Bishop of Kilmacduagh
The Bishop of Kilmacduagh was a separate episcopal title which took its name after the village of Kilmacduagh in County Galway, Republic of Ireland. In both the Church of Ireland and the Roman Catholic Church, the title is now united with other bishoprics.
In the seventh century, the monastery of Kilmacduagh was founded by Saint Colman, son of Duagh. It was not until 1152 that the Diocese of Kilmacduagh was established at the Synod of Kells. After the Reformation, there were parallel apostolic successions.
- In the Church of Ireland
The Church of Ireland bishopric of Kilmacduagh was united with Clonfert to form the united bishopric of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh in 1625. Under the Church Temporalities (Ireland) Act 1833, the united see became part of the bishopric of Killaloe and Clonfert in 1834. Since 1976, Kilmacduagh has been one of the sees held by the Bishop of Limerick and Killaloe.
- In the Roman Catholic Church
The Roman Catholic Church bishopric of Kilmacduagh continued as a separate title until 1750 when Pope Benedict XIV decreed that it to be united with the bishopric of Kilfenora. Since Kilmacduagh was in the Ecclesiastical province of Tuam while Kilfenora was in the Province of Cashel, it was arranged that the ordinary of the united dioceses was to be alternately bishop of one diocese and apostolic administrator of the other. The first holder of this unusual arrangement was Peter Kilkelly, who had been Bishop of Kilmacduagh since 1744, became Apostolic Administrator of Kilfenora in September 1750. In 1883, the see of Kilmacduagh was united with Galway. Since that date, Kilfenora has been administered by that united diocese as an Apostolic Vicariate. Since the territory of an Apostolic Vicariate comes directly under the pope as "universal bishop", the pope exercises his authority in Kilfenora through a "vicar".
|Pre-Reformation Bishops of Kilmacduagh|
|unknown||1137||?Ua Clérig||Died in office|
|unknown||1176||Ímar Ua Ruaidín||Died in office|
|before 1179||1204||Mac Gilla Cellaig Ua Ruaidín||Died in office|
|1206||1215||I. Ua Cellaig||Elected bishop before February 1206; died 1215|
|unknown||1224||Máel Muire Ó Connaig||Died in office|
|1227||unknown||Áed||Formerly Precentor of Kilmacduagh; elected before 12 May 1227 and received possession of the temporalities after that date; date of death or end of episcopate unknown; also known as Odo|
|unknown||1247||Conchobar Ó Muirdaig||Died in office|
|1248||1253||Gilla Cellaig Ó Ruaidín||Elected before 5 May 1248 and received possession of the temporalities after that date; died before 10 November 1253; also known as Gillebertus|
|1254||1284||Mauricius Ó Leaáin||Elected before 15 May 1254 and received possession of the temporalities after that date; died before 16 January 1284|
|1284||1290||David Ó Sétacháin||Elected and received possession of the temporalities after 27 March 1284; died before 13 June 1290|
|1290||1307||Lúrint Ó Lachtnáin||Formerly Abbot of Knockmoy; elected bishop before 10 August 1290 and received possession of the temporalities after that date; died before 1 March 1307; also known as Laurentius|
|c.1307||1325||Lucas||Elected bishop c. 1307; died 1325|
|1326||c.1357||Johannes||Elected before May 1326 and received possession of the temporalities on 14 May 1326; died c. 1357|
|1358||1393||Nicol Ó Leaáin||Appointed on 16 November 1358 and consecrated in 1360; died before October 1393|
|1394||1397||Gregorius Ó Leaáin||Appointed on 14 October 1393 and consecrated c. 1394; confirmed bishop on 30 August 1396; died 1397|
|1405||unknown||Énri Ó Connmhaigh||Translated from Clonfert on 11 March 1405; date of death or end of episcopate unknown|
|unknown||1410||Dionysius||Died c. May 1410|
|1409||1418||Eugenius Ó Faoláin||Appointed on 23 September 1409 (papal bulls expediated on 25 May 1410; translated to Bishop of Killaloe on 6 July 1418|
|1418||1419||Diamaid Ó Donnchadha||Appointed and consecrated c. July 1418; died before October 1419|
|1419||(Nicol Ó Duibhghiolla)||Elected before October 1419, but did not take effect|
|1419||1441||Seaán Ó Connmhaigh||Appointed on 23 October 1419; died before May 1441|
|1441||1478||Dionysius Ó Donnchadha||Appointed on 10 May 1441; died before December 1478|
|1479||1503||Cornelius "'O'Mullony"||Appointed on 8 January 1479; resigned on 8 March 1503; possibly was surnamed Ó Maoldomhnaigh|
|1503||1533||Matthaeus Ó Briain||Appointed on 8 March 1503; died before August 1533|
