Bitis xeropaga

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Bitis xeropaga
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Suborder: Serpentes
Family: Viperidae
Genus: Bitis
Species: B. xeropaga
Binomial name
Bitis xeropaga
Haacke, 1975
Common names: desert mountain adder,[3][4] Lüderitz dwarf viper[5]

Bitis xeropaga is a venomous viper species found in southern Namibia and northwestern Cape Province in South Africa. No subspecies are currently recognized.[6]


Adults average 40 to 50 cm (16 to 20 in) total length (body + tail), with a maximum total length of 61 cm (24 in) for a female.[3][4]

Geographic range[edit]

Northwestern Cape Province in South Africa and the arid mountains of the lower Orange River basin, north into to southern Namibia and Great Namaqualand as far as Aus is the range for this snake.[1]

The type locality given is "Dreigratberg on north bank of Orange River, Lüderitz district, South West Africa [Namibia] (16°52' E, 28°05' S, alt. about 300 m [980 ft])".[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c McDiarmid RW, Campbell JA, Touré T. 1999. Snake Species of the World: A Taxonomic and Geographic Reference, Volume 1. Washington, District of Columbia: Herpetologists' League. 511 pp. ISBN 1-893777-00-6 (series). ISBN 1-893777-01-4 (volume).
  2. ^ The Reptile Database.
  3. ^ a b Mallow D, Ludwig D, Nilson G. 2003. True Vipers: Natural History and Toxinology of Old World Vipers. Malabar, Florida: Krieger Publishing Company. 359 pp. ISBN 0-89464-877-2.
  4. ^ a b Spawls S, Branch B. 1995. The Dangerous Snakes of Africa. Dubai: Ralph Curtis Books. Oriental Press. 192 pp. ISBN 0-88359-029-8.
  5. ^ Mehrtens JM. 1987. Living Snakes of the World in Color. New York: Sterling Publishers. 480 pp. ISBN 0-8069-6460-X.
  6. ^ "Bitis xeropaga". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 26 July 2006. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Branch, Bill. 2004. Field Guide to Snakes and Other Reptiles of Southern Africa. Third Revised edition, Second impression. Sanibel Island, Florida: Ralph Curtis Books. 399 pp. ISBN 0-88359-042-5. (Bitis xeropaga, p. 117 + Plate 13).
  • Haacke WD. "Description of a new adder (Viperidae, Reptilia) from Southern Africa, with a discussion of related forms." Cimbebasia, Series A 4 (5): 115-128. (Bitis xeropaga, new species).

External links[edit]