Roman Catholic Archdiocese of Barcelona

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Archdiocese of Barcelona
Archidioecesis Barcinonensis
Archidiócesis de Barcelona (Spanish)
Arxidiòcesi de Barcelona (Catalan)
Sta-eulalia.jpg
Location
Country Spain
Ecclesiastical province Barcelona
Statistics
Area 339 km2 (131 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2013)
2,661,538
2,119,915 (79.6%)
Parishes 214
Information
Rite Roman Rite
Cathedral Catedral Basílica Metropolitana de Santa Creu i Santa Eulàlia
(Metropolitan Cathedral-Basilica of the Holy Cross and Saint Eulalia)
Patron saint Virgin of Mercy
Secular priests 862
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Metropolitan Archbishop Juan José Omella Omella
Auxiliary Bishops Sebastián Taltavull Anglada
Map
Diocesisdebarcelona.png
Website
Website of the Archdiocese

The Archdiocese of Barcelona is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in northeastern Spain and the metropolitan see of the ecclesiastical province of Barcelona which includes the suffragan dioceses of Sant Feliu de Llobregat and Terrassa.

The current Archbishop of Barcelona is Juan José Omella Omella, appointed by Pope Francis on 6 November 2015.

History[edit]

While local tradition and catalogues date back the first bishop, San Eteri, considered a disciple of Saint James the Great, to the very first Apostles, historical evidence seems to be undisputed from the third century onwards, when bishop Pretextat attended the Council of Sardica in 343. During the Visigothic Kingdom, Barcelona became one of the fourteen dioceses of the ecclesiastic province of Tarragona. After the Christian fall in 712, a long sede vacante was ended not before 850, when bishop Joan took office, and the diocese became subjugated to the Carolingian See of Narbonne.

During the Reconquista, bishop Oleguer was called to the archepiscopal see of Tarragona, which he took in 1017, though being granted to keep his Barcelonan see as well, reigning 1114–1137. Barcelona became suffragan to Tarragona once again, and stayed so for the following centuries. Its bishops got used to live in the pontifical or royal courts instead of the city, until bishop Jaume Caçador inducted reforms according to the Council of Trent amidst the 16th century. Disregarding another year-lasting de facto sede vacante from 1808 to 1814 during the Napoleonic Wars, Barcelona and its diocese kept on grewing richer and more powerful.

On 25 March 1964 Pope Paul VI elevated the Diocese of Barcelona to the level of an Archdiocese. However, it has only had the status of a Metropolitan Archdiocese since 2004, when Pope John Paul II dismembered its territory into the Archdiocese of Barcelona and the two new suffraganes of Sant Feliu de Llobregat and Terrassa together with the appointment of Archbishop Sistach. [1]

Leadership[edit]

Earliest bishops according to local tradition[edit]

The Catholic Encyclopedia states that “The See of Barcelona, unlike most very ancient sees, whose origins are obscure, has preserved catalogues of its bishops from Apostolic times, and although all the names given cannot be admitted as authentic, the greater number are handed down in all the catalogues.”[2] The list includes:[3]

  • Eterius (San Eteri) (considered a disciple of Saint James the Great, 37 AD)
  • Saint Theodosius (San Teodosi) (94 AD)
  • Aulus Victor (Aulo Víctor) (139 AD)
  • Actius
  • Theolycus (Teolicus)
Severus is considered to have occupied the see around 304 AD.
  • Alexander I (Alexandre I)
  • Lucius (Luci)
  • Totxa
  • Deodatus I (Deodat I)
  • Theodoric (Teodoric)
  • Deodatus II (Deodat II)
  • Peneguardus (Peneguardo)
  • Pusio
  • Alexander II (Alexandre II)
  • Albert
  • Armengald
  • Gandimar
  • William (Guillem)
  • St. Severus (San(t) Sever) (c. 290–304). A native of the city, martyr of the Diocletian persecution.

Early bishops (for whom documentation exists)[edit]

St. Pacian
  • Nundinari (c. 450–463)
  • Ireneus (Ireneu) (c. 463–465)
  • Berengari
  • Agrici (after 516)
  • St. Nebridius (Nebridi) (c. 540)
  • Paternus (Patern) (c. 546).
  • Ugno (c. 589–599)
  • Emila (c. 610–633)
  • Severus II (Sever II) (c. 633–636)
  • Oia (c. 636–638)
  • Quiricus (Quirze) (c. 640–666), later bishop of Toledo
  • Idalaci (c. 667–689)
  • Laülf (c. 689–702)

Medieval Period[edit]

