Roman Catholic Diocese of Rodez

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Diocese of Rodez-Vabres
Ruthenensis-Vabrensis
Diocèse de Rodez-Vabres
Rodez cathedrale.JPG
Location
Country  France
Ecclesiastical province Toulouse
Metropolitan Archdiocese of Toulouse
Statistics
Area 8,743 km2 (3,376 sq mi)
Population
- Total
- Catholics
(as of 2014)
279,400 (est.)
271,400 (est.) (97.1%)
Parishes 36
Information
Denomination Roman Catholic
Sui iuris church Latin Church
Rite Roman Rite
Established 5th Century (As Diocese of Rodez)
27 May 1875 (As Diocese of Rodez-Vabres)
Cathedral Cathedral Basilica of Notre Dame in Rodez
Patron saint St. Amandus
Secular priests 142 (diocesan)
18 (Religious Orders)
Current leadership
Pope Francis
Bishop François Fonlupt
Metropolitan Archbishop Robert Jean Louis Le Gall
Website
Website of the Diocese
Interior of the Cathedral, Rodez
Map showing the Aveyron

The Roman Catholic Diocese of Rodez (Latin: Dioecesis Ruthenensis) is a diocese of the Latin Rite of the Roman Catholic Church in France.[1] The Episcopal seat is in Rodez. The diocese corresponds exactly to the Department of Aveyron (formerly Rouergue).

Originally erected in the 5th century, the Diocese of Rodez lost territory when the Diocese of Vabres was created by Pope John XXII on 11 July 1317. In 1801, the diocese was suppressed and its territory split and merged with the diocese of Cahors and the Diocese of Saint-Flour.

In 1817, the diocese was restored and given jurisdiction over the ancient diocese of Rodez, with the exception of (1) the deanery of Saint Antonin, which was incorporated with the Diocese of Montauban; (2) the ancient Diocese of Vabres; and (3) a few scattered communes of the Diocese of Cahors.

It was suffragan of the archdiocese of Bourges until 1676,[2] then of the archdiocese of Albi, until 2002, when the diocese became a suffragan of the archdiocese of Toulouse.

Foundation[edit]

Modern tradition attributes to St. Martial the foundation of the church of Rodez and the sanctuary of the Blessed Virgin at Ceignac, for according to Cardinal Bourret,[citation needed] the church of Rodez honoured St. Martial as early as the sixth century. There were evidently bishops of Rodez before 475, since Sidonius Apollinaris, in a letter of AD 475, mentions that the Goths left it at that date without bishops.[3]

Middle Ages[edit]

Vabres[edit]

The Benedictine Abbey of Vabres, founded in 862 by Raymond I, Count of Toulouse.[4] In 1061 or 1062 the abbey was in such a state of decay both in personnel and good order that its abbot, Deusdedit, arranged for it to submit itself to the control of the Abbey of S. Victor in Marseille; the abbot may have been encouraged or ordered by Pope Nicholas II to do so.[5] The abbey and its territory was raised to episcopal rank in 1317, and its diocesan territory was taken from the southeastern portion of the Diocese of Rodez.[6]

Some scholars hold that within the limits of the modern Diocese of Rodez there existed in Merovingian times the See of Arisitum which, according to Louis Duchesne, was in the neighbourhood of Alais.

Conques[edit]

The Diocese of Rodez is famous also through the Abbey of Conques and the cult of Saint Faith (Sainte Foy). Some Christians, flying from the Saracens about 730, sought a refuge in the "Val Rocheux" of the Dourdou and built an oratory there. In 790 the hermit Dadon made this his abode and aided by Louis the Pious, then King of Aquitaine, founded an abbey, which Louis named Conques. In 838 Pepin, King of Aquitaine, gave the monastery of Figeac to Conques. Between 877 and 883 the monks carried off the body of the youthful martyr Faith or Foy from the monastery of Sainte Foy to Conques, where it became the object of a great pilgrimage.

