Roman Catholic Diocese of Fréjus-Toulon
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|Diocese of Fréjus–Toulon
Diocèse de Fréjus–Toulon
|Metropolitan||Archdiocese of Marseille|
|Area||6,022 km2 (2,325 sq mi)|
|(as of 2013)
|Cathedral||Cathedral of Notre Dame in Toulon|
|Co-cathedral||Co-Cathedral of Saint Léonce in Fréjus|
|Patron saint||St. Leontius of Fréjus
St. Mary Magdalene
95 religious priests
|Bishop||Dominique Marie Jean Rey|
|Metropolitan Archbishop||Georges Pontier|
|Website of the Diocese|
The Roman Catholic Diocese of Fréjus–Toulon (Latin: Dioecesis Foroiuliensis–Tolonensis; French: Diocèse de Fréjus–Toulon) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in southeastern France on the Mediterranean coast. In 1957 it was renamed as the Diocese of Fréjus–Toulon.
A suffragan of the Archbishopric of Aix-en-Provence and Arles, it comprised the whole département of Var. Under the Civil Constitution of the Clergy the département of Var constituted a bishopric, absorbing the dioceses of Toulon, Fréjus, Grasse and Vence. It was suppressed by the Concordat of 1801, re-established by that of 1817, and definitively established in 1823.
The arrondissement of Grasse, which until 1860 belonged to the département of Var, when it was annexed to that of the Alpes-Maritimes, was, in 1886, separated from Fréjus and attached to the Diocese of Nice. A Papal Brief of 1852 authorized the bishop to assume the title of Bishop of Fréjus and Toulon. The present diocese comprises the territory of the ancient Diocese of Fréjus as well as that of the ancient Diocese of Toulon.
Since 16 May 2000, the Bishop of Fréjus–Toulon has been Bishop Dominique Marie Jean Rey. On 18 September 2012, Bishop Rey was appointed by Pope Benedict XVI to serve as one of the papally-appointed Synod Fathers of the October 2012 13th Ordinary General Assembly of the Synod of Bishops on the New Evangelization.
Christianity would seem to have been introduced into Fréjus in the fourth century. In 374 a certain Acceptus, who had just been elected to the See of Fréjus, falsely declared himself guilty of some crimes in order to rid himself of the episcopal dignity. At the Council of Valence, which met in July of 374, he begged the Church to name another in his place. The Council decided that his actions made it inappropriate for him to be consecrated a bishop.
Fréjus was completely destroyed by the Saracens in the early tenth century. It was Bishop Riculfus who began the reconstruction of the Cathedral.
The following are named among the bishops of this see:
- Raymond Berengarius (1235–1248), who arranged the marriage of Beatrice, daughter of the Count of Provence, with Charles of Anjou
- Jacques d'Euse (1300–1310), preceptor of St. Louis of Toulouse, and later pope under the name of John XXII
- Cardinal Nicolò Fieschi (1495–1524), who at the time of his death was dean of the Sacred College (in 1524, from 20 May to 14 June)
- André-Hercule de Fleury (1698–1715).
The Island of Lérins, well known as the site of the celebrated monastery founded there in 410, was sold in 1859 by the bishop of Fréjus to an English purchaser. A number of the saints of Lérins are especially honoured in the diocese. Among them are Sts. Honoratus, Caesarius, Hilary, and Virgilius, all of whom became archbishop of Arles; Quinidius, Bishop of Vaison; Valerius, Bishop of Nice; Maximus, Bishop of Riez; Veranus and Lambertus, both Bishop of Vence; Vincent of Lérins, author of the Commonitorium, and his brother Lupus, Bishop of Troyes; Agricola, Bishop of Avignon; Aigulphus and Porcarius, martyrs; St. Tropesius, martyr during the persecution of Emperor Nero; St. Louis of Toulouse (1274–1297), a native of Brignoles, in the Diocese of Toulon, and later Archbishop of Toulouse; and the virgin St. Roseline, prioress of the monastery of La Celle-Roubaud, who died in 1329, and whose shrine, situated at Les Arcs near Draguignan, has been for six centuries a place of pilgrimage, are likewise especially honoured in the diocese.
