Roman Catholic Diocese of Bobbio

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The Roman Catholic diocese of Bobbio was an Italian bishopric which existed from 1014 until 1986. The diocese was formed from the territory of the Abbey of Bobbio.[1][2]

History[edit]

In the year 1014, the Emperor Henry II, on the occasion of his own coronation in Rome, obtained from Pope Benedict VIII the erection of the Abbey of Bobbio, which was celebrating its 500th anniversary, as an episcopal see.[3] The date of 25 February 1014 is sometimes given for the erection of the diocese, but that is the date of the coronation of the Emperor Henry in Rome. Neither the Emperor's charter nor the Pope's bull, however, survives.[4] The diocese was made a suffragan of the metropolitan of Milan.[5]

The abbot of Bobbio had long been a Count of the Holy Roman Empire in the territory of the Abbey, and he owed feudal dues, including soldiers, when called upon. The abbots continued to hold the title and rank even after the erection of the diocese of Bobbio. In the bishopric of Bishop Luizo, the fourth bishop (c. 1050), the bishop of Bobbio was granted the title of Count for the city of Bobbio.[6]

Pietroaldo, its first bishop, had been Abbot of Bobbio since 999; in contemporary documents he is referred to as abbas et episcopus monasterio sancti Colombani sito Bobio.[7] His episcopal successors for a long time lived in the abbey, where several of them had been monks. The monastery, however, claimed to be directly subject to the Holy See, not to a local bishop, even the Bishop of Bobbio, which produced nearly two centuries of friction and litigation between the Abbey and the Bishop of Bobbio.[8] In 1144 Pope Lucius II granted the monks the right of electing their own abbot.[9] Pope Eugenius III (1145–1153) ruled that the confirmation and blessing of a new abbot, the consecration of altars and churches, and the appointment of monks and clergy, were the right of the bishop of Bobbio and his successors; the decision was confirmed by Pope Lucius III (1181–1185) when further litigation took place.[10]

According to Ferdinando Ughelli and others, the diocese Bobbio was made a suffragan see of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Genoa by Pope Innocent II on 19 March 1133 in the Bull Iustus Dominus.[11] Fedele Savio finds this subordination mentioned for the first time in a Bull of Pope Alexander III, dated 19 April 1161, but in his discussion he remarks that Genoa was only given four suffragans: Mariana, Nebbio and Accia on the island of Corsica, and Brugnato on the mainland.[12] The papal Bull, in fact, names five suffragans, the four just named and a fifth on the mainland, Vobzensem, which is in fact not the name of an actual diocese, but a scribal corruption of Bobiensem, as Ughelli and every other scholar have recognized.

In 1199 alarming reports reached the ears of Pope Innocent III about the corrupt state of discipline in the monastery of S. Colombano, "that there was hardly a trace of religious feeling in either the abbot or the monks," that he issued a mandate to Bishop Oberto of Bobbio on 1 December 1999 to use the power of supervision which had been granted him by the Holy See to visit the monastery, and then send a representative to Rome to report on his findings to that the Pope could take further measures; he was given until the fourth Sunday in Lent in 1200 to make his report. In the meantime the Pope had entrusted the duty of correcting the monastery to two abbots from Pavia. The abbots were ordered by the Pope to consult with Bishop Oberto.[13]

During the occupation of Italy by the armies of the French Republic and then the First Empire, the diocese of Bobbio was suppressed, and its territory reassigned to the diocese of Casale-Monferrato. After the restoration of the Kingdom of Sardinia (Duchy of Savoy), the diocese was restored to its former borders in 1817.[14]

In 1923 it was united with the Territorial Abbey of San Colombano, at Bobbio, from which it originated, with the combined official name diocese of Bobbio-San Colombano. As reorganised in 1986, it became part of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Genova-Bobbio.

