Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly

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Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly (often simply Black, Manafort) was a lobbying firm based in Washington, D.C.. Formed in 1980, it merged with Martin B. Gold's Gold & Liebengood to form BKSH & Associates in 1996.


The firm was one of the first political consulting firms to work for Ronald Reagan's presidential candidacy in 1980,[1] and would later also have extensive connections to the presidential administrations of George H. W. Bush and Bill Clinton.[2]

The firm has represented, and lobbied the US Congress on behalf of, numerous foreign governments and heads of state from both representative democracies and unelected dictatorships including Mohamed Siad Barre of Somalia, dictator Ferdinand Marcos of the Philippines,[3][4] dictator Mobutu Sese Seko of Zaire,[5] and Jonas Savimbi of Angola. During the 1988 presidential campaign in the United States, it was disclosed that Black, Manafort retained the island nation of the Bahamas as a client at a time its leadership was being attacked for alleged ties to drug traffickers. BMSK officials insisted that they intended only to help the Bahamas obtain more United States aid for efforts to curb drug smugglers.[1]

Domestically the firm has represented Bethlehem Steel and Tobacco Institute, helped elect Senators Phil Gramm, Jesse Helms, Charles McCurdy Mathias Jr., Arlen Specter, Paula Hawkins and David F. Durenberger - and worked on legislation that benefitted the firm's clients.[citation needed]




  • Lee Atwater became a senior partner the day after President Reagan defeated Walter F. Mondale in 1984.[6]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b A Political Power Broker, New York Times, June 21, 1989
  2. ^ Steve Burkholder (1993). "On the town with Jonas Savimbi - huge U.S. lobbying expenditures by Angola". Common Cause Magazine. Retrieved 2007-11-11. 
  3. ^ "Paul Manafort’s Wild and Lucrative Philippine Adventure". Politico. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  4. ^ "Black, Manafort, Stone and Kelly, Public Affairs Company document for U.S. Department of Justice" (PDF). U.S. Foreign Agents Registration Act website ( Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  5. ^ "Mobutu in Search of an Image Boost". Washington Post. Retrieved August 15, 2016. 
  6. ^ Partners in Political PR Firm Typify Republican New Breed, Thomas B. Edsall, April 7, 1985

External links[edit]