Birmingham West (UK Parliament constituency)

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Birmingham West
Former Borough constituency
for the House of Commons
18851950
Number of members One
Replaced by Birmingham Aston and Birmingham Ladywood
Created from Birmingham

Birmingham West was a parliamentary constituency represented in the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It returned one Member of Parliament (MP), elected by the first-past-the-post voting system.

It was created upon the abolition of the 3-seat Birmingham constituency in 1885 and abolished in 1950.

Boundaries[edit]

Before 1885 the city of Birmingham had been a three-member constituency (see Birmingham (UK Parliament constituency) for further details). Under the Redistribution of Seats Act 1885 the parliamentary borough of Birmingham was split into seven single-member divisions, one of which was Birmingham West. It consisted of All Saints' and St Paul's wards and part of Rotton Park ward.

In the 1918 redistribution of parliamentary seats, the Representation of the People Act 1918 provided for twelve Birmingham divisions - one of which was designated as the Birmingham West constituency. In 1945 one of the other Birmingham seats was split in two, as it had over 100,000 electors, but that change did not affect the other divisions. The Birmingham West constituency in 1918 consisted of the County Borough of Birmingham ward of St Paul's and parts of All Saints' and Lozells wards.

In the redistribution which took effect in the United Kingdom general election, 1950, the Representation of the People Act 1948 redivided Birmingham into thirteen constituencies. The West division was abolished. St Paul's and Lozells wards became part of Birmingham Aston. All Saints' ward became part of Birmingham Ladywood.

Members of Parliament[edit]

Election Member Party
1885 Joseph Chamberlain Liberal
1886 Liberal Unionist
1912 Conservative
1914 by-election Sir Austen Chamberlain Conservative
1918 Coalition Conservative
1922 Conservative
1937 by-election Walter Frank Higgs Conservative
1945 Charles James Simmons Labour
1950 Constituency abolished

Election results[edit]

General Election 1885: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Chamberlain 5,419 67.1
Conservative John Dumphreys 2,655 32.9
Majority 2,764 34.2
Turnout 10,329 78.2
Liberal hold Swing
Birmingham, West: by-election, 9 February 1886
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout
Liberal hold Swing
General Election 1886: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout 10,329 N/A
Liberal Unionist gain from Liberal Swing

Elections in the 1890s[edit]

General Election 1892: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 6,297 76.7
Liberal J. Corrie Grant 1,879 22.9
Independent J.W. Mahony 31 0.4
Majority 4,418 53.8
Turnout 11,554 71.0
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
Birmingham, West: by-election, 1 July 1895
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain unopposed
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election 1895: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 5,537 81.5
Liberal B. O'Connor 1,259 18.5
Majority 4,278 63.0
Turnout 11,647 58.3
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election 1900: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout 13,035 N/A
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
RL Outhwaite
General Election 1906: Birmingham, West

Electorate

Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain 7,173 77.4
Liberal Robert Leonard Outhwaite 2,094 22.6
Majority 5,079 54.8
Turnout 12,483 74.2
Liberal Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1900s[edit]

General Election January 1910: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
General Election December 1910: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Unionist Joseph Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout
Liberal Unionist hold Swing
Birmingham, West: by-election, 14 July 1914
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Austen Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
Birmingham, West: by-election, 25 April 1918
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Austen Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1918: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Austen Chamberlain unopposed
Turnout 35,836 N/A
Conservative hold Swing

Elections in the 1920s[edit]

General Election 1923: Birmingham West [1]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Rt Hon. Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain 13,940 58.3 -3.3
Labour Frank Samuel Smith 9,983 41.7 +3.3
Majority 3,957 16.6 -6.6
Turnout 63.9
Unionist hold Swing -3.3
General Election 1929: Birmingham West [2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Unionist Rt Hon. Sir Joseph Austen Chamberlain 16,862 50.1
Labour Octavius George Willey 16,819 49.9
Majority 43 0.2
Turnout 33,681
Unionist hold Swing

Elections in the 1930s[edit]

General Election 1931: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Austen Chamberlain 22,448 68.12
Labour O.G. Willey 10,507 31.88
Majority 11,941 36.23
Turnout 75.86
Conservative hold Swing
General Election 1935: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Sir Austen Chamberlain 16,530 64.35
Labour O.G. Willey 9,159 35.65
Majority 7,371 28.69
Turnout 63.59
Conservative hold Swing
By Election 1937: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Conservative Walter Frank Higgs 12,552 56.58
Labour Richard Howard Stafford Crossman 9,632 43.42
Majority 2,920 13.16
Turnout 22,184
Conservative hold Swing

Elections 1940s[edit]

General Election 1945: Birmingham, West
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Labour Charles James Simmons 12,639 63.54
Conservative Walter Frank Higgs 7,253 36.46
Majority 5,386 27.08
Turnout 66.94
Labour gain from Conservative Swing

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig
  2. ^ British Parliamentary Election Results 1918-1949, FWS Craig