Bishopsbourne shown within Kent
|Area||9.18 km2 (3.54 sq mi)|
|Population||257 (Civil Parish 2011)|
|– density||28/km2 (73/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Bishopsbourne is a mostly rural and wooded village in Kent, England. It has two short developed sections of streets at the foot of the Nailbourne valley 4 miles (6 km) south-east of Canterbury and centred 9 miles (14 km) from Dover. The settlement of Pett Bottom is included in the civil parish.
High-up Goresley Wood occupies about half of the parish, which rises gradually in the south-west. A Roman Britain collective burial mound (tumulus) is at a point in the north-centre of this small forested area.
A pub trades in Bishopsbourne, The Mermaid, built in 1861 and is the sole business, sustained by tourism in the summer.
In 1844 an excavation at Bourne Park in the civil parish (and always in the village's boundaries) revealed Iron Age remains. Mozart visited Bourne Park House in 1765. 10 buildings in the village are listed in the National Heritage List for England and a wall.
Bishopsbourne’s Bourne Paddock was a pioneering venue for “great cricket". The third earliest match of all time (recognised by Cricinfo statisticians as First-Class) was played there between England and Hampshire on 19 and 20 August 1772.
The first time that centuries were scored by two batsmen in the same innings in First-class cricket was by Tom Walker and Thomas Taylor for White Conduit Club against Kent on Bourne Paddock. The match was played from 8 to 12 August 1786, and is one of the earliest five-day matches on record. The last First-Class match on the Paddock was played in 1790.
Bishopsbourne had a station on the Elham Valley Railway until traffic stopped in 1947, the station building is now a private residence.
Richard Hooker was the Rector from 1595 to 1600. Hooker played a significant part in the development of Anglicanism, championing a 'middle way' between Puritanism and Catholicism. His 8-volume work 'The Laws of Ecclesiastical Polity' was partly written in the Rectory at Bishopsbourne. After his death, he was buried in the Chancel of the church, and a memorial to him was provided by William Cowper.
"Oswalds", the house of author Joseph Conrad, still stands and the village hall is called "Conrad Hall" in his honour. The author Jocelyn Brooke lived in a house called "Forge House", just opposite the village hall. Photographic pioneer Joseph Bancroft Reade was rector from 1863 until his death in 1870, and is buried at St Mary's.
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- Roman cist burials in Gorsley Wood Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1017617)". National Heritage List for England.
- Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1085693)". National Heritage List for England.
- "England v Hampshire XI at Bishopsbourne, Aug 19-20, 1772". ESPN Cricinfo.
- "Kent XI v White Conduit Club at Bishopsbourne, Aug 8-12, 1786". ESPN Cricinfo.
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