Birmingham South (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham South
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851918
Number of members One
Created from Birmingham

Birmingham South was a parliamentary constituency in Birmingham which returned one Member of Parliament (MP) to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom from 1885 until it was abolished for the 1918 general election.

Elections were held using the first-past-the-post voting system.

Boundaries[edit]

Before 1885 the city of Birmingham had been a three-member constituency (see Birmingham (UK Parliament constituency) for further details). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham South. It consisted of the wards of Deritend and St Martin, and part of the local government district of Balsall Heath.

The division was bounded to the west by Birmingham Edgbaston, to the north-west by Birmingham Central, to the north by Birmingham East, to the east by Birmingham Bordesley and in the south by the then city boundary and the East Worcestershire constituency.

In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve new Birmingham divisions. The South division was abolished.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Year Member Party
1885 Joseph Powell-Williams Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1904 Viscount Morpeth Liberal Unionist
1911 Leo Amery Liberal Unionist
1912 Unionist
1918 Constituency abolished

Elections[edit]

Elections in the 1880s[edit]

Powell Williams
General Election 1885: Birmingham South [1][2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Powell Williams 5,099 60.6 n/a
Conservative Henry Hawkes 3,311 39.4 n/a
Majority 1,788 21.2 n/a
Turnout 79.0 n/a
Liberal win (new seat)
General Election 1886: Birmingham South [4][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Birmingham South [6][7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams 5,193 69.6 n/a
Liberal William James Lancaster 2,270 30.4 n/a
Majority 2,923 39.4 n/a
Turnout 69.0 n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1895: Birmingham South [8][9]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams 4,830
Liberal Walter Priestman 1,257
Majority 3,573
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Birmingham South [10][11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Powell Williams unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
Morpeth
Birmingham South by-election, 1904 [13]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth 5,299 n/a
Liberal JH Hollowell 2,223 n/a
Majority 3,076 n/a
Turnout n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a
General Election 1906: Birmingham South [14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth 5,541
Liberal John V Stevens 2,641
Majority 2,900
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1910s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Birmingham South [15]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth 6,207
Liberal Arnold Ernest Butler 2,476
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Birmingham South [16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Charles James Stanley Howard, Viscount Morpeth 4,701
Liberal Arnold Ernest Butler 1,923
Majority
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
Amery
Birmingham South by-election, 1911 [17]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Leopold Charles Maurice Stennett Amery unopposed n/a n/a
Liberal Unionist hold Swing n/a

General Election 1914/15:

Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by the July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  2. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1886
  4. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  5. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  6. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  7. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  8. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  9. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  10. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1885-1918, FWS Craig
  11. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  12. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1901
  13. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  14. ^ The Liberal Year Book, 1907
  15. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  16. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916
  17. ^ Debrett's House of Commons & Judicial Bench, 1916