  • John (Joan) (around 850)
Bishop of Barcelona Berenguer de Palou II (seated) with James I of Aragon
  • Ataulfus (Ataülf) (c. 850–860).
  • Frodoí (c. 861–890).
  • Theodoric (Teodoric) (c. 904–937).
  • Guilara (c. 937–959).
  • Pere (c. 962–973)
  • Vives (974–995)
  • Aeci (995–1010)
  • Deusdat (1010–1029)
  • Guadall Domnuç (1029–1035)
  • Guislabert (1035–1062)
  • Berenguer (1062–1069)
  • Humbert (Umbert) (1069–1085).
  • Bertram (Bertran) (1086–1096).
  • Fulk II of Cardona (Folc II de Cardona) (1096–1099)
  • Berenguer Bernat (1100–1106).
  • Ramon Guillem (1107–1114).
  • St. Olegarius (Sant Oleguer) (1114–1137).
  • Arnau Ermengol (1137–1143)
  • Guillem de Torroja (1144–1171)
  • Bernat de Berga (1172–1188)
  • Ramon de Castellvell (1189–1199)
  • Berenguer de Palou I (1200–1206)
  • Pere de Cirac (1208–1211)
Arnau de Gurb was bishop during the mid- to late thirteenth century.

In the twelfth century the diocese was restored by Ramon Berenguer, Count of Barcelona.

  • Berenguer de Palou II (1212–1241)
  • Pere de Centelles (1241–1252)
  • Arnau de Gurb (Arnoldo de Guerbo) (1252–1284)
  • Guerau de Gualba (1284–1285)
  • Bernat Pelegrí (1288–1300)
  • Pontius de Gualba (Ponç de Gualba) (1303–1334)
  • Ferrer d'Abella (1335–1344)
  • Bernat Oliver (1345–1346)
  • Miguel de Ricomá (1346–1361)
  • Guillem de Torrelles (1361–1369)
  • Berenguer d’Erill (1369–1371)
  • Pere de Planelles
  • Ramon d’Escales (1386–1398)
  • Joan Armengol (1389–1408)
  • Francesc de Blanes (1409–1410)
  • Francesc Climent (Sapera)
  • Andreu Bertrán (1416–1420; 1431–1433)
  • Simó Salvador (1433–1445)
  • Jaume Girard (1445–1456)
  • Juan Soler (1456–1463)
  • Fra Juan Jiménez Cerdá (1465–1472)
  • Rodrigo Borgia (Rodrigo de Borja) (1472–1478)
  • Gonzalo Fernández de Heredia (1478–1490)
  • Pedro García (1490–1505)[4]

List of Bishops and Archbishops of Barcelona since 1505[edit]