Abbot Odolric built the abbey church between 1030 and 1060; on the stonework over the doorway is carved the most artistic representation in France of the Last Judgment. Abbot Begon (1099–1118) enriched Conques with a superb reliquary of beaten gold and cloisonne's enamels of a kind extremely rare in France. Pope Paschal II gave him permission for the name of Sainte-Foy to be inserted in the Canon of the Mass after the names of the Roman virgins. At this time Conques, with Agen and Schelestadt in Alsace, was the centre of the cult of Saint Faith which soon spread to England, Spain, and America. The statue of St. Faith seated, which dates from the tenth century, was originally a small wooden one covered with gold leaf. In time, gems, enamels, and precious stones were added in such quantities that it is a living treatise on the history of the goldsmiths' art in France between the eleventh and sixteenth centuries. It was known during the Middle Ages as the "Majesté de Sainte Foy". The shrine enclosing the relics of the saint, which in 1590 was hidden in the masonry connecting the pillars of the choir of the abbey church, was rediscovered in 1875, repaired, transferred to the cathedral of Rodez for a novena, and brought back to Conques, a distance of 40 km, on the shoulders of the clergy.[7]

Other monastic foundations[edit]

The Cistercian Abbeys of Silbanès, Beaulieu, Loc-Dieu, Bonneval, and Bonnecombe were model-farms during the Middle Ages. Attacked by brigands in the Rouergue country on his way to Santiago di Compostella, Adalard, Viscount of Flanders, erected in 1031 a monastery known as the Domerie d'Aubrac, a special order of priests, knights, lay brothers, ladies, and lay sisters for the care and protection of travellers. At Milhau, Rodez, Nazac, and Bozouls, hospitals, styled "Commanderies", of this order of Aubrac adopted the rule of St. Augustine in 1162.

The Franciscans had four houses, at Rodez, Villefranche, Millau, and Saint-Antonin. The Carmelites had two houses, at Millau, and Saint-Antonin. The Benedictines had two houses, at Sévérac-le-Chateau and at Rieupayroux. The Carthusians had two houses, at Rodez and at Villefranche. The Capuchins had four houses, at Rodez, Villefranche, Millau, and Saint-Antonin. There were Augustinian Canons at Villefranche and Saint-Geniès-d'Olt.[8]

Town of Rodez[edit]

During the Middle Ages the Bishop of Rodez held temporal dominion over that portion of the town known as the Cité while in the eleventh century the Bourg became the County of Rodez. Until the expulsion of the English, the Rouergue was subject to the ducs de Guyenne, who were kings of England.[9] In 1770 the Bishop was the Count of Rodez, and was possessed of high, middle and low justice.[10] In 1770 the town itself had a population of around 5,000 persons, and was divided into two parishes, Saint-Amans (with 2,800 inhabitants) and Saint Martin-des-Près, in addition to the Cathedral parish.[11] The cathedral of Rodez (thirteenth and fourteenth centuries) is a beautiful Gothic building, famous for its belfry (1510–26) and unique rood-beam. The design of the façade is attributed to Guillaume Philandrier, who had been secretary of Bishop Georges d'Armagnac, and who had been given a Canonry in the Cathedral. It was spared during the Revolution for dedication to Marat.[clarification needed] In 1772 the Cathedral Chapter was composed of twenty-five Canons, including 4 Archdeacons (Rodez, Millau, Saint-Antonin and Conques[12]), a Sacristan, a Master of the Works, and the Precentor. There were twenty-five choral vicars, 4 hebdomidaires, a sub-cantor, and twenty-five choristers.[13] The primary education of young children in the town was in the hands of four members of the Brothers of Christian Doctrine.[14]

There were also eleven collegiate churches in the diocese, each with Canons:[15]

