Birmingham Sparkbrook (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham Sparkbrook
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
County West Midlands
19181997
Number of members One
Replaced by Birmingham Sparkbrook & Small Heath
Created from Birmingham East

Birmingham, Sparkbrook was a parliamentary constituency centred on the Sparkbrook area of Birmingham. It returned one Member of Parliament to the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom, elected by the first past the post system.

The constituency was created for the 1918 general election, and abolished for the 1997 general election, when it was partly replaced by the new Birmingham Sparkbrook and Small Heath constituency.

History[edit]

Boundaries[edit]

1918–1950: Parts of the County Borough of Birmingham wards of Balsall Heath, Moseley and King's Heath, and Sparkbrook.

1950–1955: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of Balsall Heath, St Martin's and Deritend, and Sparkbrook.

1955–1983: The County Borough of Birmingham wards of Fox Hollies, Sparkbrook, and Sparkhill.

1983–1997: The City of Birmingham wards of Fox Hollies, Sparkbrook, and Sparkhill.

Members of Parliament[edit]

The constituency's most high-profile MP was Roy Hattersley, who represented it for over 30 years and was Deputy Leader of the Labour Party under Neil Kinnock from 1983 to 1992. He retired in 1997 when the seat was abolished, its replacement being won by Roger Godsiff.

Election Member Party[1]
1918 Leo Amery Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1945 Percy Shurmer Labour
1959 Leslie Seymour Conservative
1964 Roy Hattersley Labour
1997 constituency abolished: see Birmingham Sparkbrook and Small Heath

Elections[edit]

Election in the 1910s[edit]

General Election 1918: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2][3]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
C Unionist Leo Amery 15,225 78.1 N/A
Co-operative Party Frank Spires 3,014 15.5 N/A
Liberal John Gibbard Hurst 1,251 6.4 N/A
Majority 12,211 62.6 N/A
Turnout 19,490 52.5 N/A
Registered electors 37,123
Unionist win (new seat)
C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1922: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Leo Amery 13,326 49.5 −28.6
Liberal T.F. Duggan 7,283 27.1 +20.7
Labour Co-op Ernest Walter Hampton 6,310 23.4 +7.9
Majority 6,043 22.4 −40.2
Turnout 26,919 71.0 +18.5
Registered electors 37,918
Unionist hold Swing −24.7
General Election 1923: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Leo Amery 13,523 56.0 +6.5
Labour Ernest Walter Hampton 5,948 24.6 +1.2
Liberal Donald Finnemore 4,676 19.4 −7.7
Majority 7,575 31.4 +9.0
Turnout 24,147 63.7 −7.3
Registered electors 37,890
Unionist hold Swing +2.7
General Election 1924: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Leo Amery 15,718 58.1 +2.1
Labour S.B.M. Potter 9,759 36.1 +11.5
Liberal E.P. Ray 1,580 5.8 −13.6
Majority 5,959 22.0 −9.4
Turnout 27,057 71.1 +7.4
Registered electors 38,058
Unionist hold Swing −4.7
General Election 1929: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Leo Amery 15,867 46.2 −11.9
Labour A. Young 12,875 37.4 +1.3
Liberal Thomas Foater Duggan 5,645 16.4 +10.6
Majority 2,992 8.8 −13.2
Turnout 34,387 73.1 +2.0
Registered electors 47,041
Unionist hold Swing −6.6

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2][4]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leo Amery 23,517 73.36 +27.16
Labour George Archibald 8,538 26.64 −10.76
Majority 14,979 46.73 +37.93
Turnout 32,055 69.57
Registered electors 46,073
Conservative hold Swing +18.96
General Election 1935: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2][5]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leo Amery 17,509 68.47 −4.89
Labour Henry Whittaker 8,063 31.53 +4.89
Majority 9,446 36.94 −9.79
Turnout 25,572 57.28 −12.29
Registered electors 44,647
Conservative hold Swing −4.89

Elections in the 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Birmingham Sparkbrook [2][6]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Percy Shurmer 14,065 57.76 +26.23
Conservative Leo Amery 8,431 34.63 −23.84
Communist Rajani Palme Dutt 1,853 7.61 N/A
Majority 5,634 23.14 N/A
Turnout 24,349 66.68 +9.4
Registered electors 36,517
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +25.04

Elections in the 1950s[edit]

General Election 1950: Birmingham Sparkbrook [7][8]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Percy Shurmer 24,942 61.49 +3.73
Conservative Piers Debenham 15,267 37.64 +3.01
Communist James Crump 355 0.88 −6.73
Majority 9,675 23.85 +0.71
Turnout 40,564 77.58 +10.90
Registered electors 52,287
Labour hold Swing +0.36
General Election 1951: Birmingham Sparkbrook [9][10]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Percy Shurmer 24,184 61.33 −0.16
Conservative Richard Lonsdale 15,248 38.67 +1.03
Majority 8,936 22.66 −1.19
Turnout 39,423 76.41 −1.17
Registered electors 51,607
Labour hold Swing −0.60
General Election 1955: Birmingham Sparkbrook [11][12]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Percy Shurmer 20,032 54.36 −8.97
Conservative Philip G Hartley 16,821 45.64 +8.97
Majority 3,211 8.71 −13.95
Turnout 36,853 72.18 −4.23
Registered electors 51,057
Labour hold Swing −8.97
General Election 1959: Birmingham Sparkbrook [13][14]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Leslie Seymour 17,751 51.28 +5.64
Labour John T Webster 16,865 48.72 −5.64
Majority 886 2.56 N/A
Turnout 34,616 72.52 +0.34
Registered electors 47,731
Conservative gain from Labour Swing +5.64