  • Enrique de Cardona y Enríquez (18 Apr 1505 - 23 Jan 1512 Appointed, Archbishop of Monreale)
  • Martín García (27 Aug 1511 - 7 Mar 1521 Died)
  • Guillén-Ramón de Vich y de Valterra (20 Mar 1521 - 27 Jul 1525 Died)
  • Silvio Passerini (28 Jun 1525 - 20 Apr 1529 Died)
  • Luis Cardona (27 Aug 1529 - 23 Jan 1531 Appointed, Archbishop of Tarragona)
  • Juan Cardona (15 Feb 1531 - 1 Feb 1546 Died)
  • Jaime Casador (17 May 1546 - 4 Jun 1561 Died)
  • Guillermo Casador (4 Jun 1561 - 13 Nov 1570 Died)
  • Martín Martínez de Villar (3 Mar 1573 - 14 Dec 1575 Died)
  • Juan Dimas Loris (4 Jul 1576 - 8 Aug 1598 Died)
  • Alfonso Coloma Sa (27 Sep 1599 - 13 Jan 1603 Appointed, Bishop of Cartagena (en España))
  • Rafael Rovirola (18 Feb 1604 - 12 Oct 1609 Died)
  • Juan de Moncada (22 Mar 1610 - 30 Jul 1612 Appointed, Archbishop of Tarragona)
  • Luis Sans y Códol (20 Aug 1612 - 23 Feb 1620 Died)
  • Juan Sentís (20 Jul 1620 - 7 Oct 1632 Died)
  • García Gil Manrique (28 Nov 1633 - 1655 Died)
  • Ramón Sentmenat y Lanuza (25 Oct 1655 - 11 Feb 1663 Died)
  • Alfonso de Sotomayor, O. de M. (9 Jun 1664 - 10 Jun 1682 Died)
  • Benito Ignacio Salazar Goiri, O.S.B. (11 Jan 1683 - 23 Sep 1692 Died)
  • Manuel de Alba (24 Aug 1693 - 22 Apr 1697 Died)
  • Benito de Sala y de Caramany, O.S.B. (24 Nov 1698 - 2 Jul 1715 Died)
  • Diego de Astorga y Céspedes (30 Mar 1716 - 22 Jul 1720 Appointed, Archbishop of Toledo)
  • Andrés de Orbe y Larreátegui (16 Dec 1720 - 18 Apr 1725 Appointed, Archbishop of Valencia)
  • Bernardo Jiménez Cascante (11 Jun 1725 - 13 Dec 1730 Died)
  • Gaspar de Molina y Oviedo, O.S.A. (18 Jun 1731 - 5 May 1734 Appointed, Bishop of Malaga)
  • Felipe Aguado y Requejo (30 Aug 1734 - 3 Nov 1737 Died)
  • Francisco Castillo Vintimilla (22 Jul 1738 - 31 Jul 1747 Appointed, Bishop of Jaén)
  • Francisco Díaz Santos y Bullón (1 Apr 1748 - 25 May 1750 Appointed, Bishop of Sigüenza)
  • Manuel López Aguirre (22 Jul 1750 - 7 Feb 1754 Died)
  • Asensio Sales (16 Dec 1754 - 17 Jan 1766 Died)
  • José Climent Avinent (21 Jul 1766 - 16 Aug 1775 Resigned)
  • Gavino Valladares y Mejía, O. Carm. (11 Sep 1775 - 13 Feb 1794 Died)
  • Eustaquio Azara, O.S.B. (12 Sep 1794 - 24 Jun 1797 Died)
  • Pedro Díaz Valdés (14 Sep 1798 - 15 Nov 1807 Died)
  • Pablo Sitjar Ruata (16 Mar 1808 Confirmed - 21 Aug 1831 Died)
  • Pedro Martínez de San Martín (15 Apr 1833 Confirmed - 24 Mar 1849 Died)
  • José Domingo Costa y Borrás (7 Jan 1850 Confirmed - 3 Aug 1857 Confirmed, Archbishop of Tarragona)
  • Antonio Palau y Termes (25 Sep 1857 Confirmed - 8 Jul 1862 Died)
  • Pantaleón Monserrat y Navarro (1 Oct 1863 - 21 Jul 1870 Died)
  • Joaquín Lluch y Garriga, O.C.D. (16 Jan 1874 - 22 Jun 1877 Confirmed, Archbishop of Sevilla)
  • José María de Urquinaona y Vidot (15 Jul 1878 - 31 Mar 1883 Died)
  • Jaime Catalá y Albosa (9 Aug 1883 - 1 Mar 1899 Died)
  • José Morgades y Gili (19 Jun 1899 - 8 Jan 1901 Died)
  • Salvador Casañas y Pagés (18 Apr 1901 - 27 Oct 1908 Died)
  • Juan José Laguarda y Fenollera (29 Apr 1909 Confirmed - 4 Dec 1913 Died)
  • Enrique Reig y Casanova (28 May 1914 - 22 Apr 1920 Appointed, Archbishop of Valencia)
  • Ramón Guillamet y Coma (22 Apr 1920 - 14 Apr 1926 Died)
  • José Miralles y Sbert (14 Apr 1926 - 13 Mar 1930 Appointed, Bishop of Mallorca)
  • Manuel Irurita y Almándoz (13 Mar 1930 - 3 Dec 1936 Died)
  • Gregorio Modrego y Casaus (30 Dec 1942 - 7 Jan 1967 Retired)
  • Marcelo González Martín (7 Jan 1967 - 3 Dec 1971 Appointed, Archbishop of Toledo)
  • Narciso Jubany Arnau (3 Dec 1971 - 23 Mar 1990 Retired)
  • Ricardo María Carles Gordó (23 Mar 1990 - 15 Jun 2004 Retired)
  • Lluís Martínez Sistach (15 Jun 2004 - 6 Nov 2015 Retired)
  • Juan José Omella Omella (6 Nov 2015 - )

Suffragan dioceses[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Dr. Josep Maria Martí Bonet: Historia de la Diócesis de Barcelona del s. IV al s. XXI, Arquebisbat de Barcelona. Retrieved on 2010-11-15.
  2. ^ CATHOLIC ENCYCLOPEDIA: Barcelona
  3. ^ Episcopologi
  4. ^ Catholic Hierarchy: "Bishop Pedro Garcia" retrieved January 30, 2016

External links[edit]


Coordinates: 41°23′02″N 2°10′35″E / 41.38389°N 2.17639°E / 41.38389; 2.17639