Roman Catholic Diocese of Brescia
|Diocese of Brescia
|Area||4,538 km2 (1,752 sq mi)|
|(as of 2015)
960,000 (est.) (83.3%)
|Established||1st Century (200 years ago)|
|Cathedral||Cattedrale di S. Maria Assunta e Ss. Pietro e Paolo (Duomo Nuovo)|
|Secular priests||735 (diocesan)
199 (Religious Orders)
|Emeritus Bishops||Luciano Monari
Vigilio Mario Olmi (Auxiliary Bishop Emeritus)
The Roman Diocese Catholic of Brescia (Latin: Dioecesis Brixiensis) is a Latin rite suffragan diocese in the ecclesiastical province of the Metropolitan Archdiocese of Milan, in Lombardy (Northwestern Italy).
It has an area of 4,338 km², with 473 parishes and a population of 1,094,237 .
Its cathedral episcopal see is the 'new' Cattedrale di S. Maria Assunta e Ss. Pietro e Paolo (Duomo Nuovo) dedicated to the Assumption of Mary and to the Apostles Peter and Paolo, in Brescia. The city also has a Co-cathedral: Concattedrale invernale di Santa Maria Assunta, also dedicated to the Assumption of Mary, a Minor basilica: Basilica-Santuario di S. Maria delle Grazie dedicated to Our Lady of Graces, and another World Heritage Site (now not in use): Chiesa di San Salvatore.
The bishopric has four more Minor basilicas: Basilica di S. Lorenzo Martire, in Verolanuova; Basilica di S. Maria della Visitazione, in Bagnolo Mella; Basilica di Santa Maria Assunta, in Botticino Sera and Basilica Sant’Antonino Martire, in Concesio.
Statistics and extent
As per 2015, it pastorally served 960,000 Catholics (83.2% of 1,153,587 total) on 4,538 km² in 473 parishes, 990 priests (791 diocesan, 199 religious), 56 deacons, 1,660 lay religious (286 brothers, 1,374 sisters), 36 seminarians.
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Legend traces the beginnings of Christianity in Brescia to Saint Barnabas, who is said to have made Saint Anatolus bishop. However, Milan also claims Anatolus as its first bishop, consecrated by Saint Barnabas. In any case, faith was probably brought to Brescia by way of Milan. During the reign of Emperor Hadrian, Brescia was the scene of the martyrdom of Saints Faustinus and Jovita (cfr. Acta Sanctorum, 15 February). From the time of the persecutions tradition mentions the names of several bishops, but nothing authentic is known concerning them. In the fourth century Saint Philastrius occurs. He was succeeded by Saint Gaudentius, consecrated by Saint Ambrose (c. 387), who erected outside the city walls the church Ad Concilia Sanctorum, in which the holy matron Silvia was buried later.
A number of the bishops who ruled this diocese form the 4th to the 7th centuries are entitled saints, e.g. Paul of Brescia, Theophilus of Brescia, Saint Silvinus, Saint Gaudiosus, Saint Optatianus, Saint Dominator (495), and Saint Dominic of Brescia (613), who with the many gifts he received from the Lombard Queen Theodolinda, erected the church called the Rotonda. Bishop Ramperto brought to Brescia the Benedictines, who constructed a church to which they transferred the relics of Saints Faustinus and Jovita; he also took part in the Council of Mantua of 827.
Bishop Notingus received the title of Count of Brescia for the see from Emperor Louis II in 844, so he and his successors became prince-bishops, civil rulers of the city and the countship. Many struggles followed, in particular after Margrave Arduin of Ivrea, who had proclaimed himself King of Italy (1002), had slain the bishop of this city of holding allegiance to Holy Roman Emperor Henry II. Henry, to ensure the fidelity of the citizens of Brescia, was obliged to confirm the civil liberty granted them by Arduin, which is the origin of the civic commune of Brescia. Bishop Landolfo II (1007) built the church of Santa Eufemia outside the walls.