Under Louis XIV, who enjoyed the right to nominate bishops to all French sees with the exception of Metz, Verdun and Toul, the See of Fréjus was merely an early stepping-stone for careers of clerics whose ambitions lay elsewhere.
- before 419 – 433: Leontius
- 433–455: Theodorus
- 463–465: Asterius
- 475?: Auxilius
- 484?–506: Victorinus
- ? 524: Joannes (Jean, John)
- 527–529: Lupercianus
- 541: Dionysius (Didier)
- 549–554: Expectatus
- 582: Epiphanius
- 636: Martin
- 909–911: Benedict
- 949–952: Gontar
- 973–1000?: Riculfus
1000 to 1300
- 1010–1044: Gaucelme
- 1044–1091: Bertrand
- 1091–1131: Berenger
- 1131–1145: Bertrand II.
- 1154–1157: Pierre de Montlaur
- 1166–1198: Fredol d'Anduze
- 1198–1202: Guillaume du Pont
- 1203–1206: Raimond de Capella
- 1206–1212: Bermond Cornut
- 1212?–1215: Raimond de Puyricard
- 1220: Olivier
- 1224–1233?: Bertrand III. de Favas
- 1235–1248: Raimond Berenguer
- 1248–1264: Bertrand de Saint-Martin
- 1264–1266: Pierre de Camaret
- 1267–1280?: Guillaume de la Fonte
- 1280?–1299: Bertrand V. Comarque
1300 to 1500
- 1300–1310: Jacques Arnaud Duèze, later Pope John XXII
- 1318–1318: Bertrand VI. d'Aimini
- 1318–1340: Barthélémy Grassi
- 1340–1343: Jean d'Arpadelle
- 4 June 1343 – 14 March 1346: Guillaume d'Aubussac
- 7 April 1346 – 1348: Pierre Alamanni
- 1348: Pierre du Pin (electus: transferred to Viterbo 10 December 1348)
- 2 March 1349 – 9 June 1360: Guillaume Amici (administrator) (also Bishop of Apt and Bishop of Chartres)
- 1360–1361: Pierre Artaudi
- 1361–1364: Guillaume de Ruffec
- 1364–1371: Raimond Daconis
- 1371–1385: Bertrand de Villemus
- 1385: Emanuel 
- 3 August 1385 – 13 April 1405: Louis de Bouillac
- 9 September 1409 – 1 February 1422: Gilles Le Jeune
- 1422–1449?: Jean Bélard
- 1449–1452: Jacques Juvénal des Ursins
- 1452–1453: Jacques Séguin
- 1453–1455: Guillaume d'Estaing
- 1455–1462: Jean du Bellay
- 1462–1472: Léon Guérinet
- 1472: Réginald d'Angline
- 1472–1485: Urbano Fieschi (senior)
- 15 March 1485 – 1487: Niccolò Fieschi (transferred to Agde)
- 17 September 1487 – 26 November 1494: Rostan d'Ancesune (transferred to Embrun)
- 25 February 1495 – 1511: Niccolò Fieschi
1500 to 1800
- 5 November 1511 – 23 January 1523: Urbano Fieschi (junior)
nephew of Cardinal Niccolò Fieschi
- 1524 – 15 June 1424: Cardinal Niccolò Fieschi
- 1524–1534: Franciot des Ursins
- 1525–1564: Léon des Ursins
- 1565–1579: Bertrand de Romans
- 1579–1591: François de Bouliers
- 1591–1599?: Gérard Bellenger
- 1599–1637: Barthélémy Camelin
- 1637–1654: Pierre Camelin
- 1658–1674: Zongo Ondedei
- 1676–1678: Antoine de Clermont
- 1679–1680: Louis d’Anglure de Bourlemont
- 1681–1697: Luc d'Aquin
- 1697–1699: Louis d'Aquin
- 1699–1715: André-Hercule de Fleury (1. November 1698 bis 3. Mai 1715)
- 1715–1739: Pierre de Castellane
- 1739–1765: Martin du Bellay
- 1766–1801: Emmanuel de Bausset
- 1791-1799: Jean-Joseph Rigouard (Constitutional Bishop of Var)
- Suppressed 1801–1822
- Charles-Alexandre de Richery (8 August 1817 to 8 February 1829) (also Archbishop of Aix)
- Louis-Charles-Jean-Baptiste Michel (16 April 1829 to 22 February 1845)
- Casimir-Alexis-Joseph Wicart (29 March 1845 to 3. July 1855) (also Bishop of Laval)
- Joseph-Antoine-Henri Jordany (6 November 1855 to March 1876)
