Archbishop of Melanesia
The Archbishop of Melanesia is the spiritual head of the Church of the Province of Melanesia, which is a province of the Anglican Communion in the South Pacific region, covering the nations of Solomon Islands and Vanuatu. From 1861 until the inauguration of Church of the Province of Melanesia in 1975, the Bishop of Melanesia was the head of the Diocese of Melanesia.
Responsibility of the Archbishop
The Church of Melanesia consists of eight dioceses, formed into a single province. The Archbishop of Melanesia is therefore:
- Diocesan Bishop of the Diocese of Central Melanesia;
- Metropolitan Archbishop of the Province;
- Primate of the Melanesian Church, and its representative to the Anglican Primates' meeting.
History of the See
The first Bishop of Melanesia was John Patteson, consecrated in 1861. Three years later his church suffered its first two martyrdoms, and the Bishop was himself martyred in September 1871. He is now remembered in the calendar (list of saints) of many Anglican provinces. The mission to Melanesia advanced, and the diocese was subdivided and regional diocesan bishops created, until in 1975 it was officially formed into a new Province of the Anglican church with the Bishop of Melanesia, John Chisholm, becoming the first Bishop of Central Melanesia and Archbishop of Melanesia.
The primatial archbishop title belongs ex officio to the diocesan bishop of that metropolitan see – as such, the bishop elected as Archbishop leaves his previous see and is translated to Central Melanesia in order to become primate. Chisholm died shortly after appointment and the then dean of St. Barnabas Cathedral, Norman Palmer, was chosen the second Archbishop. After the retirement of Archbishop Norman, the third Archbishop was Amos Waiaru, who served until Ellison Pogo replaced him in the office where he served for fourteen years from 1994 to December 2008. He was honored by Elizabeth II – becoming a Knight of the Order of the British Empire[N 1] – and by the Archbishop of Canterbury – being awarded the rare medal of the Order of St Augustine.
List of Bishops and Archbishops of Melanesia
|Bishops of Melanesia|
|1861||1871||John Patteson||Martyred in office.|
|1877||1892||John Selwyn||Invalided back to the United Kingdom.|
|1894||1911||Cecil Wilson||Translated to Bunbury, Australia.|
|1912||1919||Cecil Wood||Returned to the United Kingdom.|
|1919||1928||John Steward||Returned to the United Kingdom.|
|1928||1931||Frederick Molyneux||Assistant bishop in Melanesia since 1924; resigned following a mental breakdown.|
|1931||1937||John Dickinson, Assistant Bishop of Melanesia||Assistant bishop only; returned to the United Kingdom.|
|1932||1947||Walter Baddeley||Translated to Whitby and later Blackburn.|
|1968||1975||John Chisholm||Previously auxiliary bishop in New Guinea; became Archbishop of Melanesia in 1975.|
|Archbishops of Melanesia|
|1975||1975||John Chisholm||Died in office.|
|1988||1993||Amos Waiaru||Translated from Temotu.|
|1994||2008||Sir Ellison Pogo[N 1]||Translated from Ysabel; knighted in 2000.|
|2009||present||David Vunagi||Translated from Temotu.|
Election of an Archbishop
The college of electors, who choose the new primate during a vacancy, last met from 3–5 March 2009, to carry out their electoral duties following Sir Ellison's retirement. They elected David Vunagi, Bishop of Temotu, as the new Archbishop of Melanesia. He was therefore translated to the Diocese of Central Melanesia and became the Archbishop of Melanesia ex officio. He was enthroned on the Feast of Pentecost, 31 May 2009.
- It appears that, despite the tradition that knighted clergy do not use the title "Sir", Pogo is commonly referred to as Sir Ellison.