Oral contraceptive pill

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Oral contraceptives, abbreviated OCPs, also known as birth control pills, are medications taken by mouth for the purpose of birth control.


Two types of female oral contraceptive pill, taken once per day, are widely available:

Emergency contraception pills ("morning after pills") are taken at the time of intercourse, or within a few days afterwards.

Other types of female oral contraceptive are experimental or only available in limited areas:


  • Male oral contraceptives are currently not available commercially, although several possibilities are in various stages of research and development