- Joseph-Sébastien-Ferdinand Terris (17 March 1876 to 8 April 1885)
- Fédéric-Henri Oury (2 March 1886 to 3 June 1890) (also Bishop of Dijon)
- Eudoxe-Irénée-Edouard Mignot (3 June 1890 to 7 December 1899) (auch Archbishop of Albi)
- Aloys-Joseph-Eugène Arnaud (7 December 1899 to 17 June 1905)
- Félix-Adolphe-Camille-Jean-Baptiste Guillibert (21 February 1906 to 31 May 1926)
- Auguste-Joseph-Marie Simeone (30 July 1926 to 22 October 1940)
- Auguste Joseph Gaudel (24 September 1941 to 30 June 1960)
- Henri-Louis-Marie Mazerat (30 July 1960 to 11 December 1961) (also Bishop of Angers)
- Gilles-Henri-Alexis Barthe (4 May 1962 to 8 February 1983)
- Joseph Théophile Louis Marie Madec (8 February 1983 to 16 May 2000)
- Dominique Marie Jean Rey (16 May 2000–present)
- "Diocese of Fréjus–Toulon". Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved 21 January 2015.
- Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. p. 350.
- "Fréjus". Catholic Encyclopedia. Retrieved 2007-02-18.
- "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-04-23. Retrieved 2016-05-12.
- Giovanni Domenico Mansi (1759). Giovan Domenico Mansi, ed. Sacrorum conciliorum nova et amplissima collectio (in Latin). Tomus Quartus (IV) (editio novissima ed.). Florence: Antonio Zatta. pp. 491–499.
- Barr Ferree, "French Cathedrals: Fréjus," Architectural Record. Volume 7. McGraw-Hill. 1897. pp. 134–142, at p. 138.
- C. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica II (Monasterii 1914), p. 25. Eubel, III, p. 56.
- Mahmoud Salem Elsheikh (1977). Leggenda di San Torpè (in Italian). Firenze: Presso l'Accademia della Crusca.
- Joseph Bergin (2004). Crown, Church, and Episcopate Under Louis XIV. New Haven CT USA: Yale University Press. p. 322. ISBN 978-0-300-10356-4.
- Duchesne, p. 285, no. 1.
- Leontius of Fréjus (419-433), brother of Castor of Apt and friend of John Cassian, who dedicated to him his first ten "Collationes", and of St. Honoratus, founder of the monastery of Lérins
- He participated in the Councils of Riez in 439, Orange in 441, Vaison in 442, Arles in 450, and Arles (probably) in 455. Duchesne, p. 285, no. 2.
- Asterius, episcopus Forojuliensis was present at a Roman council in November of 465 under Pope Hilarius, along with the Bishops of Embrun and Avignon. Albanès, Gallia christiana novissima, pp. 320-321. Despite Albanès' vigorous argumentation, Duchesne (p. 285 note 7) is hesitant and does not include Asterius in his list.
- Auxilius of Ireland (c. 475), formerly a monk of Lérins, and later a martyr under Euric, Arian King of the Visigoths Albanès, p. 321-323.
- Ralph W. Mathisen (1999). Ruricius of Limoges and Friends: A Collection of Letters from Visigothic Gaul ; Letters of Ruricius of Limoges, Caesarius of Arles, Euphrasius of Clermont, Faustus If Riez, Graecus of Marseilles, Paulinus of Bordeaux, Sedatus of Nîmes, Sidonius Apollinaris, Taurentius and Victorinus of Fréjus. Liverpool UK: Liverpool University Press. ISBN 978-0-85323-703-7.
- At the Council of Arles in 524, a Bishop Joannes is mentioned, but without his diocese. It is conjectured that he was Bishop of Fréjus: Duchesne, p. 286, no. 4.
- Riculfus (973-1000) restored the ruins made by the Saracens, and built the cathedral and the episcopal palace.
