Bison, Oklahoma

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bison, Oklahoma
Census-designated place
Location in Garfield County and the state of Oklahoma
Location in Garfield County and the state of Oklahoma
Coordinates: 36°11′47″N 97°53′24″W / 36.19639°N 97.89000°W / 36.19639; -97.89000Coordinates: 36°11′47″N 97°53′24″W / 36.19639°N 97.89000°W / 36.19639; -97.89000
Country United States
State Oklahoma
County Garfield
Area
 • Total 1.06 sq mi (2.74 km2)
 • Land 1.06 sq mi (2.74 km2)
 • Water 0.0 sq mi (0.0 km2)
Elevation 1,250 ft (380 m)
Population (2010)
 • Total 65
 • Density 61/sq mi (23.7/km2)
Time zone Central (CST) (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
ZIP code 73720
Area code(s) 580
FIPS code 40-06350
GNIS feature ID 1090170

Bison is a rural unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) located on US Highway 81 in Garfield County, Oklahoma, United States, consisting of a 30-acre (12 ha) town plat. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 65.[1]

The community was named for nearby Buffalo Springs,[2] a historic stagecoach stop and a watering hole on the Chisholm Trail located about a mile north of Bison.[3][4] Bison is home to a Catholic community, part of St. Joseph's parish under the Archdiocese of Oklahoma City.[5] The church was erected in 1909, followed by a two-story brick school building operated by the Sisters of the Divine Providence from 1911 to 1934, when the Adorers of the Blood of Christ took over.[3]

Bison's economy is agricultural and oil-based with oil wells on several farms, and grain elevators by the Bison Cooperative Association, Star Mill and Burrus Mill companies. Bison was home to Bison State Bank from 1900 until 1933, when it closed due to the Great Depression. The Hotel Woodring was established in 1900 by Irvin and Ella Woodring, the parents of Irvin "Bertie" Woodring for whom Enid Woodring Regional Airport is named.[3] The post office opened August 31, 1901.[2] The Bison Mercantile Company was originally established as a grocery store by W.J. Scrichfield in 1900, and operated until 1958 when it was purchased by the Bison Cooperative Association. The co-op was established in 1920, the same year that Oklahoma Gas & Electric brought electricity to the town.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bison is located in southern Garfield County on the west side of US Highway 81, which leads north 14 miles (23 km) to Enid, the county seat, and south 6 miles (10 km) to Hennessey. According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the Bison CDP has an area of 1.06 square miles (2.74 km2), all of it land.[1]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bison, Oklahoma
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 81
(27)
90
(32)
98
(37)
100
(38)
100
(38)
106
(41)
113
(45)
115
(46)
110
(43)
99
(37)
88
(31)
84
(29)
115
(46)
Average high °F (°C) 48
(9)
53
(12)
63
(17)
72
(22)
79
(26)
88
(31)
93
(34)
95
(35)
86
(30)
74
(23)
61
(16)
51
(11)
72
(22)
Average low °F (°C) 26
(−3)
29
(−2)
37
(3)
48
(9)
57
(14)
66
(19)
70
(21)
69
(21)
61
(16)
49
(9)
37
(3)
28
(−2)
48
(9)
Record low °F (°C) −17
(−27)
−18
(−28)
−5
(−21)
16
(−9)
29
(−2)
43
(6)
51
(11)
43
(6)
32
(0)
12
(−11)
7
(−14)
−6
(−21)
−18
(−28)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 1.1
(28)
1.3
(33)
2.1
(53)
3.5
(89)
4.8
(122)
4.1
(104)
3.1
(79)
3.1
(79)
3.6
(91)
2.9
(74)
2
(50)
1.4
(36)
33
(840)
Average snowfall inches (cm) 3.7
(9.4)
3.3
(8.4)
1.7
(4.3)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0.6
(1.5)
1.1
(2.8)
10.4
(26.4)
Source: Weatherbase.com [6]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Bison CDP, Oklahoma". American Factfinder. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved January 23, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b Shirk, George H. Oklahoma Place Names. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1987. ISBN 0-8061-2028-2
  3. ^ a b c d Rockwell, Stella, ed. "Bison", Garfield County, pgs 862-864
  4. ^ The Chisholm Trail, Encyclopedia of Oklahoma History and Culture, Oklahoma Historical Society
  5. ^ http://www.thecatholicdirectory.com/directory.cfm?fuseaction=display_site_info&siteid=65318
  6. ^ "Historical Weather for Bison, Oklahoma, United States".