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Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bayazid Shrine Complex
Bastam is located in Iran
Coordinates: 36°29′07″N 54°59′59″E / 36.48528°N 54.99972°E / 36.48528; 54.99972Coordinates: 36°29′07″N 54°59′59″E / 36.48528°N 54.99972°E / 36.48528; 54.99972
Country Iran
BakhshBastam District
1,450 m (4,760 ft)
 (2016 Census)
 • Total8,609 [1]
Time zoneUTC+3:30 (IRST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+4:30 (IRDT)
Area code(s)0233252

Bastam[pronunciation?] (Persian: بسطام‎, also romanized as Basṭām; also known as Busṭām and Bisṭām)[2] is a city in and capital of the Bastam District of Shahrud County, Semnan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 7,382, in 1,997 families.[3]

Bastam was founded in the 6th century in the Greater Khorasan. It is 6 kilometres (3.7 mi) north of Shahrud. The town is known for its Islamic monuments from the Ilkhanid period and its association with the mystic Bayazid Bastami.[4] The Alborz are to the north of the town.

The 19th-century poet, Abbas Foroughi Bastami, lived in Bastam for a time and thence acquired its name as his own. The early Bábí leader and martyr Mullá 'Alíy-i-Bastámí was also raised in Bastam, and was a significant figure in the Shaykhi movement and later became the first person known to have died for their allegiance to Bábism.[5]

A tradition says that the town was founded by Vistahm, uncle of the Sasanian king Khosrau II.[6]


  1. ^
  2. ^ Bastam can be found at GEOnet Names Server, at this link, by opening the Advanced Search box, entering "-3055749" in the "Unique Feature Id" form, and clicking on "Search Database".
  3. ^ "Census of the Islamic Republic of Iran, 1385 (2006)". Islamic Republic of Iran. Archived from the original (Excel) on 2011-11-11.
  4. ^ Bloom, Jonathan M.; Blair, Sheila S., eds. (2009). "Bistam". The Grove Encyclopedia of Islamic Art & Architecture. 1. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 291.
  5. ^ Amanat, Abbas (1989). Resurrection and Renewal. Cornell University Press, New York, USA. pp. 212, 235. ISBN 0-8014-2098-9.
  6. ^ R. N. Frye, “Bisṭām” Encyclopaedia of Islam, ed. by P. Bearman, et al. (Brill 2008).

External links[edit]

  • Bayazid Shrine Complex at ArchNet. [1]
  • Friday Mosque at ArchNet. [2]
  • Tomb Tower at ArchNet. [3]