  • Villefranche (a Provost, Sacristan, ten canons).
  • Saint-Foy de Conques (twenty canons, including the Abbot commendatory, Provost, Dean, Sacristan, Precentor, Treasurer, and Primicier).
  • Saint-Christophe (Prior and eleven Canons).
  • Varen (Dean, Sacristan, eight canons, two prebendaries).
  • Mur-de-Barrès (Dean, Sacristan, ten canons, two hebdomidaires, and ten prebendaries).
  • Salles-Curan (six canons and two clerics), founded by Bishop Delatour.
  • Saint-Léons (Prior and ten canons).
  • Lapanouse (five priests named by the Archdeacon of Rodez).
  • Saint-Laurent-d'Olt (seven members).
  • Saint-Antonin (twelve canons-regular and twelve secular prebendaries).
  • Aubrac (twelve to fourteen canons-regular).

Early modern period[edit]

The town of Millau (Milhau or Milhaud) adopted Calvinism in 1534, and in 1573 and 1620 was the scene of two large assemblies of Protestant deputies.[16] It was at Millau in the summer of 1574 that Henri, Prince of Condé (1552–1588) was elected 'Protector' of the Calvinist community in France (chef et gouverneur général des églises de France), beginning the Fifth War of Religion. There was, for a time, a Protestant college in Millau. In 1629 Milhau and Saint-Afrique, another Protestant stronghold, were taken and dismantled by order of Louis XIII.[17]

In 1628 a plague at Villefranche carried off 8000 inhabitants within six months; Father Ambroise, a Franciscan, and the chief of police Jean de Pomayrol saved the lives of many little children by causing them to bo suckled by goats.[citation needed][dubious ]

In 1772, at the end of the Ancien Regime, the diocese of Rodez had about 275,500 inhabitants. It was composed of 475 parishes and 66 annexes (churches maintained for the convenience of parishioners who lived too far from the parish church); they were divided into 48 districts, each with a Vicar Forane (supervisory priest) who was generally resident in the principal village of his district.[18]

Bishops of Rodez[edit]

to 1200[edit]

Sede vacante
  • Faraldus :(attested in 838)[29]
  • Elissachar : (attested in 862)[30]
  • Aymar (Adhemar)[31]
  • Frotardus (attested 887)[32]
  • Gausbertus[33]
  • Deusdedit : (922)[34]
  • Georgius (Jorius)
  • Adhemar (Hacmar)
  • Mengafrid (Manfroi) : (attested in 942)[35]
  • Stephanus (attested in 946, 964, 966)[36]
  • Deodatus : (attested in 961, 974 and 1004)[37]
  • Begon : ( ? )[38]
  • Arnaldus : (attested 1028, 1030)[39]
  • Geraldus (Geraud) : (attested in 1034, 1037)[40]
  • Petrus Berengarii de Narbonne[41]
  • Pontius Stephani : (1079 – after 1082)[42]
  • Raymond de Frotard : (attested in 1095)
  • Adhemar : (died between 1138 and 1144)[43]
  • N. : (ruled 3 years; deposed by Pope Eugene III
  • Pierre : (attested 1146 to 1164)[44]
  • Hugues de Rodez : (ca 1162 – 1214)[45]

from 1200 to 1600[edit]

