Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayonne, Lescar and Oloron

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Diocese of Bayonne, Lescar, and Oloron
Dioecesis Baionensis, Lascurrensis et Oloronensis
  • Diocèse de Bayonne, Lescar et Oloron
  • Baionako, Leskarreko eta Oloroeko elizbarrutia
Bayonne Cathédrale.JPG
Location
Country  France
Ecclesiastical province Bordeaux
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Bordeaux
Statistics
Area 7,644 km2 (2,951 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2012)
669,300
570,000 (85.2%)
Parishes 69
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established United: 22 June 1909
Cathedral Cathedral of Notre Dame in Bayonne
Patron saint Blessed Virgin Mary Assumed in Heaven
Secular priests 279 (diocesan)
123 (religious Orders)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop Marc Aillet
Metropolitan Archbishop Cardinal Jean-Pierre Ricard
Emeritus Bishops Pierre Molères Bishop Emeritus (1986-2008)
Website

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Bayonne, Lescar, and Oloron (Latin: Dioecesis Baionensis, Lascurrensis et Oloronensis; French: Diocèse de Bayonne, Lescar et Oloron; Basque: Baionako, Leskarreko eta Oloroeko elizbarrutia) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic church in France. The diocese comprises the Department of Pyrénées-Atlantiques, in the Region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine.

Reorganized in 1802, it included, besides certain parishes of the Diocese of Dax and Tarbes, the Diocese of Oloron and Lescar. It was suffragan to the Archiepiscopal See of Toulouse from 1802 to 1822, thereafter to the Archiepiscopal See of Auch. Since the reorganization of the ecclesiastical structure of the Church in France by Pope John Paul II on 8 December 2002, the diocese of Bayonne-Lescar-Oloron has been suffragan to the Archbishop of Bordeaux.[1]

In World War I, 560 priests and seminarians were mobilized from the diocese of Bayonne, 50 of whom died. In 1921 there were 40 Deaneries and 507 parishes.[2] The diocese is now divided into 69 'new parishes'. There is currently one priest for every 1,417 Catholics.

History[edit]

Local tradition maintains that St. Leo (it), the martyr, with whose memory is associated a miraculous fountain, was the first Bishop of Bayonne; but Leo was a priest of the third quarter of the ninth century, and his hagiographies insist that he had been Archbishop of Rouen before travelling to Bayonne. As Honoré Fisquet puts it succinctly, these lives have nothing really authentic in them.[3]

No bishop is historically known prior to the sixth century, although some think that Bayonne, designated as civitas in the Treaty of Andelot (587), must have had a bishop at that time, whilst others couple the foundation of the See of Bayonne with the establishment of the Kingdom of Aquitaine (778). The southern boundary of the see, from about this period, was marked by a series of crosses high in the Pyrenees, of which the southernmost and most famous was Charles's Cross.

Until 1566, the Diocese of Bayonne included much Spanish territory, i.e. the four Archpresbyteries of Baztan, Lerin, Bortziria in Navarre, and Hondarribia in Guipuzcoa, a remnant of Charlemagne's conquests beyond the Pyrenees.

Bishops of Bayonne[edit]

to 1200[edit]

  • c. 840: Sedulius
  • c. 900?: Saint Léon I.
  • c. 980: Arsius
  • 1025–1057: Raymond I. le Vieux (also Bishop of Oloron and Lescar)
  • 1059–1063: Raymond II. le Jeune
  • c. 1065: Wilhelm I.
  • c. 1090–c. 1119: Bernard I. d'Astarac
  • c. 1120: Garsias I.
  • 1122–1125: Raymond III. de Martres
  • 1126–1137: Arnaud I. Loup de Benabat
  • 1137–1149: Arnaud II. Formatel
  • 1150–1170: Fortaner
  • 1170–1178: Pierre I. Bertrand d'Espelette
  • 1179–1184: Adhémar
  • 1185–1206: Bernard II. de Lacarre

1200 to 1400[edit]

  • c. 1207: Arsivus de Navailles
  • 1213–1224: Raymond IV. de Luc
  • 1225–1229: Guillaume II. de Donzac
  • 1230–1233: Pierre II. Bertrand de Sault
  • 1233–1257: Raymond V. de Donzac
  • 1259–1278: Sanz de Uaïtze
  • 1279–1302: Dominique de Manx
  • 1303–1308: Arnaud III. Raymond de Mont
  • 1309–1314: Pierre III. de Marenne
  • 1315–1316: Bernard III. de Brèle
  • 1316–1318: Pierre IV. de Maslac
  • 1318–1356: Pierre V. de Saint-Johan
  • 1356–1361: Guillaume III. du Pin
  • 1362–1369: Guillaume IV. de Saint-Johan
  • 1371–1381: Pierre VI. d'Oriach
  • 1382–1392: Barthélémy de La Rivière
  • 1393–1405: Garsias II. Menendez

1400 to 1600[edit]

  • 1407–1415: Pierre VII. du Bernet
  • 1416–1417: Pierre VIII. de Mauloc
  • 1417–1444: Guillaume V. Arnaud de Laborde
  • 1444–1454: Garsias III. Arnaud de Lasègue
  • 1454–1466: Jean I. de Mareuil
  • 1466–1483: Jean II. de Laur
  • 1484–1504: Jean III. de La Barrière
  • 1504–1519: Bertrand I. de Lahet
  • 1520–1524: Hector d'Ailly de Rochefort
  • 12. February 1524 to 16. September 1532: Jean du Bellay
  • 1532–1551: Etienne de Poncher
  • 1551–1565: Jean V. Dufresne de Moustiers
  • 1566–1579: Jean VI. de Sossiondo
  • 1579–1593: Jacques Maury

1600 to 1800[edit]

since 1800[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ David M. Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy, Diocese of Bayonne (-Lescar e Oloron). Retrieved: 2016-09-28[self-published source]
  2. ^ Anonymous, "Bayonne," Catholic Encyclopedia Volume XVII Supplement 1 (New York 1922), p. 88.
  3. ^ Leo's name does not appear in the list of Archbishops of Rouen in Gallia christiana XI (Paris 1759), pp. 19-26. And cf. Fisquet, Honoré (1864). La France pontificale (Gallia Christiana): histoire chronologique et biographique...Metropole de Rouen: Rouen (in French). Paris: Etienne Repos. pp. 50–51. : ... il faut avouer que, à part de ces vies qui n'ont rien de fort authentique, aucune catalogue, aucune des anciennes chroniques de Normandie ne justifient qu'il ait occupé le siége métropolitain de Rouen."

Bibliography[edit]

Reference works[edit]

Studies[edit]

External links[edit]

  • Goyau, Georges. "Bayonne." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 2. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1907. Retrieved: 2016-09-28.

Acknowledgment[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Bayonne". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton. 

Coordinates: 43°29′26″N 1°28′40″W / 43.49056°N 1.47778°W / 43.49056; -1.47778