- Bertrand (1044–91) founded the collegiate church of Barjols
- Pope Innocent III (1198-1216) authorized the Archbishop of Aix to accept the resignation of Bishop Fredol, in accordance with the bishop's wishes, on the grounds of insufficientiam et defectum. Brenda Bolton, Derek Baker, ed. (3 August 1972). Schism, Heresy and Religious Protest. Ecclesiastical History Society, Studies in Church History, 9. Cambridge: CUP Archive. pp. 81, n. 2. ISBN 978-0-521-08486-4. J.-P. Migne (ed.) Patrologiae Latinae Tomus CCXIV 214, p. 374.
- He was forced to resign due to ill health: Georges de Manteyer (1908). La Provence du premier au douzième siècle: études d'histoire et de géographie politique (in French). Tome 1. Paris: Picard. p. 398.
- Eubel, I, p. 252. Albanès, p. 364-366.
- Eubel, I, p. 532. Albanès, p. 367, is of the opinion that Pierre du Pin was never bishop of Fréjus. Bulls of appointment and consecration were never issued.
- Eubel, I, p. 252 and n. 8. Albanès, pp. 368-369.
- Emmanuel was an appointee of Urban VI, of the Roman Obedience. He never claimed his throne or his income. Only one document concerning him survives, dated 2 November 1385: the grant of an extension for the paying of the fees due to the Apostolic Camera for his appointment: Albanès, pp. 374-375.
- Louis de Bouillac was appointed by Pope Clement VII of the Avignon Obedience. Albanès, pp. 375-376.
- Gilles (Aegidius Juvenalis) was appointed by Pope Alexander V, elected by the Cardinals of both the Roman and the Avignon Obedience, at the Council of Pisa. Albanès, pp. 376-378.
- Eubel, II, p. 155.
- Eubel, III, p. 197.
- Eubel, III, p. 197.
- Eubel, III, p. 197.
- Honoré Jean P. Fisquet (1864). La France pontificale . Métropole de Bordeaux. Bordeaux (in French). Paris: É. Repos. pp. 347–350.
- Rigouard was elected on 12 April 1791, and consecrated in Paris on 22 May by Constitutional Bishop Gobel. He was one of the "Reunis" of 1795, who wanted to make their peace with the Pope. He died on 5 May 1800. Paul Pisani (1907). Répertoire biographique de l'épiscopat constitutionnel (1791-1802). (in French). Paris: A. Picard et fils. pp. 350–352.
- Espitalier (1904), pp. 75-92.
- Espitalier (1904), pp. 94-96.
- E. Clouzot and M. Prou, ed. (1923). Recueil des historiens de la France: Pouillés (in French and Latin). Tome 8. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale. pp. 63 ff.
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. pp. 551–552. (Use with caution; obsolete)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin) p. 252.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. (in Latin) p. 155.
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. 197-198.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. pp. 189.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. pp. 203–204.
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. p. 218.
- Albanés, Joseph Hyacinthe; Ulysse Chevalier (1899). Gallia christiana novissima: Aix, Apt, Fréjus, Gap, Riez et Sisteron (in Latin). Montbéliard: Société anonyme d'imprimerie montbéliardaise.
- Duchesne, Louis (1907). Fastes épiscopaux de l'ancienne Gaule: I. Provinces du Sud-Est. Paris: Fontemoing. pp. 285–286. second edition (in French)
- Espitalier, Hippolyte (1894). Évêques de Fréjus, du VI au XIII siècle (in French). Draguignan: C. et A Latil.
- Espitalier, Hippolyte (1898). Les évêques de Fréjus, du XIIIe à la fin du XVIIIe siècle (in French). Draguignan: Latel.
- Espitalier, Hippolyte (1904). Les évêques de Fréjus, au XIX siècle (in French). Fréjus: Cisson.
- Goettelmann, Paul Augustus (1933). The Baptistry of Fréjus: A Restoration Based on the Architectural and Historical Evidence. Washington DC USA: Catholic University of America.
- Font-Réaulx, J. de. La carte et la structure: Les évéques de Fréjus du VIe au XIIIe siècle
- Teissier, Octave (1899). La Cathédrale de Fréjus (in French). Draguignan: C. et A. Latil.
- (French) Centre national des Archives de l'Église de France, L’Épiscopat francais depuis 1919, retrieved: 2016-12-24.
- This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "article name needed". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.