Birthday (Katy Perry song)
|Single by Katy Perry|
|from the album Prism|
|Released||April 21, 2014|
|Katy Perry singles chronology|
"Birthday" is a disco song recorded by American singer Katy Perry for her fourth studio album, Prism (2013). She co-wrote the song with Bonnie McKee and its producers Dr. Luke, Max Martin, and Cirkut. Critics, as well as Perry herself, have compared the track to the music of Prince and Mariah Carey. Through double entendres in the lyrics of "Birthday", Perry makes sexual references while celebrating a partner's birthday. Capitol Records sent the track to mainstream and rhythmic radio on April 21, 2014 as the album's fourth single.
Following the release of Prism, "Birthday" entered the single charts of South Korea and France. After being released as an official single, it reached the top 30 in Australia, UK, and Netherlands, number 17 on the US Billboard Hot 100, and number 7 on the Canadian Hot 100. A music video for the track was released on April 24, 2014. Primarily recorded with hidden cameras, it features Perry disguised as five different characters in birthday parties and other celebrations. The makeup effects disguises for Perry were designed and created by Tony Gardner. Jess Glynne covered the song on BBC Radio 1's Live Lounge, and Halsey on SiriusXM.
- 1 Production and release
- 2 Composition
- 3 Critical reception
- 4 Chart performance
- 5 Music video
- 6 Live performance
- 7 Track listing
- 8 Credits and personnel
- 9 Charts
- 10 Certifications
- 11 Release history
- 12 See also
- 13 External links
- 14 References
Production and release
"Birthday" was written by Perry, Bonnie McKee, Cirkut, Dr. Luke, and Max Martin. The latter three produced the song and contributed to the instrumentation and programmed their respective instruments. The drums were played by Steven Wolf, while the horns were played by the Saturday Night Live Band, arranged by Lenny Pickett and engineered by Dave O'Donnell. Its audio engineering was done by Peter Carlsson, Clint Gibbs, Sam Holland, and Michael Illbert. The track was finally mixed by Serban Ghenea at the MixStar Studios in Virginia Beach, Virginia, accompanied by the mixing engineer, John Hanes. The song itself was recorded at various studios, including Luke's in the Boo in Malibu, California, Conway Recording Studios in Hollywood, California, Playback Recording Studio in Santa Barbara, California, MXM Studios in Stockholm, Sweden and Secret Garden Studios in Montecito, California.
The song surfaced online on October 16, 2013—two days prior to the official release of Prism. On April 3, 2014, the singer announced on her Twitter account that "Birthday" would be released as the album's fourth single, posting its cover art as well. The art is based on a photograph, taken during a birthday party circa 1990, in which a blonde Perry and her sister Angela Hudson smile toward the camera; "puffy" letter balloons were "photoshopped" onto the cover to spell out Perry's name. The song title appears in candles over a floral cake. To promote the single, a lyric video for "Birthday" was uploaded onto Perry's Vevo account on April 10, 2014. It depicts a variety of cakes and sweets—among other confections—decorated with the song's lyrics and concludes with Perry lighting the last candle of a cake.
At the length of three minutes and thirty-five seconds (3:35), "Birthday" is primarily styled in the genre of disco. "Birthday" is composed in the key of B major and follows a progression of Emaj9–C♯m7–Emaj9–C♯m7–B with a tempo of 126 beats per minute. Perry's vocals range from B3 to F♯5. During a preview event for Prism, held in New York City, Perry described "Birthday" as her "attempt at writing" a song that American singer and songwriter Mariah Carey would have included in her eponymous debut album. Since its release, its musical composition has been strongly compared to that of other works of Prince and duo Wendy and Lisa.
"Birthday" contains elements of funk-pop, synthpop, and disco house. The song is backed by a "busy but buoyant" instrumentation featuring a "deeply rhythmic impulse". Randall Roberts of the Los Angeles Times felt "Birthday" was a musically updated version of disco, achieved by replacing "cheesy strings" with "jerky breaks and synth washes". Its "joyful" lyrics present the commemoration of her partner's birthday as a metaphor for sexual intercourse. The bridge section of "Birthday", which sees Perry singing "Let me get you in your birthday suit / It's time to bring out the big balloons", was found by Ben Rattliff to resemble French duo Daft Punk's works.