During the episcopate of Manfredo Lucciaga (1133), Arnold of Brescia disseminated his teachings, with the result that the governors of the city all but confiscated the property of the churches of Brescia. Alberto Rezzato (1213) had the Paterines to contend against; he also brought many relics from the Holy Land. Blessed Gualla Ronio (1229), of the Friars Preachers, was distinguished for his virtue. Berardo Maggi (1275), a Guelph (papal supporter in the Investiture Conflict), was made Duke and Count of the city, and constructed among other works two canals diverting the waters of the Rivers Chiese and Mella, in order to furnish the motive force for many factories. Tommaso Visconti (1388) did much for the maintenance of discipline among the clergy. Under Bishop Francesco de' Mareri (1418), the preaching of St. Bernardine of Siena wrought a great moral reform in the city of Brescia. Pietro dal Monte (1442) adorned the episcopal palace, erected a hospital and wrote various works. Paolo Zane (1481) built the shrine of Santa Maria delle Grazie and established the hospital for incurables.
In the sixteenth century three cardinals succeeded each other: Francesco Cornaro (1532), Andrea Cornaro (1543) and Durante de' Duranti (1551). In conformity with the decrees of the Council of Trent, Domenico Bollani (1559) convened a diocesan synod (1574) and founded the seminary. Giovanni Dolfin (1579) seconded St. Charles Borromeo in his work of reform, who by his own desire celebrated the obsequies of Bishop Dolfin. Bishop Pietro Vito Ottoboni (1654) was later elevated to the papacy under the name of Alexander VIII. Cardinal Alb. Badoaro (1706) was a very zealous pastor, combating in an especial manner the Quietism which occurred his diocese. Cardinal Angelo M. Quirini (1727) founded the library of the commune, which took its name from him, and did much towards the restoration of the cathedral. During the episcopate of Giovanni Nani (1773) the French invasion took place, with the attendant pillaging of churches and convents.
- On 1818.09.12 it gained territory from the suppressed Abbacy nullius of Asola
- It enjoyed Papal visits from Pope John Paul II (in February 1982 and September 1998) and Pope Benedict XVI in November 2009.
- Suffragan Bishops of Brescia
- Ursacius (Ursicinus) (347)
- Goffredo di Canossa (970? – 976)
- Attone (976 – ?)
- Adalberto (996 – 1006)
- Landolfo (1007 – 1030)
- Olderico (1031 – 1048)
- Adelmanno di Liegi (1048 – 1053)
- Olderico (1053 – 1073)
- Giovanni (1080 – ?)
- Arimanno da Gavardo (1086 – 1115)
- Villano (1116 – 1132)
- Manfredo Boccacci (1132 – death 1153.01.07)
- Raimondo (1153 – death 1173.08.04)
- Joannes (John) Fiumicelli = Giovanni Griffi (1174?75 – 1195.11.10)
- Giovanni da Palazzo (1195.11.18 – 1212.08.05)
- Alberto da Reggio (1213 – 1229), next Latin Patriarch of Antioch (1229 – ?)
- Blessed Guala de Roniis, Dominican Order (O.P.) (1229 – 1244.09.05)
- Azzone da Torbiato (1244 – death 1253.10.18)
- Cavalcano Sala (1254 – 1263)
- Martino Arimanni (1264.03.15 – death 1275)
- BIOS TO COMPLETE/ ELABORATE
- Domenico de Dominicis (14 Nov 1464 - 1478 Died)
- Lorenzo Zanni (Zane) (27 Feb 1478 - 1480 Resigned)
- Paolo Zane (19 Dec 1480 - Mar 1531 Died)
- Cardinal Francesco Cornaro (Sr.), Administrator (Mar 1531 - 13 March 1532 Resigned)
- Andrea Cornaro (13 March 1532 - 30 Jan 1551), succeeded as previous Coadjutor Bishop: Francesco Cornaro (? – 1532.03.13)
- Durante Duranti (18 Feb 1551 - 24 Dec 1557)
- Giovanni Delfino (bishop of Brescia) (26 Aug 1579 - 1 May 1584)
- Gianfrancesco Morosini (23 Sep 1585 - 10 Jan 1596 Died)
