Black-crested bulbul

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Black-crested Bulbul)
Jump to: navigation, search
Black-crested bulbul
Black-crested Bulbul Pycnonotus flaviventris, Jayanti, Duars, WB W Picture 333.jpg
Buxa Tiger Reserve in West Bengal, India.
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Pycnonotidae
Genus: Pycnonotus
Species: P. flaviventris
Binomial name
Pycnonotus flaviventris
(Tickell, 1833)
Synonyms
  • Vanga Flaviventris
Kaeng Krachan Nat’l Park - Thailand

The black-crested bulbul (Pycnonotus flaviventris) is a member of the bulbul family of passerine birds. It is found from the Indian subcontinent to southeast Asia.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The black-crested bulbul was originally described in the genus Vanga. Until 2008, the black-crested bulbul was considered as conspecific with the black-capped, ruby-throated, flame-throated and Bornean bulbuls.[2]

Subspecies[edit]

Eight subspecies are recognized:[3]

  • Black-crested yellow bulbul (P. f. flaviventris) - (Tickell, 1833): Found from Nepal, northern and eastern India to southern China and central Myanmar
  • P. f. vantynei - Deignan, 1948: Found from eastern and southern Myanmar to southern China and northern Indochina
  • P. f. xanthops - Deignan, 1948: Found in south-eastern Myanmar and western Thailand
  • P. f. auratus - Deignan, 1948: Found in north-eastern Thailand and western Laos
  • P. f. johnsoni - (Gyldenstolpe, 1913): Originally described as a separate species. Found in central and south-eastern Thailand, southern Indochina
  • P. f. elbeli - Deignan, 1954: Found on islands off south-eastern Thailand
  • P. f. negatus - Deignan, 1954: Found in southern Myanmar and south-western Thailand
  • P. f. caecilii - Deignan, 1948: Found on the northern Malay Peninsula

Description[edit]

The black-crested bulbul is generally about 19 cm in length. As the name suggests, the head of this bulbul is black while the rest of its body is different shades of yellow. Both the male and female are similar in plumage. One can make out a younger bird by its slightly duller coloring.

Distribution and habitat[edit]

This is a bird of forest and dense scrub.

Behaviour and ecology[edit]

It builds its nest in a bush; two to four eggs is a typical clutch. The black-crested bulbul feeds on fruit and insects.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2016). "Pycnonotus flaviventris". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2016.3. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 10 March 2017. 
  2. ^ "Species Version 1 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-11. 
  3. ^ "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-12. 
  • Birds of India by Grimmett, Inskipp and Inskipp, ISBN 0-691-04910-6
  • Rasmussen, P.C., and J.C. Anderton (2005). Birds of South Asia. The Ripley Guide. Volume 2: Attributes and Status. Smithsonian Institution and Lynx Edicions, Washington D.C. and Barcelona.