AllMusic's Stephen Thomas Erlewine and Kitty Empire from The Guardian called "Birthday" one of the best tracks from Prism: Erlewine described it as a "glorious retro-disco explosion" and Empire found a "girly simpatico" in the song that sustains it. Marah Eakin from The A.V. Club felt the track was "pure fun". Jason Lipshutz of Billboard called it a "stone-cold stunner", going on to say the song "serves as pop music's (superior) answer to Swizz Beatz's "Everyday Birthday". He also felt it was the song with the "most smash potential" included in Prism. Chris Bosman of Consequence of Sound wrote that the song was a "irrepressible disco jam" and found it superior to Carly Rae Jepsen's album Kiss (2012).
Jon Dolan from Rolling Stone noted that the "sunny effervescence" from Teenage Dream was present on the song. Sal Cinquemani from Slant Magazine said that the "sexy and playful" song was "offset by brackish fare". Alexis Petridis from The Guardian felt that the song resembled a four to the floor remix of a Mariah Carey song, but complimented its melodies for being "significantly stronger" than those of Jessie J's album, Alive (2013). Rob Harvilla from Spin criticized the song's "sensuality", which he described as being of "an off-kilter, grade-school goofy, beanie-propeller sort of sensuality". Evan Sawdey of PopMatters deemed "Birthday" the "catchiest thing" on Prism, but he also thought it was a "rewrite" of Jessie J's hit "Domino" and Perry's former song "Last Friday Night (T.G.I.F.)". Lewis Corner from Digital Spy classified it as a "flirty pop-gem", while HitFix's Melinda Newman awarded it a B+ grade, calling it a "delectable pop confection". James Reed from The Boston Globe called the song's double entendre lyrics "hilarious".
Upon the release of Prism, due to strong digital download sales, "Birthday" charted on the singles charts in France and South Korea. It debuted on the Syndicat National de l'Édition Phonographique singles chart at number 160 where it stayed for one week. In South Korea, it peaked at number 51 on the Gaon International Chart with digital downloads of 3,089 copies.
Before being released as a single, the song debuted on the Billboard Hot 100 chart of April 16, 2014, at number 91. One week later, the song jumped to number 83. The following week, it went from 83 to 37. It peaked at 17 on the Hot 100 becoming her 15th entry to reach the top 20 of the chart. The song has peaked at the top of Hot Dance Club Songs chart extending her record for most consecutive dance club no.1 songs to 14.
Development and filming
The official music video for "Birthday" was directed by Marc Klasfeld and Danny Lockwood; Dawn Rose served as a producer, while Nicole Acacio served as executive producer, Richard Alarcón served as the editor, Tony Gardner as the make-up artist, and Joseph Robbins was the director of photography. For the video, which was filmed in April 2014, Perry played the characters of five party entertainers, appearing in five parties. They consisted of a burlesque-like elderly woman named Goldie, a Jewish master of ceremonies named Yosef Shulem, a clown named Kriss, an animal trainer named Ace, and a face-painter named Princess Mandee. In order to transform physically into each character, Perry spent up to seven hours getting prosthetic makeup applied by Tony Gardner.
The parties that Perry attended were real, and its participants were unaware of Perry's presence; the organizers believed they had signed up to star in a reality show called "Birthday Blowouts". Similarly, the majority of events that took place during the visual were staged without the knowledge of the celebrations' organizers and guests. For example, the car crash that occurs in the video left several children who observed it frightened and crying. Perry deemed the video "very intricate to make and shoot" and her "most insane" to date. A teaser for the video which introduced the characters was released on April 22, 2014 whereas the complete video was revealed two days later.
