Roman Catholic Diocese of Tivoli
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|Diocese of Tivoli
|Ecclesiastical province||Immediately subject to the Holy See|
|Area||892 km2 (344 sq mi)|
|(as of 2014)
178,400 (est.) (96%)
|Secular priests||90 (diocesan)
32 (Religious Orders)
The Diocese of Tivoli (Latin: Dioecesis Tiburtina) is a Roman Catholic ecclesiastical territory in Latium, Italy, which has existed since the 2nd century. In 2002 territory was added to it from the Territorial Abbey of Subiaco. The diocese is immediately subject to the Holy See.
Tivoli was strongly fortified by Belisarius in the Gothic War, but almost destroyed by Totila in 540. After the Lombard invasion it was in the power of the Byzantines and formed part of the patrimony of St. Peter. It had a count, representing the emperor. In 916 Pope John X won a victory there over the Saracens.
It rebelled at times against the popes, under Emperor Henry IV and Emperor Henry V, and against Pope Innocent II; at other times it fought against the Roman rebels, as under Pope Eugene III and Pope Adrian IV. In the 13th century the Senate of Rome succeeded (under Pope Innocent IV) in imposing a tribute on the city, and arrogated to itself the right of appointing a count to govern it in conjunction with the local consuls.
In the 14th century it sided with the Guelphs and strongly supported Pope Urban VI against Pope Clement VII. King Ladislaus of Naples was twice, and later Braccio da Montone once, repulsed from the city. But its strength was undermined by internal factions, in consequence of which Pope Pius II constructed the fortress which still exists. Pope Adrian VI withdrew it from the jurisdiction of the Roman Senate. In 1527 it was sacked by bands of the supporters of the emperor and the Colonna, important archives being destroyed during the attack. In 1547 it was again occupied by the Duke of Alba in a war against Pope Paul IV, and in 1744 by the Austrians.
- Paulus (366)
- Florentinus (402 ca.)
- Candidus (465);
- Hucbertus (945)
- Joannes (973)
- Gualterus (993-1000), under whom the feast of St. Lawrence, patron of the city, was instituted;
1000 to 1500
- Benedictus (1029)
- Adam (ca. 1061–1073)
- Maifred (attested 1117)
- Cardinal Guido (1123–1154); during whose episcopacy the see of Tivoli belonged to the suburbicarian sees.
- Otto (1155-1169), during whose episcopacy Pope Eugene III died at Tivoli (8 July 1153);
- Giovanni da Gabenna O.P. (1320-1337);
- Branca, O.P. (1337).
- Giovanni de Cors, O.P. (1337–1342)
- Nicolaus de Velletri (1342–1349).
- Daniel (1349–1367).
- Filippo Gezza de' Rufinis, O.P. (1367-1380),
- Nicolas Cesari (1427–)
- Fra Lorenzo, O.Min. (1450-1471), reformer of the clergy;
- Angelo Lupo Mancini de Cavis (1471–1485)
- Antonio de Grassis (1485–1491)
- Evangelista de Marisstella de Sutrio (1491–1499).
- Angelo Leonini (1499–3 1509) (Appointed Archbishop of Sassari)
1500 to 1700
- Camillo Leonini (1509–1513 Resigned)
- Francesco Soderini (1513–1516 Appointed, Cardinal-Bishop of Palestrina)
- Camillo Leonini (1518–1527 Died)
- Marcantonio della Croce (1528–1554 Resigned)
- Giovanni Andrea della Croce (1554–1595 Died)
- Domenico Toschi (1595–1606 Resigned)
- Giovanni Battista Toschi (1606–1621) (Appointed Bishop of Rieti)
- Bartolomeo Cesi (cardinal) (Cesa) (1621–1621 Died)
- Marco Antonio Gozzadini (1621–1623 Appointed, Bishop of Faenza)
- Mario Orsini (1624–1634 Died)
- Giulio Roma (1634–1652 Died) restorer of the cathedral and founder of the seminary;
- Marcello Santacroce (1652–1674 Died)
- Federico Sforza (1675–1676 Died)
- Mario Alberizzi (1676–1679 Resigned)
- Galeazzo Marescotti (1679–1684 Resigned)
- Antonio Fonseca (bishop) (1690–1728 Died)
1700 to 1900
- Francesco Antonio Finy (1728–1728 Resigned)
- Placido Pezzancheri, O. Cist. (1728–1757 Died)
- Francesco Castellini (1758–1763 Appointed, Bishop of Rimini)
- Tommaso Galli (1764–1765 Died)
- Giulio Matteo Natali (1765–1782 Died)
