Bishop Auckland (UK Parliament constituency)
for the House of Commons
|Population||87,143 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||68,501 (December 2010)|
|Major settlements||Bishop Auckland, Shildon|
|Member of Parliament||Dehenna Davison (Conservative)|
|Number of members||One|
|Created from||South Durham|
Formed in 1885,[n 3] the seat has the market town Bishop Auckland which has a mixed modern and historic high street, the similarly sized Barnard Castle and large areas used for agriculture, particularly hill farming on the rolling landscape that cuts into the Pennines with substantial livestock. Most housing, many small towns and most facilities were built in the prosperous era of coal mining which brought thousands of workers to live in Bishop Auckland town and neighbouring settlements. Manufacturing, including food processing and packaging, public sector employment, retail and agriculture are the main employers.
Within the seat are Auckland Castle and Park, Lartington Hall, Windlestone Hall, Raby Castle, Binchester Roman Fort (Vinovia), The Bowes Museum, and enclosures and industrial workings on Cockfield Fell.
History of modern results
From 1935 to 2017 inclusive, the seat's voters returned MPs from the Labour Party; the former Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer Hugh Dalton, was the MP for Bishop Auckland from 1929 to 1931, and after regaining the seat in 1935, remained an MP until 1959. The 2019 result returned a Conservative; the party's results had shown an increase from election to election from 1997 onwards.
1885–1918: Part of the Sessional Division of Bishop Auckland.
1918–1950: The Urban Districts of Bishop Auckland and Shildon, and part of the Rural District of Auckland.
1950–1955: The Urban Districts of Barnard Castle, Bishop Auckland, and Shildon, and the Rural District of Barnard Castle.
1955–1974: The Urban Districts of Barnard Castle and Bishop Auckland, the Urban District of Shildon except the part of the Middridge ward transferred to the Rural District of Darlington by the County of Durham (Parish of Great Aycliffe) Confirmation Order 1952, and the Rural District of Barnard Castle.
1974–1983: The Urban Districts of Barnard Castle, Bishop Auckland, and Shildon, and the Rural Districts of Barnard Castle and Darlington.
1983–1997: The District of Wear Valley wards of Bishop Auckland Town, Cockton Hill, Coundon, Coundon Grange, Escomb, Henknowle, St Helen's, West Auckland, and Woodhouse Close, the District of Teesdale, and the District of Sedgefield wards of Byerley, Middridge, Neville, Shafto, Simpasture, Sunnydale, Thickley, West, and Woodham.
1997–2010: The District of Wear Valley wards of Bishop Auckland Town, Cockton Hill, Coundon, Coundon Grange, Escomb, Henknowle, St Helen's, West Auckland, and Woodhouse Close, the District of Teesdale, and the District of Sedgefield wards of Byerley, Low Spennymoor and Tudhoe Grange, Middlestone, Spennymoor, Sunnydale, Thickley, and Tudhoe.
2010–present: The District of Wear Valley wards of Bishop Auckland Town, Cockton Hill, Coundon, Shildon and Dene Valley, Escomb, Henknowle, West Auckland, and Woodhouse Close, the District of Teesdale, and the District of Sedgefield wards of Byerley, Low Spennymoor and Tudhoe Grange, Middlestone, Spennymoor, Sunnydale, Thickley, and Tudhoe.
The constituency is located in an upland, southern part of County Durham in the North East of England. On a more local level it was formed of the whole of the former Teesdale district, parts of former Wear Valley district and the former Sedgefield borough. The constituency includes as its major settlements the towns of Barnard Castle, Middleton-in-Teesdale, Bishop Auckland, Shildon, Spennymoor and its contiguous suburb village, Tudhoe, with their surrounding villages, dales and fields.
Members of Parliament
Elections in the 2010s
|Brexit Party||Nicholas Brown||2,500||5.6||New|
|Liberal Democrats||Ray Georgeson||2,133||4.8||+2.1|
|Conservative gain from Labour||Swing||+9.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Ciaran Morrissey||1,176||2.7||–1.7|
|Liberal Democrats||Stephen White||1,723||4.4||–18.0|
|Liberal Democrats||Mark Wilkes||9,189||22.3||−1.3|
|Local Liberals People Before Politics||Sam Zair||1,964||4.8||New|
Elections in the 2000s
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Foote Wood||9,018||23.7||+8.0|
|Conservative||Fiona P. McNish||8,754||22.7||+2.5|
|Liberal Democrats||Chris Foote Wood||6,073||15.7||+6.4|
|Green||Carl D. Bennett||1,052||2.7||New|
Elections in the 1990s
|Conservative||Josephine H. Fergus||9,295||20.2||−11.6|
|Liberal Democrats||Les Ashworth||4,293||9.3||−8.9|
|Referendum||David S.W. Blacker||2,104||4.6||New|
|Conservative||David R. Williamson||17,676||31.8||−3.0|
|Liberal Democrats||William P. Wade||10,099||18.2||+1.0|
Elections in the 1980s
Elections in the 1970s
|Conservative||Tom J. Wiseman||13,769||39.3||+4.1|
Elections in the 1960s
|Conservative||Jeremy Vivian Ropner||11,936||35.2||−3.0|
|Conservative||Jeremy Vivian Ropner||13,782||38.2||+4.3|
Elections in the 1950s
|Conservative||Neil W. Murray||13,377||33.9||−8.4|
|Conservative||Robert Douglas M Youngson||15,959||42.3||+2.8|
|Conservative||Bruce Lionel Butcher||16,895||39.5||+7.9|
Elections in the 1940s
|National Liberal||William John Wilson Tily||11,240||35.9||New|
Elections in the 1930s
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
|National Liberal||Aaron Curry||17,551||51.4||New|
|National Liberal gain from Labour||Swing|
Elections in the 1920s
|National Liberal||Egbert Atherley-Jones||12,019||46.3||New|
Elections in the 1910s
|C||National Liberal||Godfrey Vick||7,417||37.3||New|
|Labour gain from Liberal||Swing|
|C indicates candidate endorsed by the coalition government.|
Election results 1885-1918
Elections in the 1880s
|Liberal||James Mellor Paulton||5,907||72.2|
|Conservative||Marmaduke D'Arcy Wyvill||2,280||27.8|
|Liberal win (new seat)|
|Liberal||James Mellor Paulton||Unopposed|
Elections in the 1890s
|Liberal||James Mellor Paulton||5,784||68.9||N/A|
|Liberal||James Mellor Paulton||5,032||57.4||-11.5|
|Conservative||Gervase Edward Markham||3,735||42.6||+11.5|
Elections in the 1900s
|Liberal||James Mellor Paulton||4,872||57.2||−0.2|
|Conservative||William Hustler Hopkins||3,641||42.8||+0.2|
|Liberal||James Mellor Paulton||7,430||70.9||+13.7|
|Conservative||Gervase Edward Markham||3,056||29.1||−13.7|
Elections in the 1910s
|Conservative||Sir Walter Clervaux Chaytor, 5th Baronet||3,841||30.0||+0.9|
|Conservative||Gervase Edward Markham||3,519||29.2||−0.8|
General Election 1914–15:
Another General Election was required to take place before the end of 1915. The political parties had been making preparations for an election to take place and by July 1914, the following candidates had been selected;
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