|Range of M. varia Breeding range Wintering range|
The black-and-white warbler (Mniotilta varia) is a species of New World warbler, the only member of its genus, Mniotilta. The genus name is from Ancient Greek mnion, "seaweed", and tillo, "to pluck"; Vieillot mistranslated the first word as "moss". The specific varia is from Latin varius, "variegated".
It breeds in northern and eastern North America from the Northwest Territory and Newfoundland and Labrador, Canada to Florida. This species is migratory, wintering in Florida, Central America and the West Indies down to Peru. This species is a very rare vagrant to western Europe.
This species is 14 cm (6 in) long and weighs 11 g (0.39 oz). The summer male black-and-white warbler is boldly streaked in black and white, and the bird has been described as a flying humbug. There are two white wing bars. Female and juvenile plumages are similar, but duller and less streaked.
The breeding habitat is broadleaved or mixed woodland, preferably in wetter areas. Black-and-white warblers nest on the ground, laying 4–5 eggs in a cup nest.
- BirdLife International (2012). "Mniotilta varia". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
- Curson, Jon; Quinn, David; Beadle, David (1994). New World Warblers. London: Christopher Helm. pp. 158–159. ISBN 0-7136-3932-6.
- Jobling, James A. (2010). The Helm Dictionary of Scientific Bird Names. London, United Kingdom: Christopher Helm. pp. 257, 398. ISBN 978-1-4081-2501-4.
- Sibley, David Allen (2000). The Sibley Guide to Birds. New York: Alfred A. Knopf. p. 446. ISBN 978-0-679-45122-8.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Black-and-white warbler.|
|Wikispecies has information related to: Mniotilta varia|
- Black-and-white warbler – Mniotilta varia – USGS Patuxent Bird Identification InfoCenter
- Black-and-white warbler Species Account – Cornell Lab of Ornithology
- Stamps at bird-stamps.org
- Black-and-white warbler Bird Sound at Florida Museum of Natural History
- "Black-and-white warbler media". Internet Bird Collection.
- Black-and-white warbler photo gallery at VIREO (Drexel University)