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for the village in Nepal see Birpur, Nepal
Birpur is located in Bihar
Location in Bihar, India
Coordinates: 26°32′N 86°15′E / 26.53°N 86.25°E / 26.53; 86.25Coordinates: 26°32′N 86°15′E / 26.53°N 86.25°E / 26.53; 86.25
Country  India
State Bihar
District Supaul
Elevation 54 m (177 ft)
Population (2001)
 • Total 17,730
Hindi, bhojpuri, Thethi
 • Official Maithili, Hindi
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
ISO 3166 code IN-BR

Birpur is a city and a notified area in Supaul district in the state of Bihar, India. It is a small town on the Indo-Nepal border near the historic Kosi Barrage on the Kosi River. It has an airstrip, which is being modernised and later on will be utilized for commercial as well defence use. It had been made when first prime minister of India Pandit Jawahar Lal Nehru had landed here to lay the foundation stone of Koshi Barrage. There has been a new helipad constructed next to the airstrip for multi purpose use.

The population of Birpur is mixed. The city mostly consists of colonies made for employees and officers of Koshi project. Its Koshi High School was once most sought after school in entire Koshi region. There is also a middle school up to standard eighth viz. Koshi Middle School. There is also a Koshi Club here, adjacent to the school campus. It is a center for sports and cultural activities.

There is also a government college named Lalit Naryan Mishra Smarak Mahavidyalay on the name of Lalit Narayan Mishra, who was railway minister of India from 1973 to 1975 and who died in 1975 in a bomb blast at Samastipur. His birthplace, Balua, is 13 kilometer towards the south from Birpur.

Neighbouring areas are Basantpur, Bhimnagar, Kataiya Power House, which is a hydro power plant, Hriday Nagar, Bhavani Pur. Nearest railway head from Birpur is Raghopur in the south and Forbesganj and Jogbani in the east. There is direct train from Jogbani to Kolkata and Delhi. Jogbani is well connected from Birpur. One can easily reach Jogbani via autor or buses which are available at Gol Chowk and bus stand. The train to Delhi is called Seemanchal Express. The train to Kolkata is Jogbani Kolkata Express.

Birpur is well-connected to nearby areas through regular bus services. Direct bus services are available towards Sharsha, Patna & Darbhanga.

Ram Janki Temple

Lalit Narayan Mishra used to live in Birpur.[citation needed]


Population of Children with age of 0-6 is 2974 which is 14.92% of total population of Birpur (NP). In Birpur Nagar Panchayat, Female Sex Ratio is of 864 against state average of 918. Moreover Child Sex Ratio in Birpur is around 973 compared to Bihar state average of 935. Literacy rate of Birpur city is 79.91% higher than state average of 61.80%. In Birpur, Male literacy is around 86.67% while female literacy rate is 71.92%. as per census 2011.

Koshi Barrage

Medical facility[edit]

There is one Sub divisional hospital under the administrative control of Bihar Govt. Earlier this hospital was under the administrative control of Koshi Project. Local people had started a movement in 2015 to convert it into a sub- divisional hospital for better facilities and in early 2016 got success. Notable doctors- Dr. A. K. Jha and Dr. Kaushal Kishore. There is also one Physiotherapy Clinic equipped with modern equipments and machines, established by Dr. Manas Jha and inaugurated by local MLA Mr. Niraj Kr Singh on 15 July 2013.

Places of interest[edit]

Koshi barrage[edit]

It is around 10 km from Gol Chowk, Birpur. It is a flood control sluice across the Koshi river in Mithila region of Nepal. It has 52 gates which controls the flow of water. It is a famous picnic spot for local residents. Koshi Tappu wildlife reserve is roughly 3 miles from barrage. Anyone can easily reach there by regular auto from Gol chowk, Birpur.

Indo-Nepal border[edit]

Birpur is situated near to Indo-Nepal border. LOC of Indo-Nepal border is lush green and perfect place to plan picnic with your family. It is a perfect place for the one who admires nature's beauty.