|Born||September 9, 1910|
and Silva compass
Björn Kjellström (9 September 1910 – 26 August 1995), originally from Sweden, was a ski orienteering champion in Sweden and co-founder of the compass manufacturing company Silva Sweden AB. More than 25 million Silva compasses have been sold since the founding of the company.
Kjellström competed in his first orienteering race in Sweden in May 1928 at the age of 17, where he finished last in the beginners' class. However, by fall of the same year he won a district orienteering championship race outside Stockholm. During the years that followed Kjellström and his brothers won many orienteering races, both individually and as a three-man team.
In 1932, working with his two brothers and a machinist, Gunnar Tillander, Kjellström helped perfect a new type of compass for terrestrial navigation, featuring a liquid-damped magnetized needle housing compass and a protractor built into a transparent baseplate.
In 1946, he moved to the United States, where he founded the U.S. operations of the Silva Company (later Silva, Inc.) in La Porte, Indiana. Two years later, he organized Silva Ltd. in Toronto, Canada for sales in Canada. Kjellström also organized Silva Orienteering Services of La Porte Indiana to provide training and company sponsorship for the sport of orienteering in North America.
In 1955, Kjellström published a hugely popular book on outdoor land navigation and the sport of orienteering, Be Expert With Map and Compass. To date, Be Expert With Map and Compass has sold more than 500,000 copies in English and has been translated into several languages, and has remained continuously in print since its first publication.
Kjellström co-founded the United States Orienteering Federation in 1971 and served as vice president of the International Ski Federation from 1951 to 1979. Johnson Worldwide Associates (JWA), later Johnson Outdoors, Inc. bought Silva Inc. in 1973, and production shifted back to Sweden in 1981. As of 1995, the Silva compass was made in more than 50 models.
In later years, Kjellström moved to Pound Ridge, N.Y., where he helped develop trails in a county park and forest reserve called Ward Pound Ridge Reservation and to produce a detailed orienteering map of the area. He continued to be active until his death in promoting the Silva compass and the sport of orienteering, as well as conducting promotional book tours for revised versions of Be Expert With Map and Compass.
Kjellström died 26 August 1995 in a hospital in Stockholm, Sweden due to complications of Parkinson's disease.
After Kjellström's death, the Swedish parent company, Silva of Sweden AB, decided to end its North American distribution agreement with Silva Inc./Silva Ltd. and JWA. After two years of litigation, Silva of Sweden AB and JWA agreed to confirm JWA (Johnson Outdoors) exclusive right to distribute compasses under the Silva name in North America. Since 1998, Johnson Outdoors has distributed Silva compasses in North America made its specifications by third-party manufacturers, while Silva of Sweden AB distributes compasses assembled at its Haninge, Sweden facility to markets outside North America.
- Litsky, Frank, Bjorn Kjellstrom, 84, Orienteer and Inventor of Modern Compass, The New York Times (Obituaries), 1 September 1995
- Kjellström, Björn, 19th Hole: The Readers Take Over: Orienteering, Sports Illustrated, 3 March 1969
- Hodgson, Michael, JWA, Silva Settle Dispute, Outdoor Retailer, 1 October 1998
Information derived from NYTimes obituary