Bastam

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Bastam
بسطام
city
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bastam is located in Iran
Bastam
Bastam
Coordinates: 36°29′07″N 54°59′59″E / 36.48528°N 54.99972°E / 36.48528; 54.99972Coordinates: 36°29′07″N 54°59′59″E / 36.48528°N 54.99972°E / 36.48528; 54.99972
Country  Iran
Province Semnan
County Shahrud
Bakhsh Bastam District
Elevation 1,450 m (4,760 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 12,000
Time zone IRST (UTC+3:30)
 • Summer (DST) IRDT (UTC+4:30)
Area code(s) 0233252
Website http://www.bastam.ir

Bastam[pronunciation?] (Persian: بسطام‎, also romanized as Basṭām; also known as Busṭām and Bisṭām)[1] is a city in and capital of the Bastam District of Shahrud County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,382, in 1,997 families.[2]

Bastam was founded in the 6th century in the Greater Khorasan. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Shahrud. The town is known for its Islamic monuments from the Ilkhanid period and its association with the mystic Bayazid Bastami.[3] The Alborz are to the north of the town.

The 19th-century poet, Abbas Foroughi Bastami, lived in Bastam for a time and thence acquired its name as his own. The early Bábí leader and martyr Mullá 'Alíy-i-Bastámí was also raised in Bastam, and was a significant figure in the Shaykhi movement and later became the first person known to have died for their allegiance to Bábism.[4]

A tradition says that the town was founded by Vistahm, uncle of the Sasanian king Khosrau II.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bastam can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055749" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  2. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11. 
  3. ^ Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S., eds. (2009). "Bistam". The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 291. 
  4. ^ Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. pp. 212, 235. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9. 
  5. ^ R. N. Frye, “Bisṭām” Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill 2008).

External links[edit]

  • Bayazid Shrine Complex at ArchNet. [1]
  • Friday Mosque at ArchNet. [2]
  • Tomb Tower at ArchNet. [3]