Bizzariya

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Bizzariya
Other transcription(s)
 • Arabic بزاريا
 • Also spelled Bazzariya (official)
Bizzariya
Bizzariya
Bizzariya is located in the Palestinian territories
Bizzariya
Bizzariya
Location of Bizzariya within the Palestinian Territories
Coordinates: 32°18′27.80″N 35°09′58.49″E / 32.3077222°N 35.1662472°E / 32.3077222; 35.1662472Coordinates: 32°18′27.80″N 35°09′58.49″E / 32.3077222°N 35.1662472°E / 32.3077222; 35.1662472
Governorate Nablus
Government
 • Type Village council
 • Head of Municipality Ahmad Hamad
Population (2007)
 • Jurisdiction 2,252
Name meaning The well of seeds or pot-herbs[1]

Bizzariya (Arabic: بزاريا‎‎; also spelled Bazzariya, Bazariyeh or Bizariah) is a Palestinian village in the northern West Bank, located 13.3 kilometers northwest of Nablus at the northernmost point of the Nablus Governorate. It is situated in a valley, having an altitude of 460 meters above sea level. According to the Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics, Bizzariya had a population of over 2,252 inhabitants in 2007.[2]

History[edit]

Pottery sherds found in Bizzariya indicate that the village was likely established during the Byzantine era in Palestine (mid-3rd to early-7th century). It was a smaller settlement than a nearby site in Bizzariya's jurisdiction called Khirbet Rujman. Most pottery sherds found Bizzariya date back to the medieval period and the village was a casale (estate) during Crusader rule in the 12th century.[3]

Ottoman era[edit]

Bizzariya, like all of Palestine was incorporated into the Ottoman Empire in 1517. About 20% of the pottery sherds found in the village date back to this period. In the 1596 Ottoman tax registers, Bizzariya was listed as an entirely Muslim village called "Barazia", and had a population of 26 families and two bachelors.[3] It was located in the nahiya of Jabal Sami in the liwa of Nablus. The inhabitants paid a fixed tax rate of 33,3% on agricultural products, including wheat, barley, summer crops, olive trees, and goats and/or beehives, in addition to a water mill and occasional revenues, a total of 6,800 akçe.[4]

In 1870 Victor Guérin noted it as a village of about one hundred inhabitants, surrounded by several gardens planted with pomegranate and fig trees.[5] In 1882 the Palestine Exploration Fund's Survey of Western Palestine described Bizzaria as a "small hamlet on high ground, with springs to the east."[6]

British Mandate era[edit]

In the 1922 census of Palestine, conducted by the British Mandate authorities, Bezarieh had a population of 183, all Muslim,[7] increasing in the 1931 census to 217, still all Muslim, in 42 houses.[8]

In 1945 the population was 320, all Muslims,[9] with 4,278 dunams of land, according to an official land and population survey.[10] Of this, 357 dunams were plantations and irrigable land, 1,393 were used for cereals,[11] while 52 dunams were built-up land.[12]

1948-1967[edit]

In the wake of the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, and after the 1949 Armistice Agreements, Bizzariya came under Jordanian rule.

Post-1967[edit]

After the Six-Day War in 1967, Bizzariya has been under Israeli occupation.

Geography[edit]

Bizzariya is situated on Mount 'Ilan, which has a summit of 588 meters above sea level. The village's average elevation is 450 meters above sea level. The old core of the village consists of two dunams and mostly contains half-ruined houses, with some more modern homes.[3] The nearest localities are Ramin to the south, Burqa to the southeast, Silat ad-Dhahr to the northeast, al-Attara to the north, Kafr Rumman to the northwest and Anabta to the west.[13]

Demographics[edit]

In 1997, Bizzariya had a population of 1,606. Palestinian refugees and their descendants accounted for 7.3% of the population.[14] The village's principal families are Hussein, Salim, Hammad, Naser and 'Odah.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Palmer, 1881, p. 181
  2. ^ 2007 PCBS Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics. p.110.
  3. ^ a b c Zertal, 2004, p. 313.
  4. ^ Hütteroth and Abdulfattah, 1977, p. 129
  5. ^ Guérin, 1875, p. 214
  6. ^ Conder and Kitchener, 1882, SWP II, p. 159
  7. ^ Barron, 1923, Table IX, Sub-district of Nablus, p. 24
  8. ^ Mills, 1932, p. 59
  9. ^ Department of Statistics, 1945, p. 18
  10. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 59
  11. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 105
  12. ^ Government of Palestine, Department of Statistics. Village Statistics, April, 1945. Quoted in Hadawi, 1970, p. 155
  13. ^ a b "Bizzariya Village Profile" (PDF). Applied Research Institute-Jerusalem. 2014. 
  14. ^ Palestinian Population by Locality and Refugee Status at the Wayback Machine (archived November 14, 2011). 1997 Census. Palestinian Central Bureau of Statistics (PCBS). 1999.

Bibliography[edit]

External links[edit]