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Component City
City of Bislig
Skyline of Bislig City at night taken at the Ocean View Park
Skyline of Bislig City at night taken at the Ocean View Park
Official seal of Bislig
Nickname(s): The Booming City by the Bay
The City of Wonders
Motto: " Sulig Bislig! "
Map of Surigao del Sur with Bislig City highlighted
Map of Surigao del Sur with Bislig City highlighted
Bislig is located in Philippines
Location within the Philippines
Coordinates: 08°11′N 126°21′E / 8.183°N 126.350°E / 8.183; 126.350Coordinates: 08°11′N 126°21′E / 8.183°N 126.350°E / 8.183; 126.350
Country Philippines
Region Caraga (Region XIII)
Province Surigao del Sur
Congr. districts 2nd district of Surigao del Sur
Incorporated 1921 (town)
Cityhood 18 September 2000
Barangays 24
 • Mayor Librado Navarro
 • Vice Mayor Jonas Cacayan
 • Total 331.80 km2 (128.11 sq mi)
Elevation 25 m (82 ft)
Population (2010)[3]
 • Total 96,578
 • Density 290/km2 (750/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Bisliganon
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 8311
Area code(s) 86
Languages Bisaya (Mindanao Cebuano), Bisliganon Kamayo, Filipino, English and other minority languages
Income class 3rd class

Bislig, officially called the City of Bislig and often referred to as Bislig City, is a third class city in the province of Surigao del Sur, Mindanao, Philippines. According to the 2010 census, it has a population of 96,578 people.[3]

Barangay Mangagoy, the downtown area often dubbed as "the little city within the city", is the center of trade and industry of Bislig which has a population of 50,000. It is the largest barangay in the city in terms of population and land area. Since Brgy. Poblacion is often referred by the locals simply as 'Bislig', Mangagoy on the other hand is often mistaken as a separate town though it is only just one out of the 24 barangays that comprises the entire City of Bislig.

In 2000, Bislig was converted into a city per Republic Act 8804.[4] It is the easternmost city in the Philippines in terms of geographical location.


The former man-made "Causeway" island (currently secluded) and the St. Vincent de Paul Parish Church.

The legendary allusions as to how Bislig got its name could be traced back to the era prior to the coming of the Spanish conquistadors. The town got its name from a forest vine of the rattan family that grew in abundance along the banks of its rivers. This vine was noted for its strength and became known for saving a royal couple who crossed the swollen river in one of their hunting expeditions and who almost died as they were carried downstream by the rushing current. The legend has it that these hunters had already lost hope of surviving until they were able to cling to a vine which was about 1/4 inch in diameter called Bislig. As a sign of thanksgiving, the ruler named this place Bislig.

Historically, Bislig derived its name from the word “bizlin”, a kind of gold, “which is worth two pesos a tael. The weight of a tael is one and one-eight ounces” in the 16th century, which the natives used for trade and barter. Prior to the coming of Spaniards, this terminology was understood in Luzon and in Mindanao. In the report of the Administrator of Royal Properties Andres Mirandaola dated 8 September 1573 sent to King Philip of Spain that “much gold found in the island of Mindanao, District of Butuan, Surigao ...” It is believed that this kind of gold found in the rolling hills and mountains of the southernmost portion of Bislig and Agusan Province.

Bislig City Hall

However, historical records shows that the name has been variously spelled by the Spanish chroniclers. Conquistador Miguel de Loarca, in his extreme exploratory survey trip of the archipelago, first mentioned and spelled it "Beslin" in his historical accounts “Relacion de los Yslas Filipinas” in 1582, as well as in the Confirmaciones de Encomienda (1616–1700) which Bislig was under the encomienda of Alferez Juan delas Marianas in 1619. In the “Historia general de los religiosos descalzos del orden de San Agustin” of Fray Andres de San Nicolas in 1664 spelled it "Bislin" and also in the “Historia general... del Orden de San Agustin” of Fray Luis de Jesus in 1681. A Franciscan writer, Fray Juan de San Francisco de San Antonio spelled it "Baslig" in his “Cronicas” in 1738. Other Spanish chroniclers spelled it "Bislic" and "Bisliq".