The music video begins with short introductions to Perry's alter-egos Goldie, Yosef, Kriss, Ace, and Mandee. Perry is then shown entering all of the parties as "five of the world’s worst birthday entertainers" in disguise. At a man's 90th birthday, Goldie emerges from a large birthday cake and begins to give the man a lapdance. At a child's birthday party, Kriss the Clown attempts to create balloon animals, while Ace the Animal Trainer introduces a group of children to a box of mice before appearing to eat one, which makes a child cry. At another child's party, Princess Mandee paints a girl's face incompetently; Goldie begins to suffer from respiratory problems, and Yosef does the worm at a boy's Bar Mitzvah. Goldie pulls a man's prosthetic leg off and proceeds to play air guitar with it, and Kriss crashes into a table before drinking alcohol behind a tree.
At the elderly man's party, Goldie collapses and a woman tries to use a defibrillator on her. While attempting to hit a piñata, Kriss walks onto the road to cause a car crash which shocks the party attendees. At the petting cage, Ace lets a goat run wild which defecates and urinates on the ground; meanwhile Goldie drops a birthday cake on the 90-year-old man, Yosef is then shown beatboxing at the Bar Mitzvah to the disapproval of the guests. Princess Mandee takes off her hat, wig and mask and reveals herself to be Perry, to which the children scream in pleasure. Goldie eats cake with the elderly man, before straddling him on his wheelchair. At the end of the song, Princess Mandee and the children say "happy birthday" to the camera. During the credits, Perry's five alter-egos dance and lip-sync to a remixed version of the song.
Christina Garibaldi of MTV News wrote that Perry "continues to top herself" with the video and billed the video's "approach" as "creative, fun and pretty hysterical". Salon's Daniel D'Addario was critical of character Yosef Shulem, denouncing it as a "Jewish stereotype". He noted that Perry had already been the center of controversy due to being dressed as a geisha for a 2013 performance of "Unconditionally", and questioned her decision to portray Yosef. Writing for Time, Nolan Feeman quipped, "Jewish people aren't costumes" and found the video distracting from the song. Ariana Bacle from Entertainment Weekly dubbed the character "anti-Semitic" and suggested that Perry should stop impersonating members of other cultures. For Consequence of Sound, Chris Coplan called the visual "incredible" and described it as a "less grating and tiresome" version of The Master of Disguise. Complex writer Zach Frydenlund positively remarked that the video "deliver[ed]" and regarded the Goldie character look as "quite nice".
- Digital download (Cash Cash Remix)
- "Birthday" (Cash Cash Remix) – 4:25
Credits and personnel
Song credits adapted from the liner notes of Prism, Capitol Records.
- Katy Perry – lead and background vocals, songwriting
- Steve Turre – trombone
- Earl Gardner – trumpet
- Lenny Pickett – tenor sax
- Mike Masteller – alto sax
- Ron Blake – baritone sax
- Dr. Luke – instruments and programming, songwriting, production
- Max Martin – instruments and programming, songwriting, production
- Cirkut – instruments and programming, songwriting, production
- Steven Wolf – drums
- Lenny Pickett – horn arrangement
- Dave O'Donnell – horns engineer
- Bonnie McKee – songwriting
- Serban Ghenea – mixing
- Peter Carlsson – engineering
- Clint Gibbs – engineering
- Sam Holland – engineering
- Michael Illbert – engineering
- John Hanes – mixing engineer
Credits of the video production adapted from the visual.
