Bischofferode

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Bischofferode
Ortsteil of Am Ohmberg
Coat of arms of Bischofferode
Coat of arms
Bischofferode   is located in Germany
Bischofferode
Bischofferode
Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 10°26′35″E / 51.49667°N 10.44306°E / 51.49667; 10.44306Coordinates: 51°29′48″N 10°26′35″E / 51.49667°N 10.44306°E / 51.49667; 10.44306
Country Germany
State Thuringia
District Eichsfeld
Municipality Am Ohmberg
Area
 • Total 12.21 km2 (4.71 sq mi)
Elevation 295 m (968 ft)
Population (2009-12-31)
 • Total 1,913
 • Density 160/km2 (410/sq mi)
Time zone CET/CEST (UTC+1/+2)
Postal codes 37345
Dialling codes 036077
Vehicle registration EIC
Website www.bischofferode.de

Bischofferode is a village and a former municipality in the Eichsfeld district, in Thuringia, Germany. Since 1 December 2010, it is part of the municipality Am Ohmberg. Bischofferode consists of the subdivisions of Bischofferode, Hauröden and Siedlung "Thomas Müntzer".

Church Maria Geburt (2003)
Natursteingrotte (2005)

Geography[edit]

The historical border of the area "Eichsfeld" goes straight through the drainage area of the two schools - Bischofferode and Holungen are dominated by the Catholic belief, that shows the traditional membership to the Eichsfeld. Hauröden is dominated by the Protestant belief, what shows, that the village was historically stronger linked to the Protestant area of Nordhausen and Sondershausen. (Hauröden has been a part of the district of Nordhausen until 1952)

first mention: 1186 as a convent village of the monastery in Gerode

little hamlets in the boundary: - Wenigenbischofferode - Husen - Poppenrode

arms

The unprooting hoe and the crosier show the origin as an unprooting village and the bishop's property.

Economy[edit]

The people mainly earned their money in the agricultural production until the beginning of the 20th century. Then in 1909 the salt mine opened. It was the most important branch until 31 December 1993. This date was the end of the salt production in Bischofferode. Today the trade plays a more important role.

Sights/ tourist attractions[edit]

- church (Marienkirche) with a baroque tower and a modern interior decorating (projected by Prof. Tresst) - museum of the "potash union" - a lot of public footpaths

The village Hauröden - hauröden has been a part of Bischofferode since 1974.

inhabitants: 300

first mention: 1206 Howeritte 1370 Houenreden

little hamlets in the boundary: Bennrode Sipterode Billrode

The village was nearly depopulated as a result of the Thirty Years´ War.

economy

Agricultural production and weaving were the first sources of income followed by the salt-mining. Working in the salt-mine meant better wages for the people. In 1897 a railway line was built, the housing estate "Neubleicherode" was founded and electricity introduced in 1917. A housing estate for the workers was built in Hauröden itself in 1919.

sights/ tourist attractions

- church (Trinitatiskirche) built in 1617 in rustic baroque style - war memorial (1927) - very old lime tree (under protection) - "Hauröder Klippen" - a lookout in the hills of the Ohm Hills - restaurant "Hauröder Klippen" (in 1997 renovated, with rooms tolet)

Population development[edit]

Year Population
1933 1139
1939 1181
1946 1405
1950 1664
1956 1685
1961 1711
Year Population
1964 1910
1971 2600
1980 2810
1983 2779
1985 2830
1990 2770
Year Population
1992 2665
1993 2671
1994 2693
1995 2626
1996 2573
1997 2495
Year Population
1998 2312
1999 2263
2000 2168
2001 2206
2002 2182
2003 2133
Year Population
2004 2110
2005 2063
2006 1991
2007 1953
2008 1917
2009
Reference (from 1994): Thüringer Landesamt für Statistik

References[edit]

External links[edit]