Phek-san (Hokkien POJ)
Bīk-sāan (Cantonese Yale)
|• Mayor||Central Singapore CDC
|• Members of Parliament||Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC
|• Total||7.62 km2 (2.94 sq mi)|
|• Residential||1.72 km2 (0.66 sq mi)|
|• Density||12,000/km2 (30,000/sq mi)|
|• Density rank||15th|
Bishan (//), also known as either Bishan New Town or Bishan Town, is a planning area and matured residential town located at the northernmost portion of the Central Region of Singapore. Statistically, the area is ranked the 38th biggest in terms of geographical size and the 22nd most populated planning area in the country. It is located at the most Central point of Singapore, and is made out of Upper Thomson, Marymount, Shunfu, Sin Ming, Bishan North and Bishan East. There are also many private residential properties in Bishan. This however, makes Bishan ranked 15th in terms of population density. Apart from its boundary with the Central Water Catchment in the west, Bishan borders three other planning areas - Ang Mo Kio to the north, Toa Payoh to the south and Serangoon to the east.
What is now Bishan today was once land that belonged to Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng, a cemetery that mainly served the Cantonese and Hakka communities of Singapore. Following the establishment of the cemetery in 1870, the first human settlements began to appear in the area, forming what eventually became Kampong San Teng. During the Battle of Singapore in 1942, Peck San Theng was the site of a fierce firefight between the invading Japanese forces and the defending British. The subsequent fall of the island to the Japanese that same year eventually made Peck San Theng a place of refuge for most of the Singapore population. In 1973, Peck San Theng stopped accepting burials and six years later following a government lease, land was acquired for development. Graves were then exhumed between 1982 and 1984 paving the way for the construction of Bishan New Town in 1983. Today, Peck San Theng still remains in operation, although it had since been converted into a columbarium.
Bishan New Town became the first in Singapore to depart from the brutalist design seen in most previous Housing and Development Board (HDB) towns. Instead of slab-like residential blocks that were built in uniformed rows, apartment blocks in Bishan varied in height and were often dislocated. Flats within the town also featured pitched roofs which have since become closely associated with the skyline of Bishan. The town is also home to three of Singapore's most prestigious educational institutions, Catholic High School, Raffles Girls' School and Raffles Institution.
Bishan derived its name from the Cantonese term for large burial ground, Peck San Theng (Chinese: 碧山亭; pinyin: bìshāntíng), which literally translates as "pavilions on the green". This term reflects the neighbourhood's origins as a burial ground that was established in 1870 by Cantonese and Hakka immigrants. This burial ground has since been redeveloped and the original graves were relocated to the nearby Peck San Theng Temple.
Bishan Planning Area
Bishan Planning Area, as defined by Singapore's Urban Redevelopment Authority is situated in the Central Region of Singapore, bounded by planning areas of Ang Mo Kio to the north, Toa Payoh to the south and Serangoon to the east.
Bishan New Town sits within this planning area.
|Name of estates||Location||Notable structures||Accessibility|
|Bishan East||Areas along Bishan Street 11, Bishan Street 12 and Bishan Street 13||Bishan MRT station, Bishan Bus Interchange, Bishan Community Library, Junction 8 Shopping Centre, Central Provident Fund Bishan Building, Bishan Neighbourhood Police Post, Bishan Stadium, Bishan Swimming Complex, Bishan Sports Hall, Bishan Community Club, Bishan Depot, The Singapore Scout Association, Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Primary School, Kuo Chuan Presbyterian Secondary School, Guangyang Primary School, Guangyang Secondary School, Masjid An-Nahdhah and Ministry of Education Language Centre (Bishan)||Bishan MRT station and buses|
|Marymount||Areas to the immediate west of Bishan Road||Shunfu HDBs, Wet Market, Hawker Centre Raffles Institution, Catholic High School, Whitley Secondary School, Marymount MRT station, Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park,||Marymount MRT station and buses|
|Upper Thomson||Western Bishan||Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park, Thomson Community Club, Bishan Fire Station, Sin Ming, Thomson Plaza, Peirce Secondary School as well as Bright Hill MRT station and Upper Thomson MRT station||Buses, Upper Thomson MRT station, Bright Hill MRT station|
Peck San Theng cemetery was established in 1870 on the site of present-day Bishan by Cantonese and Hakka immigrants. People began to settle around the cemetery, and Kampong San Theng and Soon Hock Village (which lay within Kampong San Theng grounds), soon grew in size. Singapore Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng, a federation of 16 Cantonese clans in Singapore, managed and ran Kampong San Theng. This settlement grew over time to accommodate nearly 2000 inhabitants at the beginning of the 20th century.