- Marc Klasfeld – director
- Danny Lockwood – director
- Nicole Acacio – executive producer
- Dawn Rose – producer
- Joseph Robbins – director of photography
- Richard Alarcon – editor
- Tony Gardner – special effects, makeup and design
- Casey Storm – costume designer
- Lissa Hahn – set dresser
- TJ White – stunt coordinator
- Mark Neiman – special effects makeup
- Hugo Villasneor – special effects makeup
- Jake Bailey – Princess Mandee's makeup
- Olivia Segerstrom – wardrobe assistant
- Mary Beck – wardrobe assistant
- Ryan Cox – wardrobe assistant
- Harwood Lee – tailor
- Eric Holzer – grips
- Robert Meckler – grips
- Greg Mustin – grips
- Curtis Smith – grips
- Ryan Patterson – production designer
- Bill Pollock – color
- Josh Falcon – sound mix
- Kenny Kiesecker – lead assistant editor
- Daniel Miranda – assistant editor
- Eddie Gil DeMontes – additional editing
- David Camera – production supervisor
- Rob Talt – hairdresser
- Kimmie Kyees – nails
- Kammy Lenox – stylist additional talent
- Linda Sammut – hair makeup additional talent
- Gavin Taylor – titles and motion graphics
- Les Umberger – titles and motion graphics
- Ben Schwartz – additional writing
- Bruce Vilanch – additional writing
- Sunset Edit – post-production
- Possum Hill – behind the scenes
- Daylan Williams – behind the scenes
- Mitchie Meija – behind the scenes
- Andy Theiss – behind the scenes
- Reece Miller – behind the scenes
- Michael E. Estrella – first assistant director
- Jimmy Ramirez – second assistant director
- Mike Scheneir – camera operator
- Heather Brown – camera operator
- Christian Meola – swing
- Matt Conrad – camera technician
- Stuart Hammond – camera technician
- Jonathan Dec – clapper loader
- Steve Pennel – art coordinator
- Jamie Klasfeld – party supervisor
- Tony Bollas – sound
- Tracy Mills – video tape recorder
- Carrie La – location manager
- Stephen Kardell – location manager
- Rony Alwin – still photographer
- Alex Cruz – production assistant
- Petra Westen – production assistant
- Mario Valladares – production assistant
- Kristin Guinn – production assistant
- Breece Wilson – production assistant
- Tony Alvarez – production assistant
- Matt Hudson – production assistant
- Deeter Lota – production assistant
- Anthony Ortiz – production assistant
- Hank Hartnell – production assistant
- Henry Arres – production assistant
|Canada (Music Canada)||Platinum||80,000|
|United Kingdom (BPI)||Silver||200,000|
|United States (RIAA)||Platinum||1,000,000*|
*sales figures based on certification alone
|United States||April 21, 2014||Contemporary hit radio||Capitol Records|||
|May 20, 2014||Digital download (Cash Cash remix)|||
|United Kingdom||April 28, 2014||Contemporary hit radio|||
|May 22, 2014||Digital download (Cash Cash remix)|
|Italy||June 6, 2014||Mainstream radio|||
- "Jess Glynne cover's Katy Perry's Birthday in the Live Lounge". BBC. July 8, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014.
- Prism (liner notes). Katy Perry. United States: Capitol Records. 2013. B001934502.CS1 maint: others (link)
- Lipshutz, Jason (October 16, 2013). "Katy Perry's Vibrant 'Birthday' Song Leaks Online". Billboard. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- Lindner, Emilee (April 3, 2014). "Katy Perry Reveals 'Birthday' Single Art With Serious Little Kid Attitude". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Steps Back In Time For 'Birthday' Single Cover". Capital. Global Radio; Communicorp. April 4, 2014. Retrieved April 4, 2014.
- Ehrlich, Brenna (April 10, 2014). "Katy Perry's 'Birthday' Lyric Video Will Put You in a Sugar Coma". MTV News. Retrieved April 10, 2014.
- "Katy Perry — PRISM". iTunes Store. Apple Inc. September 30, 2013. Retrieved September 30, 2013.
- Roberts, Randall (October 22, 2013). "Review: Hits pack Katy Perry's 'Prism'". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- "Katy Perry "Birthday" Sheet Music". Musicnotes. January 7, 2014. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Lipshutz, Jason (September 6, 2013). "Katy Perry's 'Prism' Album Preview: 10 Things You Need To Know". Billboard. Retrieved October 27, 2013.
- Gunderson, Edna (September 13, 2013). "Katy Perry sheds light on 'Prism' at L.A. preview event". USA Today. Retrieved November 25, 2013.