In the first detailed map of the Philippines in 1749, published in “Historia de la Provincia de Filipinas” by a Jesuit, Father Pedro Murillo Velarde spelled it Bislig, as did in the “Historia General ...” of Fray Pedro San Francisco de Assis in 1768 and in the “Mapa dela Provincia de Caraga” by Francisco Alegre in 1751. A complete statistical data of District of Caraga compiled in 1750 spelled as "Bislig", and also in the document titled “Provincia de San Nicolas de Tolentino de Agustinos descalzos dela Congregacion de España y Indias” in 1879.

From the time on, it is known and spelled as Bislig.


Aerial view of the Hagonoy Island

Bislig is approximately 208 kilometres (129 mi) northeast of Davao City, 152 kilometres (94 mi) south of Tandag City (the provincial capital) and 158 kilometres (98 mi) southeast of Butuan City.


Type II Climate characterized by no dry season and with a very pronounced maximum rainfall from November to January. The city enjoys steady weather condition being outside the typhoon belt.


Bislig City Baywalk with the "I Love Bislig" sign located at Poblacion, Bislig.

Bislig City is politically subdivided into 24 barangays.[2]

  • Bucto
  • Burboanan
  • Caguyao
  • Coleto
  • Cumawas
  • Kahayag
  • Labisma
  • Lawigan
  • Maharlika
  • Mangagoy (City Downtown)
  • Mone
  • Pamanlinan
  • Pamaypayan
  • Poblacion (Bislig Proper – Seat of the City Government)
  • San Antonio
  • San Fernando
  • San Isidro (Bagnan)
  • San Jose
  • San Roque (Cadanglasan)
  • San Vicente
  • Santa Cruz
  • Sibaroy
  • Tabon
  • Tumanan


A Philippine eagle found in the city's wild sanctuary.

The first inhabitants of Bislig were believed to have come from the Agusan Valley in the hinterlands of Mindanao beyond the Magdiwata Mountains. These people used spears, bows and arrows and lived a semi-nomadic life and were called Manobos.

They were ruled during the later part of the seventeenth century by a native leader called "Bagani", meaning a formidable leader. They were very brave, tough and war-like. They also introduced edible crops such as rice, corn and rootcrops to the area.

At the turn of the century, Spanish Colonizers and Missionaries imposed the rule of Spain and brought with them Tagalogs, Ilonggos, and Visayans from the North as members of their expeditionary forces.

Long before, it became a town on 1 January 1921 per Executive Order No. 62 issued by Governor General Francis Burton Harrison on 28 December 1920 with Primitivo A. Castillo as its first Municipal President, Vice-President: Sulpicio P. Laurente & Councilors: Ciriaco Alba; Bartolome Alvar; Higino Basañez; Escolastico Carmen; Tomas Masancay; Basilio Dua; and Macario Tenchavez. Bislig was already an established political instrumentality or "pueblo" in the Province of Surigao (now Surigao del Sur and Surigao del Norte). Earlier, the province was a part of an even bigger territory stretching from Northeastern Mindanao down to the island's Southeastern "pueblo" of Caraga and Man-ay in Davao Oriental. Caraga was originally the seat of political, military and religious authority.[5]

Since then efforts were made to improve and develop Bislig until the advent of Citihood campaign in 1999 and by virtue of Republic Act No. 8804 Bislig was converted into a component city duly ratified and approved in a plebiscite conducted in 18 September 2000.


A mildly busy street scenario in Barangay Mangagoy during both day and night time.
Population census of Bislig City
Year Pop. ±% p.a.
1990 103,510 —    
1995 103,668 +0.03%
2000 97,860 −1.23%
2007 102,009 +0.57%
2010 96,578 −1.97%
Source: National Statistics Office[3][6]

A local language, called Kamayo is sometimes used by the residents, though they usually use the more general Cebuano language of the region.


