Bister, Switzerland

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Bister
Coat of arms of Bister
Coat of arms
Bister is located in Switzerland
Bister
Bister
Bister is located in Canton of Valais
Bister
Bister
Coordinates: 46°22′N 8°4′E / 46.367°N 8.067°E / 46.367; 8.067Coordinates: 46°22′N 8°4′E / 46.367°N 8.067°E / 46.367; 8.067
Country Switzerland
Canton Valais
District Raron
Area[1]
 • Total 5.84 km2 (2.25 sq mi)
Elevation 1,054 m (3,458 ft)
Population (Dec 2015[2])
 • Total 31
 • Density 5.3/km2 (14/sq mi)
Postal code 3983
SFOS number 6172
Surrounded by Filet, Grengiols, Termen
Website website missing
SFSO statistics

Bister is a municipality in the district of Raron in the canton of Valais in Switzerland.

History[edit]

Bister is first mentioned in 1374 as Bystur. In 1480 it was mentioned as Bistar.[3]

Geography[edit]

Bister has an area, as of 2011, of 5.8 square kilometers (2.2 sq mi). Of this area, 18.4% is used for agricultural purposes, while 40.0% is forested. Of the rest of the land, 0.3% is settled (buildings or roads) and 41.3% is unproductive land.[4]

The municipality is located in the Östlich-Raron district. It consists of houses scattered across the valley slopes.

Coat of arms[edit]

The blazon of the municipal coat of arms is Per bend Azure and Sable, in base issuant from Water wavy Argent Coupeaux Vert and a wheat ear Or.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Bister has a population (as of December 2015) of 31.[2] As of 2008, 3.7% of the population are resident foreign nationals.[6] Over the last 10 years (2000–2010 ) the population has changed at a rate of 3.8%. It has changed at a rate of 7.7% due to migration and at a rate of -15.4% due to births and deaths.[4]

All of the population (as of 2000) speaks German as their first language.[7]

As of 2008, the population was made up of 26 Swiss citizens and 1 non-citizen residents (3.70% of the population).[6] Of the population in the municipality, 15 or about 45.5% were born in Bister and lived there in 2000. There were 12 or 36.4% who were born in the same canton, while 4 or 12.1% were born somewhere else in Switzerland, and 1 or 3.0% were born outside of Switzerland.[7]

As of 2000, children and teenagers (0–19 years old) make up 9.1% of the population, while adults (20–64 years old) make up 57.6% and seniors (over 64 years old) make up 33.3%.[4]

As of 2000, there were 15 people who were single and never married in the municipality. There were 17 married individuals, 1 widows or widowers and 0 individuals who were divorced.[7]

As of 2000, there were 14 private households in the municipality, and an average of 2.1 persons per household.[4] There were 7 households that consist of only one person and 1 households with five or more people. In 2000, a total of 14 apartments (31.8% of the total) were permanently occupied, while 25 apartments (56.8%) were seasonally occupied and 5 apartments (11.4%) were empty.[8]

The historical population is given in the following chart:[3][9]

Politics[edit]

In the 2007 federal election the most popular party was the CVP which received 47.62% of the vote. The next three most popular parties were the SP (28.57%), the SVP (17.46%) and the FDP (6.35%). In the federal election, a total of 18 votes were cast, and the voter turnout was 69.2%.[10]

In the 2009 Conseil d'Etat/Staatsrat election a total of 17 votes were cast, of which 1 or about 5.9% were invalid. The voter participation was 65.4%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 54.67%.[11] In the 2007 Swiss Council of States election a total of 18 votes were cast. The voter participation was 69.2%, which is much more than the cantonal average of 59.88%.[12]

Economy[edit]

As of 2010, Bister had an unemployment rate of 0%. As of 2008, there were 8 people employed in the primary economic sector and about 3 businesses involved in this sector. No one was employed in the secondary sector or the tertiary sector.[4] There were 16 residents of the municipality who were employed in some capacity, of which females made up 56.3% of the workforce.

In 2008 the total number of full-time equivalent jobs was 4, all of which were in agriculture.[13]

In 2000, there were 9 workers who commuted away from the municipality.[14] Of the working population, 12.5% used public transportation to get to work, and 50% used a private car.[4]

Religion[edit]

From the 2000 census, 28 or 84.8% were Roman Catholic, while 3 or 9.1% belonged to the Swiss Reformed Church. Of the rest of the population, there was 1 individual who belongs to another Christian church. 1 (or about 3.03% of the population) belonged to no church, are agnostic or atheist.[7]

Education[edit]

In Bister about 11 or (33.3%) of the population have completed non-mandatory upper secondary education, and 3 or (9.1%) have completed additional higher education (either university or a Fachhochschule). Of the 3 who completed tertiary schooling, 2 were Swiss men, 1 was a Swiss women.[7]

As of 2000, there were 2 students from Bister who attended schools outside the municipality.[14]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Arealstatistik Standard - Gemeindedaten nach 4 Hauptbereichen
  2. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - STAT-TAB, online database – Ständige und nichtständige Wohnbevölkerung nach institutionellen Gliederungen, Geburtsort und Staatsangehörigkeit (German) accessed 30 August 2016
  3. ^ a b Bister in German, French and Italian in the online Historical Dictionary of Switzerland.
  4. ^ a b c d e f Swiss Federal Statistical Office Archived 5 January 2016 at the Wayback Machine. accessed 4 October 2011
  5. ^ Flags of the World.com accessed 4 October 2011
  6. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Superweb database - Gemeinde Statistics 1981-2008 Archived 28 June 2010 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 19 June 2010
  7. ^ a b c d e STAT-TAB Datenwürfel für Thema 40.3 - 2000 Archived 9 August 2013 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 2 February 2011
  8. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB - Datenwürfel für Thema 09.2 - Gebäude und Wohnungen Archived 7 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  9. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Bevölkerungsentwicklung nach Region, 1850-2000 Archived 30 September 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 29 January 2011
  10. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office, Nationalratswahlen 2007: Stärke der Parteien und Wahlbeteiligung, nach Gemeinden/Bezirk/Canton Archived 14 May 2015 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 May 2010
  11. ^ Staatsratswahlen vom 1. März 2009 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  12. ^ Ständeratswahl 2007 (German) accessed 24 August 2011
  13. ^ Swiss Federal Statistical Office STAT-TAB Betriebszählung: Arbeitsstätten nach Gemeinde und NOGA 2008 (Abschnitte), Sektoren 1-3 Archived 25 December 2014 at the Wayback Machine. (German) accessed 28 January 2011
  14. ^ a b Swiss Federal Statistical Office - Statweb[permanent dead link] (German) accessed 24 June 2010

External links[edit]