Bist du bei mir

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"Bist du bei mir, geh ich mit Freuden" (When you are near, I go with joy) is an aria from Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel's opera Diomedes. The aria is best known as "Bist du bei mir", BWV 508, a version for voice and continuo found as No. 25 in the 1725 Notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach.

History[edit]

In 1717–18 Gottfried Heinrich Stölzel was for a short time court Kapellmeister in Bayreuth. There his opera Diomedes, a.k.a. Die triumphierende Unschuld (the triumphant innocence), was premiered on 16 November 1718. Apart from a few arias the music of this opera is lost. A version for soprano, strings and continuo of its aria "Bist du bei mir" survives in an 18th-century manuscript owned by the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin.[1][2]

In 1725 Johann Sebastian Bach started the second notebook for his second wife Anna Magdalena. A version for voice and continuo of "Bist du bei mir" is among the pieces Anna Magdalena wrote down in that notebook. That version, No. 25 in the notebook, is known as BWV 508.[3]

In an essay in the Bach-Jahrbuch 2002, Andreas Glöckner speculates that Anna Magdalena either obtained the song from the inventory of the Leipzig Opera that had gone bankrupt in 1720, or that it was simply a favourite known to nearly everyone in Leipzig that was particularly suitable for Hausmusik.[4]

Setting[edit]

The continuo part of the BWV 508 version of "Bist du bei mir" is more agitated and continuous in its voice leading than that of the extant orchestral version of the aria.[1][4] It is unknown who provided the BWV 508 arrangement, but it is usually assumed to have been Johann Sebastian Bach.

The text of the aria, by an unknown author, is:

German[5] Translation Alternative translation[6]

Bist du bei mir, geh ich mit Freuden
zum Sterben und zu meiner Ruh.
Ach, wie vergnügt wär so mein Ende,
es drückten deine schönen Hände
mir die getreuen Augen zu!

If you are with me, then I will go gladly
unto [my] death and to my rest.
Ah, how pleasing were my end,
if your dear hands then
shut my faithful eyes!

When thou are near, I go with joy
To death and to my rest.
O how joyous would my end be,
If your fair hands
Would close my faithful eyes.

Reception[edit]

The aria, in the voice and continuo version found in the second notebook for Anna Magdalena Bach, was published as Johann Sebastian Bach's by the Bach Gesellschaft in the second half of the 19th century.[7] Around 1915 Max Schneider (de) discovered Stölzel's orchestral version of the aria, along with four other arias by Stölzel, in an 18th-century manuscipt conserved in the library of the Berlin Sing-Akademie.[8] In World War II the archive of the Sing-Akademie went lost.[9]

In 1950 Wolfgang Schmieder listed "Bist du bei mir" as a composition by Bach in the first edition of the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis, assigning it the number 508 in that catalogue. In 1957 the aria was published in the New Bach Edition, where its editor, Georg von Dadelsen (de), mentioned the lost orchestral version in the Critical Commentary volume.[8][10] The 1998 edition of the Bach-Werke-Verzeichnis kept "Bist du bei mir" in the main catalogue (i.e. without moving it to the Anhang either of the doubtful or of the spurious works), but mentions it was based on a setting by Stölzel in an inaccessible source.[11]

In 1999 the lost archive of the Sing-Akademie was recovered in Kiev.[9] Nonetheless the manuscript with the five Stölzel arias was still considered lost as late as 2006.[8] That same year the manuscript was however described in a publication by the Bach Archive, edited by Wolfram Enßlin.[9][12] In 2009 a full catalogue of the Sing-Akademie's archive was published, in which the manuscript containing the five arias by Stölzel is indicated as SA 808.[13] By this time "Bist du bei mir" and the four other arias of the SA 808 manuscript were identified as belonging to Stölzel's opera Diomedes.[13] The archive of the Sing-Akademie was transmitted to the Berlin State library, which made a facsimile of the manuscript containing the Diomedes arias available on their website.[2][9]

"Bist du bei mir" has become a very popular choice for wedding ceremonies and other such occasions.[8][14] The question whether the perception and popularity of the piece would have been affected if it would have been identified as Stölzel's in an earlier stage remains unanswered.[8] Recordings of "Bist du bei mir" include Elisabeth Schwarzkopf's 1954 recording at Abbey Road Studios with pianist Gerald Moore,[15] and Natalie Dessay's and Rolando Villazón's recording, with an accompaniment for piano, violins, and cello arranged by Philippe Rombi, for the 2005 film Joyeux Noël.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Diomedes (Excerpts): "Bist du bei mir geh ich mit Freuden" at RISM website
  2. ^ a b (Sammelhandschrift) 11 Geistliche Gesänge at Berlin State Library website, pp. 129–131
  3. ^ D-B Mus. ms. Bach P 225 (2. Notenbüchlein der A. M. Bach, 1725) at Bach Digital website
  4. ^ a b Andreas Glöckner. "Neues zum Thema Bach und die Oper seiner Zeit" in Bach-Jahrbuch 2002, pp. 172–174.
  5. ^ "Bist du bei mir". 
  6. ^ Palmer, Willard A. Selections from Anna Magdalena's Notebook. Alfred Music. p. 47. ISBN 9781457442704. 
  7. ^ Franz Wüllner (editor). Bach-Gesellschaft Ausgabe, Vol. 39: Motetten, Choräle und Lieder. Leipzig: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1893, pp. 309–310
  8. ^ a b c d e Jonathan Berkahn. Wrestling with the German Devil: Five Case Studies in Fugue After J.S. Bach. Victoria University of Wellington, 2006 (thesis), pp. 40–42
  9. ^ a b c d Patrice Veit. "ENßLIN, Wolfram, Die Bach-Quellen der SingAkademie zu Berlin. Katalog", recension in Revue de l'Institut français d'histoire en Allemagne, 2007
  10. ^ Georg von Dadelsen (de), editor. New Bach Edition, Series V: Keyboard and Lute Works, Vol. 4: The Klavierbüchlein für Anna Magdalena Bach from 1722 and 1725, Score (1957; 21963; 31978; 42014) and Critical Commentary (1957). Bärenreiter
  11. ^ (BWV2a) Alfred Dürr, Yoshitake Kobayashi (eds.), Kirsten Beißwenger. Bach Werke Verzeichnis: Kleine Ausgabe, nach der von Wolfgang Schmieder vorgelegten 2. Ausgabe. Preface in English and German. Wiesbaden: Breitkopf & Härtel, 1998. ISBN 3765102490 - ISBN 978-3765102493, pp. 308–309
  12. ^ Collection: 11 Sacred songs at RISM website
  13. ^ a b Axel Fischer and Matthias Kornemann, editors. The Archive of the Sing-Akademie zu Berlin: Catalogue. Walter de Gruyter, 2009. ISBN 9783598441745, p. 67, 249–250 and 687–688
  14. ^ Stölzel, Gottfried Heinrich > Bist du bei mir at www.hbdirect.com
  15. ^ Elisabeth Schwarzkopf – Perfect Prima Donna, EMI Classics, Cat. 9184592, at ArkivMusic

External links[edit]