During World War II, the Peck San Theng cemetery became a battle ground between British and Japanese forces. The 2nd Battalion of the Cambridgeshire Regiment had engaged the Japanese forces on 14 February 1942 over the nearby strategically important Macritchie Reservoir. The Japanese also bombed Kampong San Teng, which resulted in significant civilian casualties. The battle ended the next day, 15 February, when the British surrendered to the Japanese. At that point, British troops were still holding out along Braddell Road. During the Japanese Occupation of Singapore, this area became a refuge for people trying to evade the Japanese because the Japanese occupiers were afraid to enter the cemetery.
After the war, the graves of Peck San Theng became a known gangster hideout and gang-related crimes became rife in the area. In 1973, the government ordered the cemetery to be closed and mandated that no fresh burials can be done within the cemetery. The government later acquired this cemetery land from the Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng foundation for SGD$$4.95 million in 1979. As compensation, the government gave 3 hectares of the land back to the foundation for the foundation to build a columbarium. The foundation subsequently built a multi-story columbarium complex on this land.
In the early 1970s, the Housing Development Board (HDB) built the first housing estate which is located at Sin Ming Road along with clusters of industrial sectors. The first blocks of residential flats were numbered Block 22–26, now known as Sin Ming Ville. In late 2021, it was announced that Block 26 Sin Ming Industrial Estate will be demolished to make way for redevelopment.
Sin Ming industrial estate is also known to be a popular destination for matters relating to automotive needs as the estate houses mainly vehicle workshops and establishments specialising in vehicle sales, maintenance, registration as well as inspection. Til date, many of the low rise workshops have since been demolished and relocated to the nearby Sin Ming Autocare and Sin Ming Autocity high rise complexes. Plans are underway for the vacated lands to be redeveloped for residential use.
In addition to Sin Ming Ville, the development of Lakeview Estate was simultaneously completed somewhere in mid 1977. Lakeview Estate was segregated into two segments with fourteen low rise blocks numbered Blocks 1-14 and three high rise flats numbered Blocks 97A, 97B and 97C. The low rise blocks consisted of shophouses and a wet market with food centre located at Block 9 whereas the high rise flats consist of HUDC apartment units. Later in the late 1990s, the low rise segment of Lakeview Estate was demolished and it remains vacant to date.
By the 1980s, the Housing Development Board (HDB) had already begun further expanding the area into a satellite housing estate to meet the rising demand for housing from Singapore's then-growing population. The residents in Kampong San Teng were resettled and a mass exhumation of the 170,000 graves were carried out in 1980. Redevelopment of the area officially started in 1982. On this land, HDB planned to construct 24,600 residential units distributed across 4 distinct neighbourhoods: Bishan East, Bishan North, Bishan West (subsequently renamed Sin Ming Garden Estate in 1988) and Shunfu Estate, of which Bishan East will be the largest. In 2011 after plans to construct the North South Corridor Expressway was announced to ease congestion along Marymount Road and Central Expressway, Marymount Terrace was acquired and later demolished. In 2018, Shunfu Ville HUDC flats were demolished to make way for the Jadescape Condominium project.
The first five blocks of housing units were completed by 1985. There were initial fears of a poor demand for houses in Bishan due to prevailing local superstitions about bad fengshui since they were built on a former cemetery. However, the first batch of houses were all snapped up during their launch to buyers who were attracted by the central location of Bishan.
Bishan Sports Centre, formerly known as Bishan Sports and Recreation Centre, houses sporting facilities such as a sports hall, a stadium, a dance studio and a swimming complex. Managed by Sport Singapore, these sporting facilities cater to both the general public and professional athletes.
Several major national and international level sporting events has been held at the Bishan Sports Centre, including the 2009 Asian Youth Games and the 2010 Youth Olympic Games. Bishan Sports Hall, which serves as the primary venue for gymnastics competitions in Singapore, has hosted gymnastic competitions as part of the 2009 Asian Youth Games, 2010 Youth Olympic Games and the 2015 SEA Games. It is also the venue for national-level gymnastics competition in Singapore. Similarly, the 4,200-seat Bishan Stadium has hosted the athletics and football competitions at the 2010 Youth Olympic Games and the 2015 SEA Games respectively.
Opened in 2008, the Bishan Active park also offers sporting facilities to the residents of Bishan. This 24,000 square metres park houses facilities such as a roller blading track, basketball courts and a beach volleyball court, augmenting the facilities found at the Bishan Sports Centre.