In a subsequent change, Bobbio Abbey's 'united title' was transferred, in 1989, to the Metropolitan Diocese of Piacenza-Bobbio.[15]

The Cathedral has a Chapter, composed of two dignities (the Provost and the Archpriest) and ten Canons.[16]

Bishops[edit]

Diocese of Bobbio[edit]

to 1400[edit]

  • Pietro Aldo (1014–1017)[17]
  • Atto (1017–1027)[18]
  • Sigefred (attested 1027)[19]
  • Luizo (attested 1046, 1048)[20]
  • Opizo (Opizzone) (1059– c.1068)
  • Guarnerio (c. 1068– ? )[21]
  • Ugo (c. 1085– c. 1098)
  • Alberto (1098– c. 1118)
  • Oddo (Oddone) (attested 1118)
  • Palemone ( ? – 1125?)
  • Simone Malvicino (c. 1125–1148)[22]
  • Oberto Malvicino (1148–1152)[23]
  • Oglerio Malvicino (c. 1153–c. 1176)[24]
  • Gandolfo (1178–1184)[25]
  • Albert (1184–1185)[26]
  • Otto (1185–1194)[27]
  • Uberto Rocca (1203–1233)[28]
  • Ubertus de Andito (1233–1251?)[29]
  • Johannes Gobbo (1274–1293)[30]
  • Pietro de Rubiano, O.P. (attested 1296)[31]
  • Giordano de Monte Cucco (1326– ? )[32]
  • Albertus Calvi[33]
  • Robertus de Lanfranchis, O.E.S.A. (1362–1395)
  • Obertus Torpanno (1396–1405)

from 1400 to 1700[edit]

from 1700 to 1927[edit]

Diocese of Bobbio (-Abbey of San Colombano)[edit]

United: 4 August 1923 with the Territorial Abbey of San Colombano
Metropolitan: Archdiocese of Genoa

  • Matteo Pellegrino (1928–1936 Died)
  • Bernardo Bertoglio (1937–1953 Died)
  • Pietro Zuccarino (1953–1973 Died)

