St John the Baptist Church
|Bisley shown within Surrey|
|Area||3.66 km2 (1.41 sq mi)|
|Population||3,965 (Civil Parish)|
|• Density||1,083/km2 (2,800/sq mi)|
|OS grid reference|
|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Ambulance||South East Coast|
|EU Parliament||South East England|
Bisley // is a village and civil parish in the borough of Surrey Heath in Surrey, England. It is centred 3.4 miles (5.5 km) west of Woking. Of medieval creation, Bisley neighbours 19th century West End, centred 900 metres north, across the Windle Brook. According to the 2011 Census, the population was 3,965, which is largely within a focal area with the surrounding green and heather-and-gorse heath buffer land lightly populated, in contrast to Knaphill which is contiguous to Woking, 1 mile (1.6 km) east and is suburban to Woking.
Much of the west of the parish is covered by higher acidic heath, which is owned and used or leased by the Ministry of Defence and is noted for its rifle shooting ranges. The National Shooting Centre, the headquarters of the National Rifle Association of the United Kingdom, is within the historic bounds. Other large buildings are Coldingley men's prison and the former factory of Bisley Office Furniture, a large office furniture manufacturer.
The name 'Bisley' was first recorded in the 10th century as 'Busseleghe'. Its manor was from earliest written records under the feudal lordship of Chertsey Abbey as part of Godley Hundred. It is derived from the old English words 'Bysc', meaning bushes, and 'Leah', a clearing. Therefore, it means clearing where bushes grow or in the bushes. The versions recorded in the 13th century were Busheley and Bussley, from such Westminster and Lambeth Palace rolls as the Assize Rolls.
In medieval times, the village continued to be the southern holding of the Chertsey Abbey estate. The late 12th century church (much of its nave), St John the Baptist, was invested as a proper church in the village by the Abbey monks in the 15th century, who built its mixed brick and timber chancel, since replaced. The church features a medieval bell and a 15th-century porch which is said to have been built from a single oak tree. A nearby spring was once known as the 'Holy Well of St John the Baptist', and was said to have medicinal powers. Its waters were used for local baptisms until the early 20th century. The building is Grade II* listed.
A late Tudor monarch granted the manorial lands and revenues of Woking, Chobham, and Bagshot, having dissolved Chertsey Abbey, to Sir Edward Zouch. Henceforth the descent of Bisley was identical to the other two, and all were by 1911 in the possession of the Earl of Onslow, heirs to many of the lands of the original Earldom of Surrey and Arundel.
Bisley Office Furniture
The factory and offices of Bisley Office Furniture formed a local landmark and major employer in Bisley for 63 years (1931-2015). Bisley became the largest domestic brand of office cabinets, expanded the brand to other mass-produced office furniture and developed a significant export market. The company was granted two prestigious Queen's Award for Export Achievement, in 1992 and 1997, still headquartered in Bisley at the time.
Bisley Office Furniture was founded in 1931 by Freddy Brown, a tradesman sheet metal worker, who started his one-man business repairing damaged cars in a garage in St John's, Woking. In 1941 the company moved to its Queen's Road site, Bisley when a 400-square-metre manufacturing facility was built and various wartime defence contracts were undertaken. It was responsible for designing and manufacturing the first containers to be dropped by parachute, which were widely used by airborne forces throughout the war.
The company decided in 2012 to consolidate all manufacturing on a 60,000-square-metre manufacturing base in Newport; its Queen's Road estate was sold for redevelopment. The last staff vacated the site in July 2015 and moved to offices in nearby Bagshot.
School and shops
The village has Bisley C of E Primary School in the core of the developed part of the village close to its parade of shops, two nursery and a Scout and Guide headquarters. The school's 2013 Ofsted report ascribed it a rating of Good.
In the latter half of the 20th century the Flowers estate of homes was built, named after flowers of each letter of the alphabet, which adjoins the village's largest playing field. The village's football club is the academy and training part of Farnborough Town F.C.