Elections in the 1960s[edit]

General Election 1964: Birmingham Sparkbrook [15][16]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 16,287 52.00 +3.28
Conservative Leslie Seymour 15,033 48.00 −3.28
Majority 1,254 4.00 N/A
Turnout 31,320 68.27 −4.25
Registered electors 45,877
Labour gain from Conservative Swing +3.28
General Election 1966: Birmingham Sparkbrook [17][18]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 18,266 60.62 +8.62
Conservative Leslie Seymour 11,868 39.38 −8.62
Majority 6,398 21.23 +17.23
Turnout 30,134 66.74 −1.53
Registered electors 45,148
Labour hold Swing +8.62

Elections in the 1970s[edit]

General Election 1970: Birmingham Sparkbrook[19]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 14,773 52.74 −7.88
Conservative Anthony EJ Mitton 11,427 40.79 +1.41
Liberal John Crofton 1,813 6.47 N/A
Majority 3,346 11.94 −9.29
Turnout 28,013 64.89 −1.85
Registered electors 43,168
Labour hold Swing −4.65
General Election, February 1974: Birmingham Sparkbrook[20][21]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 19,939 61.40 +8.66
Conservative David Jack Savage 12,534 38.60 −2.19
Majority 7,405 22.80 +10.86
Turnout 32,473 65.79 +0.9
Registered electors 49,344
Labour hold Swing +5.43
General Election, October 1974: Birmingham Sparkbrook[21][22]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 17,476 58.45 −2.95
Conservative David Jack Savage 8,955 29.95 −8.65
Liberal Cecil Edward Williams 2,920 9.77 N/A
Irish Civil Rights Joseph Molloy 548 1.83 N/A
Majority 8,521 28.50 +5.7
Turnout 29,899 60.19 −5.6
Registered electors 49,683
Labour hold Swing +2.85
General Election, 1979: Birmingham Sparkbrook[21][23]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 18,717 62.75 +4.30
Conservative Nicholas John David Webb 10,398 34.86 +4.91
Communist Party Roger Murray 715 2.40 N/A
Majority 8,319 27.89 −0.61
Turnout 29,830 64.97 +4.78
Registered electors 45,910
Labour hold Swing -0.31

Elections in the 1980s[edit]

General Election 1983: Birmingham Sparkbrook[24][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 19,757 59.93 −4.8
Conservative Peter Douglas-Osborn 9,209 27.93 −4.97
Social Democratic Omkar Singh Parmar 3,416 10.36 +0.91
Revolutionary Communist Fran Eden 305 0.93 N/A
Independent Carl Chinn 281 0.85 N/A
Majority 10,548 31.99
Turnout 32,968 61.49
Labour hold Swing
General Election 1987: Birmingham Sparkbrook[26][25]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 20,513 60.8 +0.9
Conservative Nazir Khan 8,654 25.7 −2.3
Social Democratic Robin Dimmick 3,803 11.3 +0.9
Green Rex Ambler 526 1.56 N/A
Red Front Pervaiz Khan 229 0.7 N/A
Majority 11,859 35.2 +3.17
Turnout 33,725 63.52 +2.03
Labour hold Swing

Elections in the 1990s[edit]

General Election 1992: Birmingham Sparkbrook[27][28]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Roy Hattersley 22,116 64.1 +3.2
Conservative Mohammed Khamisa 8,544 24.8 −0.9
Liberal Democrat David Parry 3,028 8.8 −2.5
Green Charles Alldrick 833 2.4 +0.9
Majority 13,572 39.3 +4.2
Turnout 34,521 66.8 +3.3
Labour hold Swing +2.1

References[edit]

  1. ^ Craig, F. W. S. (1983) [1969]. British parliamentary election results 1918–1949 (3rd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 89. ISBN 0-900178-06-X. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h British Parliamentary Election Results 1918–1949, FWS Craig
  3. ^ Debrett's House of Commons and the Judicial Bench, 1922
  4. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1931". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  5. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1935". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  6. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1945". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  7. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1950". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  8. ^ [1]
  9. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1951". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  10. ^ [2]
  11. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1955". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  12. ^ [3]
  13. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1959". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  14. ^ [4]
  15. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1964". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  16. ^ [5]
  17. ^ Kimber, Richard. "UK General Election results 1966". Political Science Resources. Retrieved 13 April 2016. 
  18. ^ [6]
  19. ^ "UK General Election results 1970". Politics Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  20. ^ "UK General Election results February 1974". Politics Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  21. ^ a b c "'Birmingham Sparkbrook', Feb 1974 - May 1983". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Archived from the original on 23 March 2016. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  22. ^ "UK General Election results October 1974". Politics Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  23. ^ "UK General Election results 1979". Politics Resources. Retrieved 16 March 2016. 
  24. ^ "Election Data 1983". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  25. ^ a b "'Birmingham Sparkbrook', June 1983 up to May 1997". ElectionWeb Project. Cognitive Computing Limited. Retrieved 4 March 2016. 
  26. ^ "Election Data 1987". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  27. ^ "Election Data 1992". Electoral Calculus. Archived from the original on 15 October 2011. Retrieved 28 June 2017. 
  28. ^ "Politics Resources". Election 1992. Politics Resources. 9 April 1992. Retrieved 6 Dec 2010.