  • Pierre de Treille : (1 July 1211 – ?)[46]
  • B.[47]
  • A.[48]
  • Berengarius Centulli : (12 December 1246 – ? )
  • Vivianus : (by 15 March 1247 – 1274)[49]
  • Raymond de Calomonte : (23 October 1274 – ca. 1298)[50]
  • Bernardus de Monastier : (1298 – 1299)
  • Gasto de Cornet (Cornon) : (1300-1301)
  • Petrus Pleine-Chassagne : (1302-1318)
  • Petrus de Castelnau : (1318–1336)[51]
  • Bernardus d'Albi : (1336–1338)
  • Girbertus de Cantabrio : (27 January 1339 – 1348/1349)
  • Raymond d'Aigrefeuille : (17 June 1349 – 1361)
  • Faydite d'Aigrefeuille : (2 August 1361 – 18 July 1371)[52]
  • Jean de Cardillac : (18 July 1371 – ) Administrator
  • Bertrand Raffin : (24 January 1379 – 1385) (Avignon Obedience)
  • Henri de Senery (Senry) : (18 May 1385 – 1397) (Avignon Obedience)
  • Guillaume d'Ortolan:[53] (25 May 1397 – 1417) (Appointed by Benedict XIII)
  • Vitalis de Mauléon : (31 December 1417 – 1429) (Appointed by Benedict XIII)
  • Guillaume de la Tour : (16 March 1429 – )[54]
  • Bertrand de Chalançon : (22 April 1457 – 1494)[55]
  • Bertrand de Polignac : (2 June 1494 – 2 November 1501).
  • Charles de Tournon : 1501 – 1504)[56]
  • François d'Estaing (de Stagno) : (21 October 1504 – 1 November 1529)[57]
  • Georges d'Armagnac : (1529 Appointed - 1536):[58]
  • Jacques de Corneillan : (27 June 1561 – 1580)[59]
  • François de Corneillan : (12 October 1580 – 1605)

from 1600[edit]

Episcopal Palace at Rodez (North wing: 1684-1694)
  • Bernardin de Corneillan : (9 August 1605 – 1647)[60]
  • Hardouin de Péréfixe de Beaumont : (22 Apr 1648 Appointed - 30 Jul 1662) (Appointed Archbishop of Paris)
  • Louis Abelly : (9 June 1664 – 1666)[61]
  • Gabriel de Voyer de Paulmy d'Argenson : (1666 Appointed - 11 Oct 1682 Died)[62]
  • Paul-Louis-Philippe de Lézay de Lusignan : (1684 - 25 Feb 1716 Died)[63]
  • Jean Armand de la Voue de Tourouvre : (8 June 1718 – 18 September 1733)[64]
...
  • Jean d'Yse (d'Ize) de Saléon  : (11 April 1736 - 19 December 1746)[65]
  • Charles de Grimaldi d'Antibes  : (19 December 1746 - 10 Mar 1770 Died)[66]
  • Jérôme-Marie Champion de Cicé  : (6 August 1770 - 30 March 1781)[67]
  • Charles Seignelay-Colbert de Castle Hill : (2 Apr 1781 - 1801 Resigned)[68]
...

Saints[edit]

Among Saints specially honoured in the Diocese of Rodez and Vabres are:

The chief shrines of the diocese are: Notre Dame de Ceignac, an ancient shrine rebuilt and enlarged in 1455, which over 15,000 pilgrims visited annually before World War I; Notre Dame du Saint Voile at Coupiac, another ancient[vague] shrine; Notre Dame des Treize Pierres at Villefranche, a pilgrimage site dating from 1509.[citation needed]

Natives[edit]

Among natives of the diocese are:

References[edit]