The "Barrio" in Barangay Mangagoy at night

Barangay Mangagoy is the center of trade and industry of the city which has a population of 50,000 and is the largest barangay in both land area and population. Espiritu St. and the adjacent areas within is colloquially often referred simply to as 'Barrio' by the locals in which the business district in Mangagoy is located. It houses national and local banks. Telecommunication such as Internet, cellular phones, cable televisions and leased data lines are well-available in the vicinity of Mangagoy. There are also accommodating inns and hotels, as well as motorized tricycles, jeepneys, and buses ply its concrete roads and highways.[7]

Bislig was the home of the defunct company PICOP Resources, Inc. (PRI, or previously known as the Paper Industries Corporation of the Philippines), which was the largest paper mill in Asia and one of the largest in the world. It is geographically situated at Barangay Tabon and its concession is a sanctuary of the Philippine eagle. The permanent shutdown was officially ruled on mid-2008.

The concrete runway of the commercial airport can accommodate light commercial planes of the Fokker 50 class, though most of the time the airport is only used for the occasional private plane.

Aerial view of the now defunct PICOP Resources, Inc. (PRI) showing its former Paper Product Business Complex.


  • Andres Soriano Memorial Hospital Cooperative, Inc. (Private)
  • Babano Family Medical Clinic Hospital, Inc. (Private)
  • Bislig District Hospital
  • Saint Vincent de Paul College Maternity & General Hospital


De La Salle John Bosco College facade

Private schools:

Public schools:

  • Elementary
    • Mangagoy District I – 6 schools
    • Mangagoy District II – 8 Schools
    • Bislig District I – 11 schools
    • Bislig District II – 24 schools
Gaisano Capital Bislig


The Tinuy-an Falls, located in Barangay Burboanan, Bislig City.

Known for its ecotourism, Bislig's main tourist attraction is the Tinuy-an Falls, known as the little "Niagara Falls" of the Philippines. It is a white water curtain that flows in three levels about 55 meters high and 95 meters wide. Its critically acclaimed majestic and unique natural formation was once appeared in the International Travel Magazine. It is also known as the widest waterfalls in the Philippines.

Other known tourist attractions include the white-sand beaches of Hagonoy Island; the Lawigan Beach which faces and considered a part of the Pacific Ocean; the underground river of the educational Delot and Hinayagan Cave; the Togonan Cold Spring which is a 30-minute ride a far from the city proper; the wild sanctuary of the Forester's Park; the wide range waters of the Mone River or the man-made Lake 77 which offers a boat ride tour and a floating cottage ideal for picnic and fishing; the Kamayo Heritage Park; the Florland Highland Resort at Brgy. San Vicente; the Chocolate Beach ideal for the avid mud skim boarding enthusiasts; the newly developed Mabakat beach (the former Dampingan area) ideal for surfing aficionados; the International Doll House at the Ocean View Park; and the City Baywalk Park. Trekking and bird watching could also be available in Bislig's densely natural forested areas.[8][9]

Bislig once hosted the annual festival called "The Karawasan Festival" during the charter day of the city which features an inter-school ethnic dance competition. Karawasan came from a local dialect which means "movement of the crabs". Karawasan was held every 17th day of September. It has been replaced by the "Tinuy-an (Sayaw) Festival" since September 2013.

Festivals and events[edit]

A fire dance showdown scene in Hagonoy Island.
  • Tinuy-an Sayaw Festival : Bislig City's major festival celebrated every 17 September. It replaced the former Karawasan Festival as the city's major event since 2013.
  • Charter Day Celebration : Celebrated from 16–18 September, the city celebrate its cityhood.
  • Mangagoy Fiesta : Celebrated every 19 July, the feast day of St. Vincent de Paul.
  • Sinulog Festival : Celebrated every third Sunday of January during the feast of Sto. Niño.
  • Kawadang Festival : Celebrated every 21 September, four days after the Karawasan Festival.
  • Poblacion Fiesta : Celebrated every 22 September, the feast day of Sto. Tomas de Villanueva.
  • Uli Bislig : Celebrated every 16 September, it literally means "going back home to Bislig".
  • Karawasan Festival (former) : As part of the Charter Day Celebration, a dream come true for the City Government of Bislig. Karawasan was a festival of ethnic dances depicting the movement of crabs. Karawasan is actually a collective name given to the member of the crab family found to be great in the salty and freshwater of Bislig. The lavishness of such local marine resource has, in fact, made Bislig City known to other places in the country. It has been replaced by the recently promoted "Tinuy-an Sayaw Festival" since.