- Barnaba Chiaramonti (Gregorio Chiaramonti), O.S.B. (1782–1785) (Appointed Bishop of Imola)
- Vincenzo Manni (1785–1815 Died)
- Giovanni Battista a Santa Margarita Pietro Alessandro Banfi, O.C.D. (1816–1817 Died)
- Giuseppe Crispino Mazzotti (1818–1820) (Appointed Bishop of Cervia)
- Francesco Canali (1820–1827 Resigned)
- Francesco Pichi (1827–1840 Resigned)
- Carlo Gigli (1840–1880 Resigned)
- Placido Petacci (1880–1885 Resigned)
- Celestino del Frate (1885–1894) (Appointed Archbishop of Camerino)
- Gulielmus Maria d'Ambrogi, O.E.S.A. (1895–1895 Resigned)
- Pietro Monti (1895–1902 Resigned)
- Prospero Scaccia (1903–1909) (Appointed Archbishop of Siena)
- Gabriele Vettori (1910–1915) (Appointed Bishop of Pistoia e Prato)
- Luigi Scarano (1917–1931 Died)
- Domenico Della Vedova (1933–1950 Retired)
- Luigi Faveri (1950–1967 Died)
- Guglielmo Giaquinta (1974–1987 Resigned)
- Lino Esterino Garavaglia, O.F.M.Cap. (1987–1991) (Appointed Bishop of Cesena-Sarsina)
- Pietro Garlato (1991–2003 Retired)
- Giovanni Paolo Benotto (2003–2008) (Appointed Archbishop of Pisa)
- Mauro Parmeggiani (2008–)
- "Diocese of Tivoli" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- "Diocese of Tivoli" GCatholic.org. Gabriel Chow. Retrieved February 29, 2016
- Paulus is also called Paulinus. Cappelletti, pp. 652-653.
- Cappelletti, pp. 654-655. Kehr, p. 76, no. 1.
- Ughelli, p. 1304.
- Kehr, p. 76, no. 5.
- Kehr, p. 77, no. 7.
- Ughelli, pp. 1306-1307.
- Kehr, p. 77, nos. 9 and 10.
- Kehr, p. 78, no. 11.
- Pope Paschal II dedicated the altar of S. Agapito, assisted by Maifred of Tivoli, Berardus of the Marsi, and Petrus of Anagni. Kehr, I, p. 48 no. 2.
- Guido had been Archdeacon of Pisa. He was named a cardinal in 1123 by Calixtus II. He was an elector of Innocent II in 1130. Ughelli, p. 1308. J. Brixius, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalskollegiums von 1130–1181 (Berlin: R. Trenkel 1912), p. 23 and 43. Barbara Zenker, Die Mitglieder des Kardinalskollegiums von 1130–1159 (Wurzburg 1964), pp. 51-52.
- Ughelli, p. 1309. Eubel, I, p. 485.
- Ughelli, p. 1309.
- Eubel, I, p. 485.
- Bishop Daniel: Ughelli, p. 1309.
- A native Roman, Gezza was Bishop of Iserna (1362-1367). In 1374 he was sent with Jacopo Orsini by the Romans to Pope Gregory XI in Avignon, to induce him to return to Rome. Urban VI of the Roman Obedience made Gezza a cardinal on 18 September 1378. He died before 22 May 1386. Cappelletti, pp. 681-682. Eubel, I, pp. 23, 287, 485.
- Fra Lorenzo had been an Apostolic Penitentiary. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica, II, p. 251.
- Bishop Angelo was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law). He had been Governor of Perugia, Bishop of Veroli (1457-1463), and Bishop of Sora (1463-1471). Eubel, II, p. 240; 251, with n. 1; and 266.
- He had been Rector Campaniae Maritimaeque Eubel, II, p. 251, with note 2.
- Leonini was Bishop of Sassari in Sardinia from 1509 until his death in 1517. Eubel, II, p. 251; III, p. 322.
- Della Croce had been a papal Chamberlain of Leo X and Clement VII. He resigned in favor of his nephew, Giovanni Andrea. He died in 1563. Ughelli, p. 312. Eubel, Hierarchia catholica, III, p. 313, with n. 4.
- Toschi was a native of Castellarano, near Reggio-Emilia. He had been Canon and Prebendary of Reggio. He was Doctor in utroque iure (Civil and Canon Law) (University of Pavia), and Referendary of the Apostolic Segnatura. He was Vice-Legate in Bologna and then Governor (1585-1588), and then Councillor in Tuscany (1588-1592). He was Auditor at the Consulta in Rome (1592-1595). He was named a cardinal by Pope Clement VIII on 3 March 1599. He resigned the diocese of Tivoli in favor of his nephew, Giovanni Battista. Domenico Toschi died in 1620. Ughelli, pp. 1312-1314. Gauchat, Hierarchia catholica IV, p. 337, with note 2.
- Giovanni Toschi had been Bishop of Narnia (1601-1606). Gauchat, IV, p. 252; p. 337, with note 3.
