Bistra, Vrhnika

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Bistra
Bistra monastery
Bistra monastery
Bistra is located in Slovenia
Bistra
Bistra
Location in Slovenia
Coordinates: 45°56′49.35″N 14°19′56.99″E / 45.9470417°N 14.3324972°E / 45.9470417; 14.3324972Coordinates: 45°56′49.35″N 14°19′56.99″E / 45.9470417°N 14.3324972°E / 45.9470417; 14.3324972
CountryFlag of Slovenia.svg Slovenia
Traditional regionInner Carniola
Statistical regionCentral Slovenia
MunicipalityVrhnika
Area
 • Total4.17 km2 (1.61 sq mi)
Elevation
291.2 m (955.4 ft)
Population
 (2002)
 • Total44
[1]

Bistra (pronounced [ˈbiːstɾa]; German: Freudenthal[2][3]) is a small settlement in the Municipality of Vrhnika in the Inner Carniola region of Slovenia.[4]

Karst source of the Bistra River, a source tributary of the Ljubljanica, at Bistra

Name[edit]

Bistra and names like it (e.g., Bistrica), as well as the German adaptation of the name as Feistritz, are common in Slovene ethnic territory. Such names were originally hydronyms that were later applied to the settlements along rivers or streams with these names. The names are derived from Slavic *bystrica 'swiftly flowing river', from the Slavic adjective *bystrъ 'swiftly flowing, rushing'.[5] Bistra is named after the Bistra River, a right tributary of the Ljubljanica.[6] The settlement was known as Freudenthal in German.[2]

Bistra Charterhouse[edit]

It is best known for Bistra Charterhouse, a large monastic complex that from 1260 housed the first charterhouse in Carniola. It was disbanded in 1782 upon a decree by the Emperor Joseph II. Since 1951, it houses the Technical Museum of Slovenia. The museum's collections comprise items related to forestry, carpentry, fishing, electricity, and transport, including a large collection of Tito's cars and several others that were used in the filming of Schindler's List.[7]

Notable people[edit]

Notable people that were born or lived in Bistra include:


References[edit]

  1. ^ Statistical Office of the Republic of Slovenia
  2. ^ a b Intelligenzblatt zur Laibacher Zeitung, no. 141. 24 November 1849, p. 14.
  3. ^ Leksikon občin kraljestev in dežel zastopanih v državnem zboru, vol. 6: Kranjsko. 1906. Vienna: C. Kr. Dvorna in Državna Tiskarna, p. 118.
  4. ^ Vrhnika municipal site
  5. ^ Snoj, Marko. 2009. Etimološki slovar slovenskih zemljepisnih imen. Ljubljana: Modrijan and Založba ZRC, p. 61.
  6. ^ a b c d e Savnik, Roman, ed. 1968. Krajevni leksikon Slovenije, vol. 1. Ljubljana: Državna založba Slovenije, pp. 448–449.
  7. ^ Kermavnar, Simona. "Bivši kartuzijanski samostan v Bistri" [The Former Charterhouse in Bistra]. In Šmid Hribar, Mateja. Torkar, Gregor. Golež, Mateja. Podjed, Dan. Drago Kladnik, Drago. Erhartič, Bojan. Pavlin, Primož. Jerele, Ines. (eds.). Enciklopedija naravne in kulturne dediščine na Slovenskem – DEDI (in Slovenian). Retrieved 7 October 2015.CS1 maint: Uses editors parameter (link)

External links[edit]