Bjørnevatn

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Bjørnevatn
Village
Bjørnevatn is located in Norway
Bjørnevatn
Bjørnevatn
Location in Norway
Coordinates: 69°40′02″N 29°59′16″E / 69.66722°N 29.98778°E / 69.66722; 29.98778Coordinates: 69°40′02″N 29°59′16″E / 69.66722°N 29.98778°E / 69.66722; 29.98778
Country Norway
Region Northern Norway
County Finnmark
District Øst-Finnmark
Municipality Sør-Varanger
Area[1]
 • Total 1.79 km2 (0.69 sq mi)
Elevation[2] 53 m (174 ft)
Population (2013)[1]
 • Total 2,503
 • Density 1,398/km2 (3,620/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+01:00)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+02:00)
Post Code 9910 Bjørnevatn

Bjørnevatn is a village in Sør-Varanger Municipality in Finnmark county, Norway. The village lies about 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) south of the town of Kirkenes and about 3.8 kilometres (2.4 mi) west of the Norway-Russia border. The village has a couple of suburbs including Hesseng to the north and Sandnes to the west. The 1.79-square-kilometre (440-acre) village has a population (2013) of 2,503, which gives the village a population density of 1,398 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,620/sq mi). The Bjørnevatn IL is the local sports team.[1]

Mine[edit]

The bedrock below Bjørnevatn is located in the East Finnmark mountain formation (Øst-Finnmarks grunnfjellsområde). Iron ore deposits were originally discovered in the area during 1868 with commercial production of iron ore by 1910. The Sydvaranger iron ore mines are located just south of Bjørnevatn. The Kirkenes–Bjørnevatn Line is a short railway line that runs from the mines to the town and port at Kirkenes to the north.[3]

History[edit]

The village used to be located near the shores of the lake Bjørnevatnet, but the lake was drained in 1958 so that the iron ore under the lake could be mined.[4] During the liberation in 1944 at the end of World War II, a large number of people lived inside the mines during the fighting; estimates vary between 1,000 and 3,500.[4] Their story is portrayed in the 1974 film Under a Stone Sky.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Statistisk sentralbyrå (1 January 2013). "Urban settlements. Population and area, by municipality.". 
  2. ^ "Bjørnevatn" (in Norwegian). yr.no. Retrieved 2013-03-14. 
  3. ^ "Øst-Finnmarks grunnfjellsområde – Store norske leksikon". snl.no. Retrieved 2016-08-21. 
  4. ^ a b Store norske leksikon. "Bjørnvatn" (in Norwegian). Retrieved 2013-03-14. 

Other Sources[edit]

  • Henriksen, Gudbrand (1904) On the Iron Ore Deposits in Sydvaranger, Finmarken-Norway (Grøndahl & Søn)

External links[edit]