- Harvilla, Rob (October 22, 2013). "Katy Perry Grows Up and Bums Us Out on Her Shrewd, Tepid 'Prism'". Spin. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Lipshutz, Jason (October 21, 2013). "Katy Perry's 'PRISM': Track-By-Track Review". Billboard. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Rattliff, Ben (October 18, 2013). "This Bubble Gum, Too, Shall Pop". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Erlewine, Stephen Thomas. "Prism - Katy Perry". AllMusic. Rovi Corporation. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Empire, Kitty (October 20, 2013). "Katy Perry: Prism – review". The Guardian. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Eakin, Marah (October 18, 2013). "Katy Perry: Prism". The A.V. Club. The Onion. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Bosman, Chris (November 1, 2013). "Album Review: Katy Perry - Prism". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Dolan, Jon (October 16, 2013). "Katy Perry 'Prism' Review". Rolling Stone. Wenner Media LLC. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- Cinquemani, Sal (October 18, 2013). "Katy Perry: Prism". Slant Magazine. Retrieved December 10, 2013.
- Petridis, Alexis (October 17, 2013). "Katy Perry: Prism — review". The Guardian. Retrieved December 7, 2013.
- Sawdey, Evan (October 20, 2013). "Katy Perry: Prism". PopMatters. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Corner, Lewis (October 18, 2013). "Katy Perry: 'Prism' - Album review". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Newman, Melinda (October 21, 2013). "Katy Perry's 'Prism' reflects her heart and soul set to a beat: Review". HitFix. Retrieved January 3, 2014.
- Reed, James (October 21, 2013). "Katy Perry shows many colors on 'Prism'". Boston Globe. John W. Henry. Retrieved December 8, 2013.
- "Lescharts.com – Katy Perry – Birthday" (in French). Les classement single. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "South Korea Gaon International Chart". Gaon Chart. Archived from the original on November 3, 2013. Retrieved October 3, 2013.
- Trust, Gary (April 16, 2014). "Pharrell Williams Tops Hot 100; Ed Sheeran Blasts In at No. 15". Billboard. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
- Trust, Gary (April 30, 2014). "Pharrell Williams Tops Hot 100 For 10th Week, Iggy Azalea Vaults Into Top 10". Billboard. Retrieved April 30, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved May 31, 2014.
- "Katy Perry "Birthday" (Marc Klasfeld & Danny Lockwood, dir.)". VideoStatic. 2014-04-24. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- Klasfeld, Marc; Lockwood, Danny (2014). Birthday (music video). Capitol Records.
- Garibaldi, Christina (April 22, 2014). "Katy Perry Is Completely Unrecognizable In 'Birthday' Video Teaser: Watch Now". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved April 23, 2014.
- "Katy Perry lives her own Truman Show as she drops her brand new "Birthday" video". KiddNation. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Katy Perry stages car crash, pranks kids in new 'Birthday' video". Toronto Sun. Canoe Sun Media Urban Newspapers. April 27, 2014. Retrieved August 18, 2014.
- Carroll, Sarah. "Carson Daly interviews Katy Perry about her "Birthday" music video premiere". 97.1 AMP Radio. CBS. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Alexander, Ella (April 24, 2014). "Katy Perry gatecrashes a children's birthday party and makes everyone cry". The Independent. Independent Print Limited. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Garibaldi, Christina (April 24, 2014). "Katy Perry Makes For A Terrifying Clown In 'Birthday': Watch Now". MTV News. Viacom Media Networks. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- D'Addario, Daniel (April 22, 2014). "Katy Perry dresses as a Jewish bar mitzvah DJ, tells rabbi jokes in her new "Birthday" video". Salon. Salon Media Group. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Feeman, Nolan. "Katy Perry Is Dressin' Up for "Birthday" Video, For Better or For Worse". Time. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Bacle, Ariana (April 22, 2014). "Katy Perry plays dress-up in music video preview, maybe makes awkward anti-Semitic gesture — VIDEO". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Coplan, Chris. "Watch: Katy Perry's incredible video for "Birthday"". Consequence of Sound. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- Frydenlund, Zach (April 24, 2014). "Watch Katy Perry's Video for "Birthday"". Complex. Retrieved April 25, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Throws 'Birthday' Bash at Billboard Music Awards". Billboard. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "Birthday (Cash Cash Remix) – Single". iTunes Store. Apple. Retrieved 2014-05-20.