- Marino Zorzi (bishop of Brescia) (Giorgi) (4 Mar 1596 - 28 Aug 1631)
- Vincenzo Giustiniani (bishop of Brescia) (31 Jan 1633 - 13 Feb 1645 Died)
- Marco Morosini (31 Jul 1645 - 4 Oct 1654 Died)
- Pietro Vito Ottoboni (7 Dec 1654 - 9 Jun 1664 Resigned)
- Marino Giovanni Zorzi (bishop of Brescia) (Giorgi) (9 Jun 1664 - 24 Oct 1678 Died)
- Bartolomeo Gradenigo (bishop of Brescia) (13 Jul 1682 - 29 Jul 1698 Died)
- Daniello Marco Delfino (15 Sep 1698 - 5 Aug 1704 Died)
- Cardinal Gianalberto Badoer (Badoaro) (7 Jun 1706 - 17 May 1714 Died)
- Giovanni Francesco Barbarigo (9 July 1714 - 20 Jan 1723), next Bishop of Padua
- Fortunato Morosini, O.S.B. (15 March 1723 - 25 June 1727 Died)
- Angelo Maria (Gerolamo) Quirini (Querini), O.S.B. (30 Jul 1727 - 6 Jan 1755 Died)
- Giovanni Molino (17 Feb 1755 - 14 Mar 1773 Died)
- Giovanni Nani (19 Apr 1773 - 23 Oct 1804 Died)
- Gabrio Maria Nava (18 Sep 1807 - 2 Nov 1831 Died)
- Carlo Domenico Ferrari (20 Jan 1834 Confirmed - 29 Nov 1846 Died)
- Girolamo dei Conti Verzeri (30 Sep 1850 Confirmed - 1 Dec 1883 Died)
- Giacomo Corna-Pellegrini (1 Dec 1883 Succeeded - 21 May 1913 Died), succeeded as previous Coadjutor Bishop: Giacomo Corna-Pellegrini (1875.03.31 – 1883.12.01)
- Giacinto Gaggia (28 Oct 1913 - 15 Apr 1933 Died)
- Giacinto Tredici, Obl. Ss. A. C. (21 Dec 1933 - 19 August 1964 Died)
- Auxiliary Bishop: Guglielmo Bosetti (1951.11.04 – 1961.03.29), Titular Bishop of Hippo Diarrhytus (1951.11.04 – 1961.03.29); later Bishop of Fidenza (Italy) (1961.03.29 – death 1962.08.01)
- Auxiliary Bishop: Giuseppe Almici (1961.04.24 – 1965.01.17), Titular Bishop of Arcadia (1961.04.24 – 1965.01.17); later Bishop of Alessandria (Italy) (1965.01.17 – retired 1980.07.17), died 1985
- Luigi Morstabilini (7 Oct 1964 - 7 April 1983 Retired)
- Bruno Foresti (7 April 1983 - 19 Dec 1998 Retired)
- Giulio Sanguineti (19 Dec 1998 - 19 July 2007 Retired)
- Luciano Monari (19 July 2007 - 12 July 2017)
- Pierantonio Tremolada (12 July 2017 - ...); previously Titular Bishop of Maxita (2014.05.24 – 2017.07.12) as Auxiliary Bishop of Archdiocese of Milano (Milan, Italy) (2014.05.24 – 2017.07.12).
- "Diocese of Brescia" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- "Diocese of Brescia" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- Source for parishes: CCI (2008), Parrocchie, Chiesa Cattolica Italiana, retrieved 2008-03-15.
- See the remarks of Lanzoni, pp. 957-958.
- Ursacius was present at the Council of Serdica. J.D. Mansi (ed.), Sacrorum Conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio, editio novissima, Tomus tertius (3) (Florence 1759), pp. 42 and 49. Gams, p. 779.
- Gams, p. 780.
- Maggi was transferred to Piacenza ca. 1317. He was a supporter of Louis the Bavarian as Emperor. Eubel, I, pp. 147 and 401.
- A native of Venice, De Dominicis worked in the Roman Curia. He became a Protonotary Apostolic. He was named Bishop of Torcello on 20 February 1448, a position he held until his promotion to Brescia. Though he was appointed bishop of Brescia on 14 November 1464, he did not take possession until 25 August 1466. He travelled to Rome numerous times, and he was there in 1475 when the Imperial Ambassador proposed his name for a cardinal's hat. He did not get it. Pope Paul II, a fellow Venetian, compensated him by naming him his Vicar for Rome. His diocese was actually administered by Bishop Paganino da San Paolo, bishop of Dulcigno (Olcini, Olgun) in Dalmatia (1441–1481), who had also been Vicar General for Bishop Pietro del Monte. Cappelletti, XI, p. 643-645. Eubel, II, p. 111, 146, and 253.