National Shooting Centre
In 1890, the village became the location for the NRA Imperial Meeting (the Association's National Championship), which moved there from Wimbledon. The competition is hosted on the ranges at Bisley Camp having outgrown the Wimbledon Common ranges which had previously been used. The NRA of the UK also moved its headquarters from London to Bisley Camp. Bisley hosted most of the shooting events in the 1908 Olympic Games, and all the shooting for the 2002 Commonwealth Games. During the 2012 Olympic Games the shooting was held at the Royal Artillery Barracks, Woolwich.
As well as the rifle ranges, there are two clay target shooting complexes; The National Clay Shooting Centre, which caters for 'trap' disciplines such as Skeet and DTL, and Bisley Shooting Grounds, which caters for 'sporting', or simulated game shooting. Bisley is famous within shooting circles and has a long history. Some of the buildings within the grounds are from the Victorian era, having been transported there in the re-location from Wimbledon Common. The camp also once had its own railway branch line which ran from nearby Brookwood station, and was known as the 'Bisley Bullet'.
In 1894 Colt, the US firearms manufacturer, introduced and sold the Bisley Model of its famous Single Action Army revolver specifically designed for target shooting. This revolver featured a longer grip, a wider hammer spur, a wider trigger and adjustable sights. It was offered in a variety of calibres including .32–20, .38–40, .45 Colt, .44-40.
Bisley is home to Bisley All Stars FC, who are currently a Sunday League club playing in the Surrey & Hants Border League Division 1. They play their home matches at Bisley Recreation Ground. Bisley All Stars currently hold the Isley Cup from their rivals Wisley, which the first leg of the 2016/2017 season has yet to be played.
At the Lord Roberts Centre indoors is a purpose-built Inline Hockey Rink which is used for league and national events by BiSHA and BiPHA.
Demography and housing
|Output area||Detached||Semi-detached||Terraced||Flats and apartments||Caravans/temporary/mobile homes||shared between households|
The average level of accommodation in the region composed of detached houses was 28%, the average that was apartments was 22.6%.
|Output area||Population||Households||% Owned outright||% Owned with a loan||hectares|
The proportion of households in the civil parish who owned their home outright compares to the regional average of 35.1%. The proportion who owned their home with a loan compares to the regional average of 32.5%. The remaining % is made up of rented dwellings (plus a negligible % of households living rent-free).
The nearest railway station is Woking, which has adjoining car parks and fast and slow tracks and a part-non-segregated cycle link. City destinations from Woking include Salisbury and Winchester and most popular destination is London.
The entire parish is bisected by one main road, the A322 road, which develops a dualled status further north where it joins the M3. Its serves as the main link from western Woking to the motorway network and an alternative link for the Guildford area to western destinations.
- Tim Price " A Hundred Years Behind The Times: The History of Bisley In Surrey"
- Rosemary F. Cooper St. John the Baptist Church, Bisley: A Guide and Short History
- Key Statistics; Quick Statistics: Population Density United Kingdom Census 2011 Office for National Statistics Retrieved 21 November 2013
- H.E. Malden (editor) (1911). "Parishes: Bisley". A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3. Institute of Historical Research. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Barbara Aitken, "Holy Wells in Surrey" Folklore 64.2 (June 1953), p. 350.
- St John the Baptist, Bisley – Grade II* – Historic England. "Details from listed building database (1030064)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 8 December 2013.
- Barry Evans Archived 5 February 2008 at the Wayback Machine.
- NRA Official History Archived 31 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine.
- 1908 Summer Olympics official report. p. 254.
- Model Guns
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bisley, Surrey.|
- Bisley 'Parishes: Bisley', A History of the County of Surrey: Volume 3 (1911), pp. 398–399.
- The National Shooting Centre at Bisley
- Old pictures
- Bisley church
- Stained Glass Windows at St. John the Baptist, Bisley, Surrey
- Bisley All Stars FC Website
- Surrey County Council. "Bisley". Exploring Surrey's Past. Retrieved 30 May 2017.