- "Australian-charts.com – Katy Perry – Birthday". ARIA Top 50 Singles. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- "Austriancharts.at – Katy Perry – Birthday" (in German). Ö3 Austria Top 40. Retrieved July 17, 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Katy Perry – Birthday" (in Dutch). Ultratip. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "Ultratop.be – Katy Perry – Birthday" (in French). Ultratip. Retrieved June 3, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Canadian Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved May 8, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Canada AC)". Billboard. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Canada CHR/Top 40)". Billboard. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Canada Hot AC)". Billboard. Retrieved August 21, 2014.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Change the chart to CZ – RADIO – TOP 100 and insert 201425 into search. Retrieved June 23, 2014.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Czech). Hitparáda – Digital Top 100 Oficiální. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Change the chart to CZ – SINGLES DIGITAL – TOP 100 and insert 201427 into search. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Katy Perry: Birthday" (in Finnish). Musiikkituottajat – IFPI Finland.
- "Offiziellecharts.de – Katy Perry – Birthday". GfK Entertainment Charts. Retrieved March 1, 2019.
- "Chart Track: Week 20, 2014". Irish Singles Chart. Retrieved May 4, 2014.
- "מדיה פורסט - לדעת שאתה באוויר". Mediaforest.biz. Archived from the original on 2014-12-24. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "FIMI - Katy Perry: Birthday". FIMI. Retrieved July 14, 2014.
- "Nederlandse Top 40 – Katy Perry" (in Dutch). Dutch Top 40. Retrieved April 18, 2014.
- "Dutchcharts.nl – Katy Perry – Birthday" (in Dutch). Single Top 100. Retrieved May 10, 2014.
- "Charts.nz – Katy Perry – Birthday". Top 40 Singles. Retrieved May 2, 2014.
- "Official Scottish Singles Sales Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Radio Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: insert 201423 into search. Retrieved June 10, 2014.
- "ČNS IFPI" (in Slovak). Hitparáda – Singles Digital Top 100 Oficiálna. IFPI Czech Republic. Note: Select SINGLES DIGITAL - TOP 100 and insert 201427 into search. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "SloTop50: Slovenian official singles weekly chart" (in Slovenian). SloTop50. Retrieved 15 June 2014.
- "South African Airplay Chart Top 10 - June 17, 2014". Entertainment Monitoring Africa. June 17, 2014. Archived from the original on July 15, 2014. Retrieved June 18, 2014.
- "GAON DIGITAL CHART | gaon music chart". Gaonchart.co.kr. Archived from the original on May 12, 2014. Retrieved 2014-06-07.
- "Official Singles Chart Top 100". Official Charts Company. Retrieved May 18, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Adult Contemporary)". Billboard. Retrieved May 14, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Adult Pop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Dance Mix/Show Airplay)". Billboard. Retrieved June 19, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Dance Club Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved June 12, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Pop Songs)". Billboard. Retrieved June 26, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Rhythmic)". Billboard. Retrieved May 29, 2014.
- "Katy Perry Chart History (Hot 100)". Billboard. Retrieved December 9, 2014.
- "Billboard Dance Club Songs Chart 2014 - Year End". Billboard. Retrieved 9 December 2014.
- "Pop Songs – Year-End 2014". Billboard. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
- "ARIA Charts – Accreditations – 2014 Singles". Australian Recording Industry Association.
- "Canadian single certifications – Katy Perry – Birthday". Music Canada. Retrieved April 21, 2017.
- "Italian single certifications – Katy Perry – Birthday" (in Italian). Federazione Industria Musicale Italiana. Select "2015" in the "Anno" drop-down menu. Select "Birthday" in the "Filtra" field. Select "Singoli online" under "Sezione".
- "British single certifications – Katy Perry – Birthday". British Phonographic Industry. Select singles in the Format field. Select Silver in the Certification field. Type Birthday in the "Search BPI Awards" field and then press Enter.
- "American single certifications – Katy Perry – Birthday". Recording Industry Association of America. If necessary, click Advanced, then click Format, then select Single, then click SEARCH.
- "CHR/Top 40". Radio & Records. Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "Rhythmic". Radio & Records. Archived from the original on April 11, 2014. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- "BBC Radio 1xtra Playlist". April 28, 2014. Archived from the original on April 29, 2014.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2014-07-14. Retrieved 2014-06-12.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)