- "Patriarch Lorenzo Zanni (Zane)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved September 28, 2016
- Eubel, II, p. 111; III, p. 140 n. 1.
- Eubel, III, p. 140.
- Andrea Cornaro was Cardinal Francesco's nephew. He was named a cardinal by Pope Paul III in 1544. Eubel, III, pp. 29 and 140.
- "Bishop Giovanni Delfino" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
- Morosini served as Papal Nuncio in France from 1587–1589, during the crisis of the succession to Henry III of France. He was named a Cardinal by Pope Sixtus V on 15 July 1588, and assigned the titular church of Santi Nereo e Achilleo. Eubel III, pp. 52 no. 27; 140. Salvador Miranda, The Cardinals of the Holy Roman Church: Morosini, Gianfrancesco, retrieved: 2016-11-23.
- Zorzi was a member of the Venetian nobility. He was a Referendary of the Two Signatures, a purchasable position in the Roman Curia. He was a propinquus of Cardinal Gianfrancesco Morosini. He became Nuncio in Florence on 27 February 1592. He died on 28 August 1631. Gauchat, IV, p. 121 with note 2.
- "Bishop Vincenzo Giustiniani" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
- "Bishop Marino Giovanni Zorzi (Giorgi)" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 26, 2016
- "Bishop Bartolomeo Gradenigo" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved August 26, 2016
- Badoer was born in Venice of a family of the patrician nobility. He obtained a degree of Doctor in utroque iure from the University of Padua, and he was named a Canon of Padua. He was named Patriarch of Venice by Pope Innocent XI in 1688. He was created a cardinal on 17 May 1706 by Pope Clement XI, and assigned the titular church of San Marcello. He was transferred to Brescia three weeks later. He was particularly noted for his opposition to Quietism. Cappelletti, p. 662. Ritzler, V, p. 24, 127, 409 with note 3.
- A native of Venice, Molino was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil Law and Canon Law) from the University of Padua (1729); Auditor Causarum Apostolici Palatii (locumtenens). He was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Joaquin de Portocarrero on 1 April 1755. He was created a cardinal on 23 November 1461 by Pope Clement XIII, and assigned the titular church of S. Sisto. He died in Brescia on 14 March 1773, and was buried in the Cathedral. Ritzler, VI, p. 23 with notes 64 and 65; p. 131 with note 2.
- Gaetano Scandella (1857). Vita di Gabrio Maria Nava vescovo di Brescia (in Italian). Brescia: Tipografia vescovile del Pio Istituto.
- Antonio Fappani (1964). Un vescovo "Intransigente": Mons. Giacomo M. Corna Pellegrini Spandre e il movimento cattolico bresciano dal 1885 al 1913. Appunti per una biografia. Brescia: Morcelliana.
- Gaggia had been Professor of Ecclesiastical History and Canon Law at the Seminary of Brescia, then Auxiliary Bishop of Brescia from 29 April 1909. Antonio Fappani (1984). Giacinto Gaggia vescovo di Brescia (in Italian). Volume I (1984), II (1985). Verolanuova: Comune di Verolanuova.
- Barchi, Alemano (1832). Annotazioni alla Cronologia Bresciana civile e ecclesiastica: dall'origine di Brescia fino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Brescia: Bettoni.
- Caponi, Anna Maria (1985). Nota sui vescovi bresciani dalle origini al 1075: serie e osservazioni, in: Brixia Sacra 1985, nn. 5-6, pp. 163–179. (in Italian)
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1856). Le Chiese d'Italia dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni, vol. XI. Venezia 1856, pp. 543–673.
- Caprioli, Adriano; Vaccaro, Luciano (1992). Diocesi di Brescia (in Italian). Brescia: La Scuola. ISBN 978-88-350-7760-2.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo (in Latin). Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Lanzoni, Francesco (1927). Le diocesi d'Italia dalle origini al principio del secolo VII (an. 604), vol. I, Faenza 1927, pp. 957–969.
- Montini, Chiara; Valetti, Ornello (1987). I Vescovi di Brescia: ricerca bibliografica (in Italian). Brescia: Ateneo.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06.
- Taccolini, Mario (2004). Il Duomo Nuovo di Brescia: 1604-2004 : quattro secoli di arte, storia, fede (in Italian). Brescia: Grafo. ISBN 978-88-7385-618-4.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Brescia". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.