- "Marcello Cardinal Santacroce" Catholic-Hierarchy.org. David M. Cheney. Retrieved March 21, 2016
- Pezzancheri had previously been Abbot of the monastery of Santa Maria and Ss. Giovanni e Paolo Casemari in the diocese of Veroli. He was titular Bishop of Himeria in Osrhoene (1726–1728, having been consecrated in Rome by Pope Benedict XIII on 3 February 1726. He died on 8 December 1757. Ritzler, V, p. 221 with note 5; p. 407, with note 6. Cappelletti, p. 703.
- Castellini was born in Forli. He was a lawyer in Rome, working as Auditor of the Presidency of Urbino. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome by Cardinal Camillo Paolucci on 26 March 1758. Ritzler, VI, p. 407, with note 2.
- Galli was a native of Rome. He obtained a doctorate in Canon Law and Civil Law at the University of Rome (Sapienza, 1729). He was appointed Auditor of the Vicelegation in Avignon and Rector of Carpentras. He was transferred to the post of Auditor in the Nunciature in Madrid. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome on 15 July 1764 by Cardinal Ferdinando Rossi. He died in Rome on 27 April 1765. Ritzler, VI, p. 407, with note 3.
- Ritzler, VI, p. 407, with note 4.
- Chiaramonti was born in Cesena, the youngest son of Count Scipione Chiaramonte. At the age of 14 he became a Benedictine novice at the monastery of S. Maria del Monte in Cesena. He lectured on theology in the monastery of S. Giovanni Battista in Parma, and then at S. Anselmo in Rome. In 1773 he became personal confessor of his relative Cardinal Giovanni Angelo Braschi, who became Pope Pius VI in 1774. He became Prior of the monastery of S. Maria in Cesena, and then Abbot of the monastery of S. Maria de Castrobono. He was consecrated a bishop in Rome on 21 December 1782 by Cardinal Francesco de Zelada. In February 1785 Chiaramonti was named a Cardinal, and in 1800 he was elected Pope Pius VII. Ritzler, VI, p. 407, with note 5.
- Manni was born in Fabriano. He was Doctor in utroque iure (Doctor of Civil and Canon Law) (1784). He was appointed Camerarius secretus (Privy Chamberlain) to Pope Pius VI. He was consecrated in Rome by Cardinal Innocenzo Conti on 20 February 1785. He died on 15 April 1815. Ritzler, VI, p. 407, with note 6.
- D'Ambrogi was a Roman by birth. He was a Doctor in sacred theology, and a Consultor at the SC of the Index. He was elected Definitor General of his Order. He was papal sub-Sacristan. Annuario Pontificio 1888, p. 497.
- Giuseppe Bertini; Luigi Sensi; Mario Sensi (2003). Mons. Domenico della Vedova, vescovo di Tivoli (Spello 1875-1951) (in Italian). Foligno: Diocesi di Foligno.
- Gams, Pius Bonifatius (1873). Series episcoporum Ecclesiae catholicae: quotquot innotuerunt a beato Petro apostolo. Ratisbon: Typis et Sumptibus Georgii Josephi Manz. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1913). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 1 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p.. (in Latin)
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.) (1914). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 2 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana. p. .
- Eubel, Conradus (ed.); Gulik, Guilelmus (1923). Hierarchia catholica, Tomus 3 (second ed.). Münster: Libreria Regensbergiana.
- Gauchat, Patritius (Patrice) (1935). Hierarchia catholica IV (1592-1667). Münster: Libraria Regensbergiana. Retrieved 2016-07-06. (in Latin)
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1952). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi V (1667-1730). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. (in Latin)
- Ritzler, Remigius; Sefrin, Pirminus (1958). Hierarchia catholica medii et recentis aevi VI (1730-1799). Patavii: Messagero di S. Antonio. Retrieved 2016-07-06. (in Latin)
- Cappelletti, Giuseppe (1847). Le chiese d'Italia: dalla loro origine sino ai nostri giorni (in Italian). Tomo sesto (6). Venezia: G. Antonelli. pp. 641–716.
- Kehr, Paul Fridolin (1907). Italia pontificia (in Latin). Vol. II: Lativm. Berlin: Weidmann. pp. 75–100. ISBN 978-5-88390-446-1.
- Ughelli, Ferdinando; Coleti, Niccolò (1717). Italia sacra sive De Episcopis Italiae, et insularum adjacentium (in Latin). Tomus primus (1) (editio secunda, aucta et emendata ed.). Venice: apud Sebastianum Coleti. pp. 1301–1315.
- Viola, Sante (1819). Storia di Tivoli dalla sua origine fino al secolo 17. (in Italian). Tomo terzo (3). Roma: Francesco Bourlie.