|1533||(Malachias O'Mallony)||Appointed on 8 August 1533, but did not take effect|
Bishops during the Reformation
|Bishops of Kilmacduagh during the Reformation|
|1533||1542||Christopher Bodkin||Appointed on 3 September and consecrated on 4 November 1533; accepted royal supremacy and appointed Church of Ireland Archbishop of Tuam by King Henry VIII on 15 February 1537, but continued to hold Kilmacduagh; absolved from schism by Cardinal Pole and appointed Roman Catholic apostolic administrator of Tuam and Kilmacduagh on 7 October 1555; died in office in 1572; also known as Christopher Bobkyn or Bodekin|
|1542||1555||Cornelius O'Dea||Appointed Roman Catholic bishop by the Holy See on 5 May 1542 in opposition to Bodkin, but was unable to get possession of the see; not known if he was ever consecrated; resigned when Bodkin was absolved in 1555|
Church of Ireland succession
|Church of Ireland Bishops of Kilmacduagh|
|1573||1582||Stephen Kirwan||Nominated on 9 January 1572 and appointed by letters patent on 13 April 1573; translated to Clonfert on 24 May 1582; also known as Stephen Kerovan and O'Kirwan|
|1585||(Thomas Burke)||Referred as the bishop-elect in 1585, but was not consecrated|
|1587||1625||Roland Lynch||Nominated on 9 January and consecrated in August 1587; also held in commendam the see of Clonfert 1602–1625; died in December 1625|
|1625||1834||See part of the united bishopric of Clonfert and Kilmacduagh|
|1834||1976||See part of the united bishopric of Killaloe and Clonfert|
|since 1976||See part of the united bishopric of Limerick and Killaloe|
Roman Catholic succession
|Roman Catholic Bishops of Kilmacduagh|
|1576||1610||Malachy O'Moloney||Translated from Killaloe on 22 August 1576; died 1610|
|1629||unknown||(Oliver Burke, O.P.)||Appointed vicar apostolic by papal brief on 28 November 1629|
|1647||1656||Hugh Burke, O.F.M.||Appointed on 11 March 1647; died c. 1656|
|1671||unknown||(Michael Lynch)||Appointed vicar apostolic by papal brief on 30 June 1671|
|1695||1713||(Ambrose O'Madden)||Nominated Bishop of Killala and Administrator of Kilmacduagh on 30 August 1695; nominated Bishop of Kilmacduagh on 15 November 1703 and papal brief on 15 March 1707; he was not consecrated and probably continued as administrator; translated to Clonfert on 15 September 1713|
|1720||unknown||Francis de Burgo||Appointed on 5 June and consecrated on 1 May 1720; death date or end of episcopate unknown|
|1723||1732||Bernard O'Hara, O.F.M.||Appointed in December 1723; died before November 1732|
|1732||unknown||Martin (Milo) Burke||Appointed on 22 November 1732; consecrated on 8 March 1733; death date or end of episcopate unknown|
|1744||1783||Peter Kilkelly, O.P.||Appointed on 22 June and consecrated on 14 October 1744; also became Apostolic Administrator of Kilfenora when the two dioceses united in September 1750; died on 29 May 1783|
|1750||1883||See part of the united bishopric of Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora|
|since 1883||See part of the united diocese of Galway, Kilmacduagh and Kilfenora|
- "The Dioceses of Ireland: Territorial History". RootsWeb. Retrieved 18 May 2009.
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 398.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, p. 438.
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, p. 435.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, p. 390.
- Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 2, pp. 157–158.
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 361–362.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 330–331.
- Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 2, pp. 158–159.
- Fryde et al. 1986, Handbook of British Chronology, pp. 398 and 435.
- Moody, Martin & Byrne 1984, Maps, Genealogies, Lists, pp. 390 and 438.
- Brady 1876, The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, volume 2, pp. 159–167.
- Brady, W. Maziere (1876). The Episcopal Succession in England, Scotland and Ireland, A.D. 1400 to 1875. Volume 2. Rome: Tipografia Della Pace.
- Fryde, E. B.; Greenway, D. E.; Porter, S.; Roy, I., eds. (1986). Handbook of British Chronology (3rd, reprinted 2003 ed.). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0-521-56350-X.
- Moody, T. W.; Martin, F. X.; Byrne, F. J., eds. (1984). Maps, Genealogies, Lists: A Companion to Irish History, Part II. New History of Ireland. Volume XI. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 0-19-821745-5.