Andres Soriano Avenue in Barangay Mangagoy
Aerial view of Bislig City on nighttime showing the nearby Bislig Bay taken at the OVP, Barangay Cumawas.

City proper land public transportation[edit]


Air travel[edit]

The concrete runway of the commercial airport can accommodate light commercial planes of the Fokker 50 class, though most of the time the airport is only used for the occasional private plane.

  • From Manila or Cebu to Davao City as transit point, Philippine Airlines, Cebu Pacific and PAL Express ply the Manila-Davao-Manila (approx. 1-1/2 hours travel time) and Cebu-Davao-Cebu (approx. 45 minutes travel time) several trips daily.
  • From Manila or Cebu to Butuan City as transit point, Philippine Airlines, PAL Express and Cebu Pacific ply these routes three times a week.

In early 2012, Jetstream of Mid-Sea Express (now Fil-Asian Airways) announced the routes Cebu-Bislig v.v. and Davao-Bislig v.v. already operational at the Bislig Commercial Airport occasionally.[10]

Land travel[edit]

  • From Davao: Air-conditioned vans may be hired for a 5-hour trip to Bislig City at reasonable rates located in the Ecoland Bus Terminal. Regular trips of Bachelor Express aircon and non-aircon buses also ply the Davao-Bislig route as early as 2:00 a.m. daily.
  • From Butuan: Air-conditioned vans may be hired for a 3-hour trip to Bislig City at reasonable rates located in the City Bus Terminal. Regular trips of Bachelor Express air-con and non-aircon buses also ply the Butuan route as early as 2:00 a.m. daily.
  • From Catarman, Northern Samar (Visayas): In November 2015, Philtranco bus lines launched the route Catarman to Bislig via San Francisco, Agusan del Sur.[11]

Sea travel[edit]

The city is developing a sea port at Barangay Lawigan and Caramcam District in Barangay Mangagoy for the increasing demand of people travelling to other provinces. Currently, construction of the said sea ports is placed on hold due to budget constraints.

  • Inter-island vessels like the Cokaliong and 2GO ply the Manila-Butuan, Cebu-Butuan or Bohol-Butuan routes on regular schedules with Nasipit Port as transit point. Air-con vans are available at the wharf and in the Nasipit terminal (with Bachelor Express buses available in the terminal as well for a specific schedule) or a jeepney ride to the Butuan City terminal for the regular bus trips to Bislig.
Annual Reggae band competition is one of the city's local tradition.
The Bislig City Baywalk in Barangay Poblacion at night.
Amusement park locally called "peryahan" is very popular in the city especially during the feast day of Barangay Mangagoy.


Telephone lines in Bislig are connected through PLDT, PhilCom (now acquired by PLDT) and Globelines (a subsidiary of Globe Telecom). Mobile communications are provided by Smart, Talk 'N Text, Globe, TM and Sun Cellular.

Bislig City's cable and TV satellite providers are:

It has also five local FM radio stations and two AM stations:

  • 91.7 Radyo Natin
  • 93.9 SMILE FM
  • 99.3 WOW FM
  • 101.7 REAL RADIO
  • 106.7 Kisaw FM Ang Radyo Ebanghelyo
  • DXBL 801 Sonshine Radio
  • DZRH Bislig


  1. ^ "Official City/Municipal 2013 Election Results". Intramuros, Manila, Philippines: Commission on Elections (COMELEC). 11 September 2013. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  2. ^ a b "Province: SURIGAO DEL SUR". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  3. ^ a b c "Total Population by Province, City, Municipality and Barangay: as of May 1, 2010" (PDF). 2010 Census of Population and Housing. National Statistics Office. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  4. ^ NSCB – 2001 Factsheet – 12 New Cities Created, July–December 2000.
  5. ^ Friends of Bislig History Book
  6. ^ "Province of Surigao Del Sur". Municipality Population Data. LWUA Research Division. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  7. ^ Brgy. Mangagoy, City of Bislig in Surigao del Sur, Mindanao - Philippine Islands
  8. ^ Surigao del Sur - Department of Toursim
  9. ^ Bislig City & Mangagoy City – The “Twin Cities of Gold” on the Island of Mindanao (Philippines Lifestyle)
  10. ^ Fil-Asian Airways
  11. ^ Philtranco Official Website.

External links[edit]