Biskupija

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Biskupija
Бискупија (Serbian)[1]
Village
Municipality of Biskupija
Općina Biskupija
Biskupija is located in Croatia
Biskupija
Biskupija
Coordinates: 44°0′N 16°14′E / 44.000°N 16.233°E / 44.000; 16.233
Country  Croatia
County Šibenik-Knin county
Government
 • Municipal prefect Damjan Berić (SDSS)
Area
 • Total 133.45 km2 (51.53 sq mi)
Population (2001)[2]
 • Total 466
 • Municipality 1,699
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)

Biskupija (Serbian Cyrillic: Бискупија)[3] is a village and municipality in Šibenik-Knin County, Croatia.

Geography[edit]

The municipality covers a karst field called Kosovo field (Croatian: Kosovo polje, Serbian: Косово поље/Kosovo polje) located between the mountains of Promina and Veliki Kozjak. The village of Biskupija itself is located in the north of the municipality, just south of Knin. The D33 state road and the Zagreb-Split railroad pass through the field.

Languages[edit]

On the territory of Biskupija municipality, along with Croatian which is official in the whole country, as a second official language has been introduced Serbian language and Serbian Cyrillic alphabet.[4][5]

History and culture[edit]

The shrine of Our Lady of Biskupija, or St. Mary of Croatia, is situated in the village of Biskupija, 5 km southeast of Knin, the former church and cultural centre of the Croatian state in the Middle Ages. Archaeologists have discovered the foundations of five churches in that village, dating from the period of Croatian rulers from the 9th to the 11th century. St Mary's church was the residence of the Bishop of Knin, who was Bishop of Croatia from 1040 to 1522. The earliest known figure of Our Lady in Croatian art was discovered by archaeologists in that same church on a part of the stone partition wall, which separated the shrine from the church nave. It is still venerated as Our Lady of the Great Croatian Vow.

Today, on the foundations of the old Croatian church of the same name there stands a memorial church, decorated between 1937 and 1938 according to the designs of Croatia’s most famous sculptor, Ivan Meštrović. The church is a single-nave building (16 x 8.4 m) with a square niche for the altar, and a 12.5 metre-tall steeple before it. Ivan Meštrović also created the statue of Our Lady, depicting a Mother wearing a folk costume from Dalmatian Zagora, with a child on her lap, and who is writing the book of life. Regrettably, however, the statue was destroyed by Serbian extremists. Above the niche containing the main altar the renowned Croatian artist, Jozo Kljaković, painted the fresco "King Zvonimir holding Court", which was also riddled by bullets fired by Serbian extremists. The church was thoroughly refurbished in 1966, when Meštrović's statue was restored. Since then, the main pilgrimage occurs on the last Sunday in September, when the Holy Virgin’s name is honoured. The church was once again destroyed during the Croatian War of Independence, and now awaits rebuilding.

Demographics[edit]

There are a total of 1,669 inhabitants in the municipality: 1,290 Serbs, 337 Croats and 42 others.[6] By mother tongue, there are 1,494 Croatian speakers, 168 Serbian speakers and 7 speakers of other languages.[7]

Settlements[edit]

Parts of the municipality are several settlements (villages and hamlets):[2]

  • Biskupija - 466
  • Markovac - 77
  • Orlić - 341
  • Ramljane - 124
  • Riđane - 87
  • Uzdolje - 214
  • Vrbnik - 323
  • Zvjerinac - 37

The village of Zvjerinac was previously referred to as Kosovo.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Government of Croatia (October 2013). "Peto izvješće Republike Hrvatske o primjeni Europske povelje o regionalnim ili manjinskim jezicima" (PDF) (in Croatian). Council of Europe. p. 36. Retrieved 30 November 2016. 
  2. ^ a b "Stanovništvo po prisutnosti u naselju popisa". Census. Croatian Bureau of Statistics. 2001. Retrieved 2010-11-27. 
  3. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  4. ^ Izvješće o provođenju ustavnog zakona o pravima nacionalnih manjina i o utošku sredstava osiguranih u državnom proračunu Republike Hrvatske za 2008. godinu za potrebe nacionalnih manjina, Zagreb, 2009.
  5. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-10-29. Retrieved 2013-03-08. 
  6. ^ Population by Nationality, By City/Municipality, Census 2001
  7. ^ Population by Mother Tongue, By City/Municipality, Census 2001

External links[edit]