|• Also spelled||Bazzariya (official)|
|• Type||Village council|
|• Head of Municipality||Ahmad Hamad|
|Name meaning||The well of seeds or pot-herbs|
Bizzariya (Arabic: بزاريا; also spelled Bazzariya, Bazariyeh or Bizariah) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 13.3 kilometers northwest of Nablus at the northernmost point of the Nablus Governorate. It is situated in a valley, having an altitude of 460 meters above sea level. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Bizzariya had a population of over 2,252 inhabitants in 2007.
Pottery sherds found in Bizzariya indicate that the village was likely established during the Byzantine era in Palestine (mid-3rd to early 7th century). It was a smaller settlement than a nearby site in Bizzariya's jurisdiction called Khirbet Rujman. Most pottery sherds found Bizzariya date back to the medieval period and the village was a casale (estate) during Crusader rule in the 12th century.
Bizzariya, like all of Palestine, was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. About 20% of the pottery sherds found in the village date back to this period. In the 1596 Ottoman tax registers, Bizzariya was listed as an entirely Muslim village called "Barazia", and had a population of 26 families and two bachelors. It was located in the nahiya of Jabal Sami in the liwa of Nablus. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, and goats and/or beehives, in addition to a water mill and occasional revenues, a total of 6,800 akçe.
In 1870 Victor Guérin noted it as a village of about one hundred inhabitants, surrounded by several gardens planted with pomegranate and fig trees. In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Bizzaria as a "small hamlet on high ground, with springs to the east."
British Mandate era
In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bezarieh had a population of 183, all Muslim, increasing in the 1931 census to 217, still all Muslim, in 42 houses.
In 1945 the population was 320, all Muslims, with 4,278 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey. Of this, 357 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,393 were used for cereals, while 52 dunams were built-up land.
Bizzariya is situated on Mount 'Ilan, which has a summit of 588 meters above sea level. The village's average elevation is 450 meters above sea level. The old core of the village consists of two dunams and mostly contains half-ruined houses, with some more modern homes. The nearest localities are Ramin to the south, Burqa to the southeast, Silat ad-Dhahr to the northeast, al-Attara to the north, Kafr Rumman to the northwest and Anabta to the west.
In 1997, Bizzariya had a population of 1,606. Palestinian refugees and their descendants accounted for 7.3% of the population. The village's principal families are Hussein, Salim, Hammad, Naser and 'Odah.
- Palmer, 1881, p. 181
- 2007 PCBS Census Archived December 10, 2010, at the Wayback Machine.. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
- Zertal, 2004, p. 313.
- Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 129
- Guérin, 1875, p. 214
- Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 159
- Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 24
- Mills, 1932, p. 59
- Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 59
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 105
- Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 155
- "Bizzariya Village Profile" (PDF). Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem. 2014.
- "Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status". Archived from the original on 2011-11-14. Retrieved 2008-04-24.. 1997 Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). 1999.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Bizziriya.|
- Barron, J. B., ed. (1923). Palestine: Report and General Abstracts of the Census of 1922. Government of Palestine.
- Conder, Claude Reignier; Kitchener, H. H. (1882). The Survey of Western Palestine: Memoirs of the Topography, Orography, Hydrography, and Archaeology. 2. London: Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Department of Statistics (1945). Village Statistics, April, 1945. Government of Palestine.
- Guérin, Victor (1875). Description Géographique Historique et Archéologique de la Palestine (in French). 2: Samarie, pt. 2. Paris: L'Imprimerie Nationale.
- Hadawi, Sami (1970). Village Statistics of 1945: A Classification of Land and Area ownership in Palestine. Palestine Liberation Organization Research Center.
- Hütteroth, Wolf-Dieter; Abdulfattah, Kamal (1977). Historical Geography of Palestine, Transjordan and Southern Syria in the Late 16th Century. Erlanger Geographische Arbeiten, Sonderband 5. Erlangen, Germany: Vorstand der Fränkischen Geographischen Gesellschaft. ISBN 3-920405-41-2.
- Mills, E., ed. (1932). Census of Palestine 1931. Population of Villages, Towns and Administrative Areas (PDF). Jerusalem: Government of Palestine.
- Palmer, E. H. (1881). The Survey of Western Palestine: Arabic and English Name Lists Collected During the Survey by Lieutenants Conder and Kitchener, R. E. Transliterated and Explained by E.H. Palmer. Committee of the Palestine Exploration Fund.
- Zertal, Adam (2004). The Manasseh Hill Country Survey. 1. Boston: BRILL. ISBN 9004137564.