Bisitun Cave

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Bisitun Cave
Bisitun Cave
excavations in 1949
Bisitun Cave
Bisitun Cave
location in Iran
Location Kermanshah province
Region Iran
Coordinates 34°23′26″N 47°26′13″E / 34.39056°N 47.43694°E / 34.39056; 47.43694Coordinates: 34°23′26″N 47°26′13″E / 34.39056°N 47.43694°E / 34.39056; 47.43694
Periods Middle Paleolithic
Cultures Mousterian

Bisitun cave is an archaeological site of prehistoric human habitation in the Zagros Mountains in the Kermanshah province, north-west Iran, associated with the discovery of Mousterian stone tools of the Middle Paleolithic.[1][2] Dibble described the stone tools as having strong Levallois components. All artefacts are apparently from the same period. Coon described two hominid remains from the site, an upper IJ[clarification needed] and a radius shaft fragment, both from a Layer designated F+. Trinkaus and Bilgari described the material in detail, arguing that the incisor is not a hominin IJ, but a bovid IJ/M[clarification needed]. According to their analysis, the radius fragment shows Neanderthal affinities, as it is mediolaterally expanded at the interosseus crest. Metrically, it is outside the range of variation of early anatomically modern humans, but in the range of Neanderthals and early Upper Paleolithic humans.[contradictory]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Dibble, HL (1984). "The Mousterian Industry from Bisitun Cave (Iran)" (PDF). Paléorient. 10 (2): 23–34. doi:10.3406/paleo.1984.937. Archived from the original (PDF) on March 5, 2012. Retrieved December 1, 2012.
  2. ^ Trinkaus, E; Biglari, F (2006). "Middle Paleolithic Human Remains from Bisitun Cave, Iran". Paléorient. 32 (2): 105–11. doi:10.3406/paleo.2006.5192. Retrieved December 1, 2012.

Further reading[edit]

  • Coon, C.S. 1951. Cave exploration in Iran 1949 (Museum Monographs). Philadelphia (PA): University Museum, University of Pennsylvania Press