Bjørn Helland-Hansen

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Bjørn Helland-Hansen
Bjørn Helland-Hansen
Born (1877-10-16)October 16, 1877
Christiania (now Oslo)
Died September 7, 1957(1957-09-07) (aged 79)
Residence Norway
Citizenship Norwegian
Nationality Norwegian
Fields oceanography
Institutions Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen
Known for Atlantic Ocean
"Helland-Hansen Photometer
Notable awards Alexander Agassiz Medal (1933)
Vega Medal (1941)
Children Eigil Helland-Hansen

Bjørn Helland-Hansen (16 October 1877 – 7 September 1957) was a Norwegian pioneer in the field of modern oceanography. He studied the variation patterns of the weather in the northern Atlantic Ocean and of the atmosphere. [1]

He studied both medicine and physics at the University of Christiania (now University of Oslo). He developed the "Helland-Hansen Photometer" in 1910, which was carried on board Michael Sars. It was operated for the first time close to the Azores at a depth between 500 and m. In 1915 he became Professor of oceanography at the Bergen Museum, and in 1917 director of the Geophysical Institute, University of Bergen.[2]

In 1933 he was awarded the Alexander Agassiz Medal. In 1939 he became President of the International Geodesic and Geophysical Union. He was a member of the Prussian Academy of Sciences and a member of the Member of the Academy of Sciences of the German Democratic Republic (DDR).

Helland-Hansen trained Alexander Kuchin, the Russian oceanographer who went to Antarctica with Roald Amundsen. An island in the Russian Arctic, east of the Geiberg Islands, has been named Gellanda-Gansena after Helland-Hansen.

Bjørn Helland-Hansen (ca 1917)


  1. ^ Knut Barthel. "Bjørn Helland-Hansen". Store norske leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 
  2. ^ Herman G. Gade. "Bjørn Helland-Hansen". Norsk biografisk leksikon. Retrieved January 1, 2017. 

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