Bishan is connected by road to the rest of Singapore via the Central Expressway, a major expressway connecting Northern parts of Singapore with its city centre. In addition it has its own Mass Rapid Transit (MRT) station, the Bishan MRT station, which is an interchange station on both the North South Line and Circle Line. Bishan also has a bus interchange that provides bus services to other parts of Singapore (such as Changi and Punggol). There are also feeder bus services that operate within the neighbourhood.
The Kallang Park Connector, which begins in Bishan, provides a cycling route between Bishan and the Central Business District along the Kallang River. This 10 km route is the first park connector constructed in Singapore.
Bright Hill MRT station and Upper Thomson MRT station are stations on the Thomson-East Coast MRT Line that provide connection between the Sin Ming and Thomson area of Bishan with the Northern parts and Central Business District of Singapore. The upcoming Cross Island MRT Line will also have a station at Bright Hill MRT station
Bishan currently has 8 commercial areas.
- The Junction 8 Shopping Centre, run by CapitaLand, is situated at Bishan Central near the Bishan MRT station and Bishan Bus Interchange.
- The Bishan North Shopping Mall is a non-airconditioned commercial complex consisting of a wet market and a wide range of shops that specialise in the sale of day-to-day products. Contrary to its name, it is not a shopping mall.
- Thomson Plaza is a shopping centre located at Upper Thomson Road.
- Thomson V One and Two is a residential and commercial complex that comes with a mall featuring shoebox sized retail units on the ground floor and basement levels. The site used to be a wet market.
- Thomson Imperial Court and Sin Ming Plaza, are residential complexes with retail outlets on the ground floor and basement levels. Thomson Imperial Court is built on the site of the now demolished Imperial Theatre.
- Midview City is an industrial and commercial complex located at Sin Ming specialising in a wide range of trades and businesses.
- Jalan Pemimpin Industrial Area is an industrial and commercial area located near to Marymount specialising in a wide range of trades and businesses.
Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park
The riverine Bishan-Ang Mo Kio Park, is situated near the boundary line between Bishan and Ang Mo Kio, located along the stretch of Ang Mo Kio Avenue 1. The Kallang River which channels through the middle of the park, can be crossed via a number of foot bridges and stepping stones. The park also spots ponds and fishing spots, and serves residents from both new towns.
Bishan Park 1 is smaller in area than Bishan Park 2, and is about 1.7 km in length from end to end. A park-spa has been newly built in this park. This park primarily serves walkers in the morning. Bishan Park 1 is more accessible than Bishan Park 2.
Bishan Park 2 sprawls over a larger area than Bishan Park 1 but is only about 1.1 km in length from end to end.
In 1936, the Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng foundation established a village school in the former Kampong San Teng to provide free education to the farming families living in the vicinity. The Kwong Wai Shiu Peck San Theng School (广惠肇碧山亭学校) was initially housed on the foundation's temple premises. Starting with 60 students, the school gradually expanded to the point where it started an afternoon session to cater to the demand. The school had to stop classes during the Japanese occupation of Singapore but lessons soon resumed in 1945. In 1957, the school shifted into a new school compound situated at the entrance of a cemetery compound near Upper Thomson. The new school compound had 6 classrooms and could cater to 450 students in two school sessions. The Kwong Wai Shiu Peck San Theng School was also integrated into Singapore's mainstream education system that year. In 1981, due to changes in Singapore's national educational policy, governmental funding to the school was halted and the Kwong Wai Shiu Peck San Theng School soon closed down.
In addition, the current site of the Amtech Building located at Sin Ming Road also used to house another school known as Shin Min Public School (淡申律公立新民学校) from 1945 to 1986, which had closed due to low enrollment.
Since its redevelopment in the 1980s, Bishan has become home to several educational institutions. According to the Ministry of Education, there are four primary schools and seven secondary schools that are located within Bishan. Raffles Institution, one of the oldest educational institutions in Singapore, has been located in Bishan since 1990. This campus houses both of the institution's secondary and high school sections. Raffles Girls' School has also relocated to the area. Other notable schools located in Bishan include Ai Tong School, a primary school founded by Chinese pioneers in 1912, and Catholic High School, a Special Assistance Plan school that names Singapore Prime Minister Lee Hsien Loong as one of its alumni.