  1. ^ David M. Cheney, Catholic-Hierarchy: Roman Catholic Diocese of Rodez, retrieved: 2016-12-11.[self-published source?]
  2. ^ Touzery, p. 11, gives the date of 1675.
  3. ^ Sidonius Apollinaris, VII. 6. Duchesne, p. 40.
  4. ^ Étienne Fournial (1989). Cartulaire de l'abbaye de Vabres au diocèse de Rodez: essai de reconstitution d'un manuscrit disparu (in French and Latin). Rodez: Université de Saint-Etienne. pp. 5–6. GGKEY:BUZTW0WLL1P. 
  5. ^ Calmet, p. 491.
  6. ^ Bulls of Pope John XXII in Calmet, pp. 513-521.
  7. ^ Bouillet, Auguste; iServières, Louis (1900). Sainte Foy, vierge & martyre (in French). Rodez: E. Carrère. pp. 417–420.  Auguste Bouillet; L. Servières (1904). Sainte Foy (in French). Rodez: Carrère. pp. 49–52; 62–63. 
  8. ^ Lempereur, p. xvi.
  9. ^ Touzery, p. 11.
  10. ^ Lempereur, p. 432. The parish priest of Saint-Amans noted (p. 436), however, that Henri IV was the last Count of Rodez, and that the title and high justice thereupon belonged to the King.
  11. ^ Ritzler, VI, p. 361, note 1. Cf. Lempereur, p. 432; 436-440.
  12. ^ Touzery, p. 13.
  13. ^ Lempereur, p. xv.
  14. ^ Lempereur, p. 434.
  15. ^ Lempereur, p. xv-xvi.
  16. ^ Perez Zagorin (1982). Rebels and Rulers, 1500-1660: Volume 2, Provincial Rebellion. Cambridge University Press. pp. 63–64. ISBN 978-0-521-28712-8.  Léonce Anquez (1859). Histoire des assemblées politiques des réformés de France: 1573-1622 (in French). Durand. pp. 7–16. 
  17. ^ A. D. Lublinskaya; Brian Pearce (2008). French Absolutism: The Crucial Phase, 1620-1629. Cambridge University Press. pp. 204 and 210. ISBN 978-0-521-08843-5. 
  18. ^ A survey (pouillé) of the entire diocese was taken by order of Bishop de Cice, beginning on 15 October 1771. Lempereur, pp. i-ii; viii-ix.
  19. ^ Maisonabe (ed.), "Sicard, 'Ruthena christiana'", pp. 331-333; Touzery, pp. 17-35, rejecting all critical scholarship in favor of local tradition, local amateur historians and dilettantes, and dubious scholarly procedures (such as arguments e silentio); he affirms that Martial was a disciple of St. Peter, and that he was accompanied by Amadour (also known as Zachaeus) and his wife Veronica (who owned the veil with the image of Christ imprinted on it).
  20. ^ Amantius is known from a 9th century life. Duchesne, p. 40, no. 2.
  21. ^ Eustachius is not recognized by Duchesne, p. 40.
  22. ^ Quintianus assisted at the Councils of Agde (508) and Orléans (511). Jacques Sirmond (1789). Conciliorum Galliae tam editorum quam ineditorum collectio (in Latin). Tomus primus. Paris: P. Didot. pp. 796 and 843.  He fled from the Goths to Auvergne, and was later Bishop of Clermont (Civitas Arvernorum). Gams, p. 612. Duchesne, p. 40, no. 2.
  23. ^ Dalmatius participated in the Councils of Auvergne (535) and Orleans (541). He died ca. 580, according to Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum V. 46. Gams, p. 612. Duchesne, p. 40, no. 3.
  24. ^ Theodosius: Gregory of Tours, Historia Francorum V. 46 and VI 38. Gallia christiana I, pp. 199-200. Gams, p. 612. Duchesne, p. 40, no. 4.
  25. ^ Innocentius was Count of Gévaudan, and appointed following the death of Theodosius. Gallia christiana I, p. 200. Gams, p. 612. Duchesne, p. 40, no. 5.
  26. ^ Deusdedit: Gallia christiana I, p. 200. Gams, p. 612. He is not recognized by Duchesne, p. 40.
  27. ^ Verus attended the Council of Paris in 614, and the Council of Clichy in 627. Gallia christiana I, p. 201. Gams, p. 612. Duchesne, p. 40-41, no. 7.
