal Democrats||Mike Dixon||6,550||15.7||3.3|
|Common Good||Dick Rodgers||305||0.7||0.4|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Trevor Sword||4,171||13.4||2.2|
|Common Good||Richard Rogers||428||1.4||New|
|Socialist Alternative||Louise Houdley||120||0.4||New|
|Workers Revolutionary||Frank Sweeney||34||0.1||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Trevor Sword||3,322||11.2||0.8|
|Socialist Alliance||Clive Walder||193||0.7||New|
|Socialist Labour||Zane Carpenter||151||0.5||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Conservative||Alan C. Blumenthal||10,873||28.0||14.4|
|Liberal Democrats||Micheal R. Ashell||4,078||10.5||0.4|
|BNP||Keith A. Axon||337||0.9||New|
|Liberal Democrats||David L. Cropp||5,431||10.1||5.5|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||3.5|
Elections in the 1980s
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||5.1|
|National Front||Ian Anderson||411||0.9||0.2|
|People's Progressive Party||Ronald Taylor||63||0.2||New|
|Democratic Monarchist, Public Safety, White Resident||Bill Boaks||60||0.1||New|
|Labour gain from Conservative||Swing||0.5|
Elections in the 1970s
|National Front||R.A. Newman||614||1.1||New|
|Workers Revolutionary||J.E. Beale||144||0.3||New|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||10.2|
|PEOPLE||Elizabeth A. Davenport||359||0.7||New|
|Conservative||David W. Bell||32,148||48.6||8.9|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Christopher Cromwell Chalker||24,899||39.7||0.7|
|Conservative||Herbert Banner Adkins||25,063||40.4||8.8|
Elections in the 1950s
|Liberal||Evan Laurence Frederick Richards||3,280||6.5|
|Communist||Richard Albert Etheridge||479||1.0|
|Labour win (new seat)|
Notes and references
- "Birmingham, Northfield: Usual Resident Population, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 30 January 2015.
- "Electorate Figures - Boundary Commission for England". 2011 Electorate Figures. Boundary Commission for England. 4 March 2011. Archived from the original on 6 November 2010. Retrieved 13 March 2011.
- Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs – Constituencies beginning with "N" (part 3)
- "OS Maps - online and App mapping system | Ordnance Survey Shop". www.ordnancesurvey.co.uk.
- Craig, F.W.S., ed. (1972). Boundaries of parliamentary constituencies 1985-1972. Chichester, Sussex: Political Reference Publications. ISBN 0-900178-09-4.
- http://www.boundarycommissionforengland.org.uk/review_areas/West_Midlands_Boroughs/images/Birmingham_OM_RR.gif[permanent dead link]
- List of Labour MPs elected in 2015 by % majority UK Political.info. Retrieved 2017-01-29
- "Birmingham Northfield Parliamentary constituency". BBC News. BBC. Retrieved 1 December 2019.
- "Parliamentary General Election Results December 2019". Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 14 December 2019.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and notice of poll". Birmingham City Council. Retrieved 11 May 2017.
- "Election Data 2015". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 17 October 2015. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2 April 2015. Retrieved 27 March 2015.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
- Ransome Mpini; Charlotte Thornton; John Walton; Marcelo Zanni (24 February 2014). "Election 2015: The political battleground". BBC News. Retrieved 29 January 2015.
- "Election Data 2010". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 26 July 2013. Retrieved 17 October 2015.
- "Statement of Persons Nominated and Notice of Poll 2010" (PDF).
- "Election Data 2005". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 2001". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1997". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Archived from the original on 24 July 2011. Retrieved 6 December 2010.
- "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.
- "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 18 October 2015.