The Bishan campus of the Institute of Technical Education (ITE) was established in 1994 as part of the government's plan to revamp Singapore's vocational education system. It provided vocational courses in subjects such as accountancy and business. In 2005, this campus became part of ITE College Central during a major revamp of the ITE system. This campus was subsequently closed in 2012 and relocated to the new ITE College Central mega-campus in Ang Mo Kio. The old facilities of ITE Bishan currently serve as a temporary holding site for schools which are undergoing renovation.
In addition to mainstream schools, a campus of the Ministry of Education Language Centre (MOELC), where students get to learn additional foreign languages such as French and German, is located in Bishan. The Singapore branches of the Girl Guides Association and the Scouts Association are also headquartered in Bishan.
Other than schools ranging from primary to tertiary, there are also nurseries and kindergartens scattered across Bishan estate.
The town is a mixture of three, four and five-room HDB flats. The majority of the flats are four-room-ed, with a few being five and three. Some has balconies. Some are penthouse mansionettes. Block numbers starting with 1 as the first digit, are generally smaller and more connected with the town center. Blocks numbers with 2 as the first digit, are more spread out and generally larger in size. However, even blocks numbers starting with 2 are further categorised;25_ tend to be the largest flats in the whole estate, with flat sizes ranging from 1650sq feet to 1700sq feet, one of the largest HDB flats in Singapore. Other numbers tend to be smaller and are usually from 1300sq feet to 1500sq feet. Sin Ming Ville (Block 22-26) is excluded from this category.
There are also various condominiums in Bishan including the Sky Habitat, Clover by the Park and Country Grandeur.
As is with Serangoon New Town, it was built in an area with a large extent of pre-existing private housing, resulting in a disjointed town layout. The oldest public housing blocks were located around Upper Thomson as housing for the surrounding industrial estate. When the area was designated as a new town, the main housing area was built in the vicinity of Bishan MRT station, with neighbourhoods built in Bishan North and Shunfu. Newer blocks were also built in Upper Thomson, while the old blocks were refurbished.
The entirely of Bishan area were under the jurisdiction of the four-member, previously five, Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC as of the 1997 Singaporean general election, where it was belong to the ruling People's Action Party. The party's first contest was in the 2011 Singaporean general election where the incumbent team led by then-Deputy Prime Minister Wong Kan Seng defeated then-Potong Pasir SMC and Singapore People's Party secretary-general Chiam See Tong. Ahead of the 2020 Singaporean general election, incumbent MP Josephine Teo's division was carved into the new Marymount SMC while Teo went on to helm the neighbouring Jalan Besar GRC. As of the election, the MPs for the area were Chee Hong Tat (overseas eastern Thomson), Chong Kee Hiong (most of Thomson, Shun Fu and east Bishan) and Gan Siow Huang (north Bishan, under the Marymount SMC).
- Cornelius, Vernon (20 January 2005). "Singapore Infopedia: Bishan". National Library Board, Singapore. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Singapore Infopedia - Development guide plan". National Library Board. Archived from the original on 3 January 2018. Retrieved 4 April 2016.
- "City Population - statistics, maps and charts - Bishan". Archived from the original on 6 December 2015. Retrieved 30 December 2015.
- "HDB Key Statistics FY 2014/2015". Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 July 2017.
- "Statistics Singapore - Geographic Distribution - 2018 Latest Data". Archived from the original on 30 January 2016. Retrieved 11 February 2019.
- "STATISTICS SINGAPORE - Map of Planning Areas/Subzones in Singapore" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 8 April 2015. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Singapore Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng. Bishan Heritage Trail (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 April 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- Zhuo, Tee (14 June 2015). "Bishan was site of bloody WWII battle". The Straits Times. Singapore. Archived from the original on 17 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Bishan Heritage Trail: History". Bishan Heritage Trail project. Retrieved 20 July 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Govt acquires site for housing scheme to link Toa Payoh, Ang Mo Kio estates". The Straits Times. 30 April 1979. Archived from the original on 29 March 2016. Retrieved 30 March 2016.
- "Bishan Heritage Trail: Education". Bishan Heritage Trail project. Retrieved 17 July 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Bishan District Guide". Streetdirectory.com. Archived from the original on 29 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- Victor R Savage, Brenda S A Yeoh (2003), Toponymics – A Study of Singapore Street Names, Eastern Universities Press, ISBN 981-210-205-1
- "Spanking new Bishan has no identity problem". The Straits Times. Singapore. 13 August 1987.
- "Police Raid Lair, Seize Weapons". The Straits Times. Singapore. 23 August 1960.
- "Samsu gang crippled by Customs". New Nation. Singapore. 31 October 1974.
- "Century old cemetery ordered to close". The Straits Times. Singapore. 14 September 1973.
