Bjerkreim

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Bjerkreim kommune
Municipality
View of the Bjerkreim landscape
View of the Bjerkreim landscape
Coat of arms of Bjerkreim kommune
Coat of arms
Official logo of Bjerkreim kommune
Rogaland within
Norway
Bjerkreim within Rogaland
Bjerkreim within Rogaland
Coordinates: 58°39′25″N 06°08′48″E / 58.65694°N 6.14667°E / 58.65694; 6.14667Coordinates: 58°39′25″N 06°08′48″E / 58.65694°N 6.14667°E / 58.65694; 6.14667
Country Norway
County Rogaland
District Dalane
Administrative centre Vikeså
Government
 • Mayor (2015) Torbjørn Ognedal (Sp)
Area
 • Total 650.56 km2 (251.18 sq mi)
 • Land 577.30 km2 (222.90 sq mi)
 • Water 73.26 km2 (28.29 sq mi)
Area rank 170 in Norway
Population (2016)
 • Total 2,825
 • Rank 282 in Norway
 • Density 4.9/km2 (13/sq mi)
 • Change (10 years) 14.1 %
Demonym(s) Bjerkreimsbu[1]
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
ISO 3166 code NO-1114
Official language form Neutral, but the schools and churches use Nynorsk
Website www.bjerkreim.kommune.no
Data from Statistics Norway

Bjerkreim is a municipality in Rogaland county, Norway. It is located in the traditional district of Dalane. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Vikeså. Other villages in the municipality include Bjerkreim and Øvrebygd.

Nature has been generous in giving Bjerkreim many idyllic places, making Bjerkreim a good place to live by living in a countryside environment, but still relatively close to a major city, Stavanger. The two and a half thousand inhabitants in Bjerkreim have a total area of 585 square kilometres (226 sq mi) at their disposal. It includes one of the most important salmon rivers in Norway, Bjerkreimselva. The most important livelihoods are agriculture and small-scale industries.

General information[edit]

Map of Bjerkreim
View of the lake Indra Vinjavatnet

The parish of Birkrem was established as a municipality on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). On 1 January 1965, there were many municipal changes in Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On that date, the Nedre Maudal area of Bjerkreim (population: 40) was transferred to the neighboring municipality of Gjesdal.[2]

Name[edit]

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Bjerkreim farm (Old Norse: Bjarkarheimr), since the first Bjerkreim Church was built there. The first element is the genitive case of bjørk which means "birch" and the last element is heimr which means "homestead" or "farm". Before 1889, the name was written "Birkrem".[3]

Coat-of-arms[edit]

The coat-of-arms is from modern times; they were granted on 11 July 1986. The green and white arms are canting, showing a white (or silver) birch branch on a green background. This was chosen since the name of the municipality is derived from the Norwegian word for birch, bjørk.[4]

Churches[edit]

The Church of Norway has one parish (sokn) within the municipality of Bjerkreim. It is part of the Dalane deanery in the Diocese of Stavanger.

Churches in Bjerkreim
Parish (Sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Bjerkreim Bjerkreim Church Bjerkreim 1835
Ivesdal Chapel Øvrebygd 1876

Government[edit]

All municipalities in Norway, including Bjerkreim, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality has 2 primary schools and 2 kindergartens. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor. A notable local politician is Olaf Gjedrem, mayor from 1979 to 1993 and later a member of the national parliament.

Municipal council[edit]

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Bjerkreim is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to every four years. The executive committee of the council has 5 members, who also make up the authority's planning and economical committee. The mayor of Bjerkreim leads both the council and the executive committee. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[5]

Bjerkreim Kommunestyre 2015–2019
Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
  Labour Party Arbeiderpartiet 2
  Progress Party Framstegspartiet 1
  Conservative Party Høgre 4
  Christian Democratic Party Kristelig Folkeparti 4
  Centre Party Senterpartiet 5
  Liberal Party Venstre 1
Total number of members: 17

Geography[edit]

Bjerkreim municipality lies at the northern end of the hilly, rugged Dalane district, just south of the very flat Jæren district. There are several large lakes in Bjerkreim including Austrumdalsvatnet, Byrkjelandsvatnet, Hofreistæ, and Ørsdalsvatnet.

Weather[edit]

Climate data for Bjerkreim
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Daily mean °C (°F) −0.5
(31.1)
−0.6
(30.9)
1.5
(34.7)
4.5
(40.1)
9.5
(49.1)
13.0
(55.4)
14.2
(57.6)
14.3
(57.7)
11.0
(51.8)
8.0
(46.4)
3.5
(38.3)
0.8
(33.4)
6.6
(43.9)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 180
(7.09)
132
(5.2)
152
(5.98)
87
(3.43)
106
(4.17)
115
(4.53)
136
(5.35)
177
(6.97)
240
(9.45)
270
(10.63)
253
(9.96)
217
(8.54)
2,065
(81.3)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1 mm) 14.8 11.0 13.8 10.9 12.7 11.8 11.6 14.3 17.2 17.7 18.4 15.9 170.1
Source: Norwegian Meteorological Institute[6]

Transportation[edit]

The main means of transportation to Bjerkreim is via the European route E39 highway which passes through the municipality from south to north. The municipality lies in the southwestern part of the country. The distance to the nearest airport, Stavanger airport in Sola, is approximately 40 minutes by car.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved 2015-12-01. 
  2. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå. 
  3. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1915). Norske gaardnavne: Stavanger amt (in Norwegian) (10 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. pp. 47–49. 
  4. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved 2016-06-27. 
  5. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway. 2015. Archived from the original on 2016-03-06. 
  6. ^ "eKlima Web Portal". Norwegian Meteorological Institute. 

External links[edit]