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ "Diocese of Bobbio (-Abbey of San Colombano)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  2. ^ "Diocese of Bobbio–San Colombano" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016.[self-published source]
  3. ^ Thietmar of Merseburg, Chronicon (ed. Iohannes M. Lappenberg), Book VII, ch. 1-3, in: G. H. Pertz, ed. (1839). Monumenta Germaniae historica (in German and Latin). Scriptorum Tomus III. Hannover: Hahniani. pp. 836–837. 
  4. ^ Bonnard, p. 276 column 2.
  5. ^ Bonnard, p. 281. Kehr, Italia pontificia VI. 2, p. 242, explicitly correcting Ughelli, and those authors dependent upon him. including Fedele Savio, p. 170, who state that the original Metropolitan was Ravenna.
  6. ^ Bonnard, p. 282.
  7. ^ Paola Guglielmotti (2015), "Pietroaldo", in: Dizionario Biografico degli Italiani, Volume 83 (2015). (in Italian)
  8. ^ Kehr, pp. 246-247. Both the bishops of Tortona and of Piacenza had usurped authority over Bobbio in the 9th and 10th centuries. As late as 1128, Pope Honorius II had to order Peter, the Bishop of Tortona, to hand back five churches which he had usurped from the diocese of Bobbio. Kehr, p. 243 nos. 1-5.
  9. ^ Kehr, p. 253 no. 24.
  10. ^ Kehr, p. 244 nos. 6 and 8.
  11. ^ Bullarum diplomatum et privilegiorum sanctorum Romanorum pontificum Taurinensis editio (in Latin). Tomus II (Taurinensis editio ed.). Turin: Seb. Franco. 1859. p. 377. 
  12. ^ Savio, p. 170.
  13. ^ Kehr, p. 246. August Potthast (1874). Regesta pontificum romanorum inde ab a. post Christum natum MCXCVIII ad a. MCCCIV (in Latin). Vol. I. Berlin: Rudolph de Decker. pp. 84–85. 
  14. ^ A. Zuccagni-Orlandini, ed. (1839). Continuazione delle Corografia fisica, storica et statistica degli Stati Sardi Italiani di Terraferma (in Italian). Volume terzo. Firenze: Pr. Gli Editori. pp. 156–157. 
  15. ^ Catholic Hierarchy page[self-published source]
  16. ^ Bonnard, p. 275.
  17. ^ Pietro Aldo: Ughelli, IV, pp. 955-957. Savio, pp. 158-162.
  18. ^ Attone: Savio, p. 162.
  19. ^ Sigefredus: Ughelli, p. Savio, p. 162.
  20. ^ Luizo took part in the Council of Pavia of 1046. Savio, p. 162.
  21. ^ On 25 June 1080, Bishop Guarnerius was present at the Council of Brixen. Savio, p. 163.
  22. ^ Bishop Simone is called abas et episcopus monosterio Sancti Columbani. P. Guglielmotti, in: Eleonora Destefanis e Paola Guglielmotti (ed.), La diocesi di Bobbio (Firenze 2015), p. 231.
  23. ^ Bishop Oberto is known from only one document, a deposition of a monk of S. Colombano against the bishop. Savio, pp. 167-169.
  24. ^ Bishop Oberto Malvicino was a nephew of Bishop Simone Malvicino, and like his uncle was Abbot of S. Colombano di Bobbio. Savio, pp. 169-171 (who conjectures that he died c. 1176). Bonnard, p. 282.
  25. ^ Gandolfo: Savio, p. 171.
  26. ^ Bishop Albert was transferred to the diocese of Vercelli in 1185. Savio, p. 171.
  27. ^ Ottone was transferred to the diocese of Genoa. Savio, pp. 171-172. Eubel, I, p. 139.
  28. ^ Oberto: Savio, pp. 172-173. Eubel, I, p. 139.
  29. ^ On 15 July 1251 Pope Innocent IV wrote a letter to the Electo Bobien. et Abati de Mezano, indicating that a new bishop had been named. Savio, p. 173. Gams, p. 813 column 2, makes his episcopacy last until 1273.
  30. ^ Johannes had been Provost of the Augustinian monastery of S. Euphemia (Piacenza). He was appointed Bishop of Bobbio by Pope Gregory X on 18 January 1274. In 1293 he excused himself from attendance at the provincial council in Genoa due to age and infirmity. Savio, pp. 173-174. Eubel, I, p. 139.
  31. ^ Petrus de Rubiano was a native of Piacenza. Savio, p. 174. Eubel, I, p. 139.
  32. ^ Giordano was appointed Bishop of Bobbio on 24 October 1326, after the Chapter had elected another candidate, Henricus Duranti, Provost of S. Brigid in Piacenza; Henry was rejected by Pope John XXII. Ughelli, p. 941. Eubel, I, p. 139.
  33. ^ Albertus Calvi is called Calvus Calvi by Gams, p. 813, column 2, following Ughelli, p. 941.
  34. ^ Fr. Alessio was appointed bishop of Bobbio by Pope Innocent VII (Roman Obedience) on 26 September 1405. Siregno was appointed Bishop of Gap by Pope Alexander V on 20 August 1409, and he was named Bishop of Piacenza by John XXIII on 27 August 1411. He died in 1447. Ughelli, IV, p. 942. Eubel, I, pp. 139, 401, 514. "Bishop Alessio di Siregno, O.F.M." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved September 25, 2016.[self-published source]
  35. ^ "Bishop Francesco Maria Abbiati, C.R.L." Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved November 24, 2016.[self-published source]
  36. ^ Born in Mondovì in 1645, Morozzi was named a theologian of the Duke of Savoy in 1680. He was subsequently Prior of the Carthusian Order, then Provincial of the Province of Piedmont and Savoy, and finally Abbot General of the entire Order. He was appointed in Consistory by Pope Innocent XII on 22 December 1693, and consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Galeazzo Marescotti on 27 December. He was transferred to the diocese of Saluzzo on 27 January 1698. He died in 1729. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 120 with note 3.
  37. ^ Croce was a native of Milan. As a Benedictine, he lectured in theology in various houses of his Order, and was Abbot in various monasteries, the last of which was Bobbio. He was named Bishop of Bobbio by Pope Innocent XII in the Consistory of 15 September 1698, and was consecrated a bishop in Rome by Cardinal Pietro Petrucci on 21 September. He died on 20 April 1713. Cappelletti, XIII, p. 660. Ritzler-Sefrin, Hierarchia catholica V, p. 120 with note 4.
  38. ^ Gallarini: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 120 with note 5.
  39. ^ Manara: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 120 with note 6.
  40. ^ Cornaccioli: Ritzler-Sefrin, V, p. 120 with note 7.
  41. ^ Antonio Pellicani (1876). Compendio della vita di monsignor Antonio Gianelli, vescovo di Bobbio (in Italian). Parma: Tipografia Fiaccadori.  Salvatore Garofalo (2011). Un grande vescovo per una piccola diocesi. Sant'Antonio Maria Gianelli (in Italian). Cinisello Balsamo (Milano): San Paolo. ISBN 978-88-215-7064-3. 

Bibliography[edit]

Reference works[edit]

Studies[edit]

External links[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Abbey and Diocese of Bobbio". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.