|City and municipality|
|Founded by||Thakur Kesari Singh of Bissau|
|• Chairman||Harun Khatri (BJP)|
|• Vicechairman||Dindayal khavas|
|Elevation||292 m (958 ft)|
|• Official||Hindi and Rajasthani|
|Time zone||UTC+5:30 (IST)|
Bissau (Hindi - बिसाऊ) is a city and a municipality in Jhunjhunu district in the state of Rajasthan, India. Bissau is another town of fluctuating fortunes. Its original name was Vishala Jat Ki Dhani. Keshari Singh, son of Thakur Shardul Singh of Jhunjhunu, got this village in Jagir. In it, Keshari Singh constructed a war Fort and a defensive boundary wall for defence with four gates in each direction. He named it Bissau in 1746 AD. Keshari Singh belonged to the famous Panchpana or five sons of Thakur Shardul Singh in Shekhawati. The rulers of Bissau belong to the Bhairo ji clan of Shekhawats and are the descendants of the famous ruler Maharao Shekha who was the son of Rao Mokal ji, a grandson of Maharaja Udai Karan of Dhundhar.
Bissau,founded in 1746, is a princely Mamlaguzar thikana of the Jaipur State . There were originally 16 Mamlaguzar thikanas which consisted of the most prominent families of the Jaipur State. Most were closest to the King and his family, others were extremely prominent and possessed their own army and served directly under Mughals in Middle Ages. At present only 9 Mamlaguzar thikanas hold the gaddi in Jaipur Durbar (as compared to the earlier 16). The Mamlaguzar thikanas had special privileges in the Jaipur Durbar; the Maharaja had to rise for the Mamlaguzar Sardars, they were allowed to wear all their ornaments and were allowed to carry their swords in the Jaipur Durbar, whereas the rest of the Jaipur thikanas were not allowed these privileges.
Bissau, till today is known for its brilliant rulers and fierce warriors of the medieval era of Rajasthan. Probably, the most famous ruler of Bissau was Thakur Shyam Singh of Bissau, who was considered as one of the most renowned warriors of his time. He fought many successful battles against the Jaipur State and the British with the help of French mercenaries. He also maintained close ties with Maharaja Ranjit Singh of Punjab. Thakur Suraj Mal of Bissau, father of Shyam Singh, constructed the Surajgarh fort in 1778. He was an outstanding warrior and died valiantly in the Battle of Tunga against the Marathas led by Mahadaji Scindia. In 1919, Thakur Vijay Singh of Surajgarh adopted Thakur Raghubir Singh of Bissau, thus, uniting both the thikanas. Bissau then became the third largest thikana in the Jaipur State after Khetri and Sikar. Thakur Raghubir Singh of Bissau was the noblest of all the rulers of Bissau, educated privately by his tutor, F.A. Jones M.A., C.B.E., at Mayo College, Ajmer, and with the Sawai Man Singh Guards of the Jaipur State Forces. He was the A.D.C. and a close friend of His Highness Maharaja Sawai Man Singh II of Jaipur; he brought Bissau back to its place of prominence after clearing the debts of the previous rulers. He lived in an elegant manner and was fond of traveling and literature.
The present royal family of Bissau resides in Bissau Palace, Jaipur which was converted into one of the first heritage hotels in Rajasthan by Thakur Raghubir Singh of Bissau.
Bissau is located at. It has an average elevation of 292 metres (958 feet).
It is about 40 km. from Jhunjhunu, and 12 km. from Churu. Bissau is well connected by private & R.S.R.T.C. bus services.It is also connected by trains with big cities along with the neighbouring tourist towns like as Churu, Fatehpur, Sikar & Jaipur. Bissau is 210 km from Jaipur, 280 km from New Delhi, and 1300 km from Mumbai.
Places of tourist attractions
- Bissau Fort.(present owner Rawal Sanjai Singh ji Of Bissau )
- Raj ki Chhatri (A Cenotaph of Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Temple of Venkat(Baanke) Bihari Ji.(Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Temple of Narsingh Deo Ji.
- 132 Ft Neelkanth Mahadev Temple
- Barfani baba mandir
- Budhia Mahadev Mandir.
- jeen mata mandir(meena ka mohalla word no. 07)
- Goga Medi & Mandir & Talab(Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Gaushala Bissau(Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Dholpalia Johad(Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Gaushala Johad(Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Soorsagar(Maharaja's of Bissau)
- Madarsa Inamul uloom
- Jai Narain Gopi Ram Tibrewal Haveli.
- Chandi Prasad sigatia Haveli.
- Budhar Mal Mertia Haveli.
- Shri Lal Didwania (Tibrewal) Haveli.
- Girdhari Lal Sigatia Haveli.
- Bajrang Lal sigatia Haveli.
- Radhey Shyam Singhania Haveli.
- Satya Narain Banwari Lal Bagla Haveli.
- Hari Prasad Nand Lal Kyala Haveli.
- Hari Bax Fatehpuria Haveli.
- Kashi prasad Vaidhya (S/O Tularam ji Sharma ) Haveli.
- Ram Dayal Fatehpuria Haveli.
- Brij Mohan Kanodia Haveli.
- Jorawar Mal Poddar Haveli.
- Keshardev Ji Kanodia Haveli
- Nathu Ram Poddar Haveli.
- Murli Dhar Hira Lal Jhunjhunuwala ki Haveli.
- Niranjan Lal jai Dayal Kedia Haveli.
- Shri Babulal Hajarimal Jatiaji Haveli
- Dhawalpaliha Johda.
- Samash Khan Peer Ki Dargkah
- 121 Ft Minaret at Arafat Mosque
- • Ramanyana Bala ji Mandir Ghochiya ki bari
It is also famous for mute ramleela performed since last 150 years. It is performed by locals and is performed in daylight at Ram leela chowk, Main market. Its only ramleela in world of its type. It continue for 15 days starting for Navratri.
As of 2001[update] India census, Bissau had a population of 21,133. Males constitute 51% of the population and females 49%. Bissau has an average literacy rate of 60%, higher than the national average of 59.5%; with male literacy of 70% and female literacy of 50%. 18% of the population is under 6 years of age.
- "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01.