Bishop's Bridge

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Bishops Bridge
Paddington Bridge1.jpg
Both bridges on the 24 October 2005, viewed from Paddington station. The original cast-iron bridge has been jacked-up to allow construction of its concrete replacement to proceed below
Coordinates 51°31′6.5″N 0°10′46.4″W / 51.518472°N 0.179556°W / 51.518472; -0.179556
Carries Bishop's Bridge Road - A4206 road (Great Britain)
Crosses
Locale Paddington, London
Preceded by Westbourne Bridge
Characteristics
Material
  • Cast iron (1839-2005)
  • Concrete (2005 -)
History
Construction end 1839
Rebuilt 2005
Bishops Bridge is located in Central London
Bishops Bridge
Bishops Bridge
Location in Central London

Bishop's Bridge, sometimes known as Paddington Bridge, is a road bridge in the Paddington district of London which carries Bishop's Bridge Road across the rail approaches to Paddington Station and across the adjacent Paddington Arm of the Grand Union Canal. Replacement of Brunel's historic original bridge was undertaken by Hochtief for reopening on 14 June 2006.[1] The name Bishop's Bridge Road comes from the manor of Paddington which was granted to the Bishop of London, Nicholas Ridley, by Edward VI in the mid 16th Century.

Brunel's first iron bridge[edit]

A GWR 4073 Class locomotive waits waits to depart, adjacent to Brunel's cast-iron bridge (April 1962)

In 2003 while researching a book about the station, Steven Brindle, Inspector of Ancient Monuments for English Heritage (London region), discovered that Isambard Kingdom Brunel was responsible for the original Bishop's Bridge,[2] and that the section he built over the canal was his first iron bridge and had a unique design. The bulb-headed cast iron girders used in this bridge would have an influence on the much longer wrought iron girders he would later develop in his balloon flange pattern.

Unaware that they were intending to replace the bridge, by the time Brindle contacted Westminster City Council, their planning of the replacement project was at an advanced stage, with the main contract due to be signed the following week, and demolition due to take place 10 months later.

Investigations determined that the canal section of Brunel's 1839 bridge had survived, as rebuilding work in 1906 had merely obscured it and caused it to be forgotten. Negotiations between the council and English Heritage followed, and it was agreed that the 1839 iron bridge would be dismantled with a view to future reconstruction.[3] The bulk of the dismantling work took place in April 2004, allowing the bridge replacement work to proceed as planned.

An application for planning permission to reconstruct the original iron bridge 200 yards along the canal was submitted in April 2006.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bishop's Bridge Replacement". Always Touch Out. 2007-01-28. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  2. ^ Brindle, Steven (2006). "Brunel's Paddington Bridge: The discovery and saving of the Paddington Canal Bridge". Paddington Waterways and Maida Vale Society. Retrieved 2008-08-31. 
  3. ^ Russell, Helena (28 May 2004). "Paddington bare". Bridge Design & Engineering. Archived from the original on 16 May 2008. Retrieved 31 August 2008. 

External links[edit]