- Wee, Paul (30 April 1979). "Govt acquires site for housing scheme to link Toa Payoh, Ang Mo Kio estates". The Straits Times. Singapore.
- "$4.9m compensation". The Straits Times. Singapore. 11 June 1980.
- Leong Weng Kam (29 April 1985). "'Condo' tor the dead". The Straits Times. Singapore.
- "HDB prepares for challenges ahead". Singapore Monitor. Singapore. 13 October 1984.
- "First few newly-built Bishan blocks snapped up". The Straits Times. Singapore. 28 May 1985.
- "Bishan West's new name". The Straits Times. Singapore. 17 April 1988.
- "Bishan Sports Centre on Time Out Singapore". Time Out. 10 March 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Bishan Sports Centre on Sports Singapore". Sports Singapore. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Asian Youth Games". National Library Board, Singapore. 29 September 2009. Archived from the original on 6 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "SYOG 2010 Report: Key Statistics" (PDF). Ministry of Social and Family Development. 29 September 2009. Retrieved 5 July 2015.[permanent dead link]
- "Road closures at Bishan Sports Centre and Jalan Besar Stadium during SEA Games". The Straits Times. 28 May 2015. Archived from the original on 5 July 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "S'pore national gymnast on gruelling schedule that keeps her in shape". The Straits Times. asiaone. 14 June 2014. Archived from the original on 19 May 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Gymnastics hope for monetary boost". The New Paper. asiaone. 19 March 2013. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "Football: Bishan as back-up?". The New Paper. asiaone. 25 October 2014. Archived from the original on 4 February 2019. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "$1.8 mil sports hub opens in Bishan". The Straits Times. asiaone. 24 August 2008. Archived from the original on 15 March 2016. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "$1.7 Million Dollar Sports Venue to Promote Healthy Lifestyle in Bishan-Toa Payoh GRC" (PDF). Bishan-Toa Payoh Town Council. 7 January 2004. Archived (PDF) from the original on 23 September 2015. Retrieved 5 July 2015.
- "SBS Interchanges and Terminals". 4=SBS Transit Ltd. Archived from the original on 26 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Bishan to CBD on a bicycle?". The Straits Times. asiaone. 1 July 2015. Archived from the original on 4 July 2015. Retrieved 4 July 2015.
- "New Thomson MRT line to open in 2019". Asiaone. 29 August 2012. Archived from the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng: History". Kwong Wai Siew Peck San Theng Foundation (in Chinese). 2012. Archived from the original on 17 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- Wong, Grace (7 January 1981). "Educator recalls old days". The Straits Times. Singapore.
- "Shin Min Public School in Thomson, circa 1971". NLB. Archived from the original on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
- "List of Primary Schools by Planning Area". Ministry of Education, Singapore. Archived from the original on 30 June 2015. Retrieved 28 June 2015.
- "Key Information on Schools" (PDF). Ministry of Education, Singapore. Archived from the original (PDF) on 3 September 2013. Retrieved 2015-06-28.
- "Raffles Institution on Infopedia". National Library Board, Singapore. 21 December 2004. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Filiae Melioris Ævi: Meeting the Sons of Singapore". Raffles Press. Archived from the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 25 November 2015.
- "Speech by Lui Tuck Yew, Minister of State, Ministry of Education, at Ai Tong School's 95th Anniversary Celebration Dinner". Ministry of Education, Singapore. 12 October 2007. Archived from the original on 25 November 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- Wong, Grace (21 August 1985). "Educator recalls old days". The Straits Times. Singapore.
- "History". MOE. Archived from the original on 2 May 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- "To merge in January 2018". CNA. Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 4 March 2016.
- "Institute of Technical Education on Infopedia". National Library Board, Singapore. 31 August 2011. Archived from the original on 19 September 2015. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "Location of ITE Colleges" (PDF). Institute of Technical Education. 2010. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- Ng, Gwendolyn (31 October 2012). "New mega campus set to change public's view of ITE". my paper. Singapore: Asiaone. Archived from the original on 22 March 2016. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- Lee, Pearl (28 May 2015). "MOE mulling over Bishan interim JC site". The Straits Times. Singapore: Asiaone. Retrieved 2 August 2015.
- "MOE Language Centre to Offer Spanish as a Third Language from January 2014". 26 May 2012. Archived from the original on 20 July 2015. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
- "New Junior College to be named Eunoia JC". Channel News Asia. Archived from the original on 2 January 2016. Retrieved 12 January 2016.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bishan.|