  28. ^ Aredius: Gallia christiana I, p. 201. Gams, p. 612.
  29. ^ Faraldus: Gallia christiana I, p. 201. Desjardins (1863), p. 146. Duchesne, p. 41, no. 8.
  30. ^ Elizachar: Gallia christiana I, pp. 201-202. Desjardins (1863), p. 146. Duchesne, p. 41, no. 9.
  31. ^ Aymar was present at the council of Ponthyon in 876. Jacques Sirmond, Concilia antiqua Galliae tres in tomos ordine digesta Tomus III (Paris 1629), p. 444. He received a letter from Pope John VIII in 879: Desjardins (1863), p. 147.
  32. ^ Frotard: Bosc, p. 266.
  33. ^ Gausbert: Bosc, p. 266.
  34. ^ Deusdedit: Desjardins (1863), p. 149.
  35. ^ Manfroi: Desjardins (1863), pp. 154-155.
  36. ^ Étienne: Bosc, p. 267.
  37. ^ Deodatus: Desjardins (1863), pp. 149-150.
  38. ^ Bosc, p. 268.
  39. ^ Arnaud: Bosc, pp. 268-269.
  40. ^ Geraud: Bosc, p. 269-270.
  41. ^ Pierre Berengarii: Bosc, p. 270.
  42. ^ Ponce d'Étienne: Bosc, p. 270-271.
  43. ^ Adhemar: Bosc, pp. 271-272.
  44. ^ Pierre: Bosc, p. 272.
  45. ^ Hugues de Rodez: Gallia christiana I, pp. 208-209. Gams, p. 612. Bosc, pp. 272-273.
  46. ^ Pierre de Treille: Gams, p. 612. Eubel, I, p. 427.
  47. ^ Gallia christiana I, pp. 210-211.
  48. ^ Gallia christiana I, p. 211.
  49. ^ Vivianus was papal notary of Pope Innocent IV. Gallia christiana I, pp. 211-213. Eubel, I, p. 427, note 2.
  50. ^ Raymond was a Canon of the Cathedral of Rodez. Gallia christiana I, pp. 213-215. Eubel, I, p. 427.
  51. ^ P. Calmet, "Pierre de Castelnau, évêque de Rodez (1318–1334)," Annales de Saint-Louis-des-Français (in French). Rome: St. Louis-des-Français. 1897. pp. 103–139. 
  52. ^ Faydite d'Aigrefeuille held the Licenciate in Canon Law. He had been Chancellor of the Church of Bourges. He was transferred to the diocese of Avignon on 18 July 1371. Eubel, I, pp. 124; 427 with n. 9.
  53. ^ Marie-Henriette, Jullien de Pommerol (1986). "Guillaume d'Ortolan, Évêque de Rodez (1397-1417), et la bibliothèque de l'Éveché". Bibliothèque de l’École des chartes. 144 (2): 259–298. JSTOR 42959223. Retrieved 2016-12-11. (Registration required (help)). 
  54. ^ Guillaume resigned, and was appointed titular Bishop of Diospolis in Egypt. Eubel, I, p. 427; II, p. 226, note 1.
  55. ^ Eubel, II, p. 226.
  56. ^ Eubel, III, p. 288, with note 2.
  57. ^ A. Bion de Marlavagne (1839). Histoire du bienheureux François d'Estaing: evêque de Rodez (in French). Rodez: Ratery.  Eubel, III, p. 288, with note 3.
  58. ^ Georges d'Armagnac was a Canon of Rodez and held the Licenciate in Canon Law. He was appointed Bishop of Vabres on 3 July 1536. Eubel, III, p. 325.
  59. ^ Jacques had been Bishop of Vabres before being appointed to Rodez. He retired due to senility. Eubel, I, p. 288.
  60. ^ Gauchat, IV, p. 299.
  61. ^ Abelly (Abely) was born in Paris, and obtained a doctorate in theology from the University of Bordeaux. He resigned the office in order to become a follower of St. Vincent of Paul, whose biography he subsequently wrote. Gauchat, IV, p. 299.
  62. ^ Voyer de Paulmy: Ritzler, V, p. 338, with note 2.
  63. ^ De Lézay was born in Paris and held a Licenciate in theology. He was nominated bishop of Rodez by King Louis XIV on 31 May 1684, but, due to the conflict between the King and Pope Innocent XI he did not receive papal approval until 12 October 1693. He therefore enjoyed the income of Rodez as its Administrator, but he had no spiritual powers in the diocese until 1684. Ritzler, V, p. 338, with note 3.
