Bitterley

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Bitterley
Bitterley - geograph.org.uk - 198075.jpg
Bitterley
Bitterley is located in Shropshire
Bitterley
Bitterley
Bitterley shown within Shropshire
Population902 (2011) (parish)
OS grid referenceSO561774
Civil parish
  • Bitterley
Unitary authority
Ceremonial county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townLUDLOW
Postcode districtSY8
Dialling code01584
PoliceWest Mercia
FireShropshire
AmbulanceWest Midlands
EU ParliamentWest Midlands
UK Parliament
List of places
UK
England
Shropshire
52°23′35″N 2°38′38″W / 52.393°N 2.644°W / 52.393; -2.644Coordinates: 52°23′35″N 2°38′38″W / 52.393°N 2.644°W / 52.393; -2.644

Bitterley is a village and civil parish in Shropshire, England. According to the 2001 census the parish had a population of 802,[1] increasing to 902 at the 2011 Census.[2] The village is about 4 miles (6.4 km) east of Ludlow on the western slopes of Titterstone Clee Hill. Bitterley is the location for Bitterley Court about 0.62 miles (1.00 km) east of the modern village. Nearby to the east, is the small hamlet of Bedlam.

History[edit]

Bitterley is listed in the Domesday Book of 1086 when it was known as Buterlei.[3] The fictional village of Bitterley in the Mary Webb novel was based on Habberley in the same county.

In 2011, a metal detectorist discovered near Bitterley a hoard of silver and gold coins, the Bitterley Hoard, dating from the English Civil War.

Church[edit]

Mediaeval cross in St Mary's churchyard

Church of St Mary, the village church dedicated to Saint Mary, is 12th/13th-century in date with 17th-century alterations.[4] It was restored in 1876 and 1880.[4] Littleton Powys was patron of the church, where in 1707 he set up a gallery at the west end, and in which he was buried after his death in 1732.[5]

The 14th-century cross in the churchyard is a grade I listed structure and considered the best surviving cross in Shropshire.[6]

The church is located east of the present-day village in the area around Bitterley Court, where evidence of the medieval village can be seen in the parkland south of Bitterley Court.[7]

Bitterley Court[edit]

Bitterley Court was the longtime seat of the Walcot family, who had previously sold their Walcot Hall to Robert Clive, known as Lord Clive of India. In 1899, Bitterley Court was purchased by James Volant Wheeler, younger son of Edward Vincent Wheeler of Newnham Court, Tenbury Wells, and remains in the ownership of the Wheelers to this day. Bitterley Court is a Grade 2* listed building which was extensively modernized by Thomas Prichard in the late 18th century and restored by the grandson of James Volant Wheeler in the 1960s, saving it from demolition at a time when English country houses were at risk.

Henley Hall[edit]

On the western outskirts of the village lies Henley Hall, a Grade II* listed 18th-century country house in 80 hectares of parkland. Originally built by the Powys family it was essentially rebuilt by Thomas Knight in 1772 and extended several times since then, especially by the Wood family. Now managed by the Lumsden family, it is made available for wedding, shooting and team-building parties.[8]

Transport[edit]

Bitterley was formerly served by a goods station on the branch line from Clee Hill Junction north of Ludlow to Clee Hill village. Two rope inclines, one narrow gauge and one standard gauge, carried stone from the quarries on Titterstone Clee Hill down to a marshalling yard at Bitterley.

Parish[edit]

The civil parish is extensive and is subdivided into two wards: Bitterley and Cleeton St Mary. The small village of Cleeton St Mary is effectively detached (by road) and lies on the other side of Titterstone Clee Hill. The small village of Middleton and the hillside settlement of Angelbank are part of the parish.

In 1884 it expanded westwards, taking in land previously part of Ludford and Stanton Lacy parishes, with the new boundary being the Ledwyche Brook.[9]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Census 2001: Parish Headcounts: South Shropshire". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 29 June 2012.
  2. ^ "Civil Parish population 2011". Retrieved 23 November 2015.
  3. ^ Domesday Map: Bitterley, retrieved 26 January 2012
  4. ^ a b Church of St Mary, Bitterley, British Listed Buildings, retrieved 26 January 2012
  5. ^ Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (Great Britain) (1907). Transactions of the Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society (Public domain ed.). Shropshire Archaeological and Natural History Society. pp. 97–. Retrieved 11 February 2012.
  6. ^ "Cross in Churchyard of Church of St Mary, Bitterley". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 26 January 2014.
  7. ^ Parish Plan, Bitterley Parish Council, retrieved 26 January 2012
  8. ^ "Henley Hall and Attached Walls, Balustrades and Steps to South, Bitterley". British Listed Buildings. Retrieved 2012-10-03.
  9. ^ Vision of Britain Bitterley

External links[edit]

Media related to Bitterley at Wikimedia Commons