Birth flower

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According to the language of flowers, introduced to England in the early 18th century by Mary Wortley Montague, flowers had meanings.[1]Each month has a symbolic flower whose characteristics may be "inherited" by anyone born in that month. Later authors have inspired by this tradition to create lists that associate a birthday flower with each day of the year.[2]

List of birth-flowers[edit]

Month Flowers[3] Meaning
January Carnation or snowdrop The snowdrop signifies hope and beauty. Carnations can have different meanings depending on colour.
February Violet or primrose The violet symbolises loyalty and faithfulness.
March Daffodil[4] or jonquil unequalled love
April Daisy or sweet pea The sweet pea says good-bye, or symbolises blissful pleasure. The daisy suggests loyal love and purity.
May Hawthorn or lily of the valley The hawthorn conveys good wishes, while the lily of the valley conveys humility and sweetness
June Rose or honeysuckle The rose may convey a variety of meanings, depending on colour. The honeysuckle symbolises everlasting love.
July Larkspur or water lily The water lily, which symbolises purity and majesty. The larkspur may convey a variety of meanings, depending on colour.
August Gladiolus or poppy The gladiolus may represent remembrance, calm, integrity, or a heart pierced by love. The poppy has a variety of meanings, depending on colour.
September Morning glory or aster Morning glory: affection. Aster: powerful love.
October Marigold or cosmos Cosmos symbolise of order and peace. Marigolds can mean grief, but also optimism.
November Chrysanthemum Compassion, friendship, joy. Chrysanthemums have different meanings, including love (red), innocence(white), and unrequited love (yellow).
December Holly or narcissus Holly symbolises a wish for domestic happiness.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Loy, Susan. "History of the "Language of Flowers" Book". Literary Calligraphy. Retrieved 15 January 2015.
  2. ^ Jones, Gertrude (1962). Dictionary of Mythology, Folklore, and Symbols. New York: The Scarecrow Press.
  3. ^ "Birth Month Flowers and their Meanings". The Old Farmer's Almanac. Yankee Publishing, Inc. Retrieved 9 January 2021.
  4. ^ Leeds, Lois (March 23, 1944). "Beauty Arts". Ottawa Citizen. Retrieved January 28, 2010.