  64. ^ La Voue was born in the family chateau in the diocese of Chartres. He was a Doctor of theology (Paris). He became Canon of the Cathedral Chapter of Rouen, then Archdeacon, and Vicar-General. On 18 May 1716 he was nominated bishop of Rodez by King Louis XV (in fact, by the Regent Philippe d'Orleans), and was preconized (approved) by Pope Clement XI on 8 June 1718. He died on 18 September 1733. Ritzler, V, p. 338, with note 4.
  65. ^ D'Yse was appointed Archbishop of Vienne on 19 December 1746. Ritzler, VI, p. 361, with note 2.
  66. ^ Grimaldi held a Licenciate in theology (Paris). He was Vicar-General of Rouen and a royal eleemosynary. He was nominated bishop of Rodez by King Louis XV on 11 September 1746. He was consecrated on 22 Jan 1747. Ritzler, VI, p. 361, with note 3. Grimaldi's nephew was Louis-André Grimaldi, Bishop of Le Mans, who sometimes substituted for his uncle at Rodez, as in the case of the Sacrament of Confirmation in the Cathedral in 1768. The Bishop of Le Mans was also Prior of St.-Côme and Prior of Brousse. Lempereur, p. 382; p. 435, with note 5; p. 543.
  67. ^ Champion was a doctor and fellow of the Sorbonne. He was nominated by King Louis XV on 24 June 1770, and preconized (approved) by Pope Clement XIV on 6 August 1770. He was nominated Archbishop of Bordeaux by King Louis XVI on 28 January 1781. He resigned the diocese of Rodez on 30 March 1781, and was appointed Archbishop of Bordeaux on 2 April 1781, and granted the pallium on the same day. Ritzler, VI, p. 134, with note 4; p. 361, with note 4.
  68. ^ Seignelay was born in the diocese of Moray, Scotland; his family was not related to the famous Colbert. He held a Licenciate in Civil and Canon Law. He was Vicar General of Toulouse for 16 years. He was nominated Bishop of Rodez by Louis XVI on 28 January 1781, and preconized (approved) by Pope Pius VI on 2 April 1781. He died in London in 1813. See the anonymous review in The Quarterly Review. Volume 48, no. 96. London: John Murray. 1832. pp. 468–469.  Ritzler, VI, p. 361, with note 5.
  69. ^ Bourret was born at Lubro in the Ardèche. He was Professor of Canon Law at the Sorbonne for 10 years. He became secretary of the Archbishop of Tours, and was Vicar-General of Périgueux. He was consecrated in Paris on 30 November 1871 by Archbishop Joseph Hippolyte Guibert. Martin Bräuer (27 February 2014). Handbuch der Kardinäle: 1846-2012 (in German). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG. pp. 166–167. ISBN 978-3-11-026947-5. 
  70. ^ Église catholique en Aveyron: Diocèse de Rodez, Biographie de l'Évêque, retrieved: 2016-12-11. (French)
  71. ^ Brian Daniel Starr (2013). Dictionary of Saints. Xlibris Corporation. p. 324. ISBN 978-1-4836-3600-9. [self-published source?]
  72. ^ Louis de Fiancette d'Agos (1854). Vie et miracles de Saint Bertrand. Avec une notice historique sur la Ville et les Evêques de Comminges: La Légende des Saints du pays et la description de l'Eglise Cathédrale (in French). Imprimerie et librairie d'Abadie. pp. 131–132. 

Sources[edit]

Reference works[edit]

Studies[edit]

Acknowledgment[edit]

 This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainHerbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "Rodez". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton.  (written by Georges Goyau)