The black-headed bulbul (Pycnonotus atriceps) is a member of the bulbul family, Pycnonotidae. It is found in forests in south-eastern Asia.
Taxonomy and systematics
- P. a. atriceps - (Temminck, 1822): Found in north-eastern India and Bangladesh though Southeast Asia to the Greater Sunda Islands and western Philippines
- P. a. hyperemnus - (Oberholser, 1912): Found on western Sumatran islands
- P. a. baweanus - (Finsch, 1901): Originally described as a separate species. Found on Bawean (north of Java)
- P. a. hodiernus - (Bangs & Peters, JL, 1927): Originally described as a separate species. Found on Maratua Island (off eastern Borneo)
The black-headed bulbul has a mainly olive-yellow plumage with a glossy bluish-black head. A grey morph where most of the olive-yellow is replaced by grey also exists. It resembles the black-crested bulbul, but has blue eyes (though not reliable in juveniles), a broad yellow tip to the tail, and never shows a crest (however, some subspecies of the black-crested are also essentially crestless, but they have red or yellow throats).
Behavior and ecology
The black-headed bulbul mainly feeds on small fruit and berries, but will also take insects. It commonly occurs in small flocks, comprising 6-8 individuals.
- BirdLife International (2016). "Brachypodius atriceps". The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. IUCN. 2016: e.T103836079A94339713. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2016-3.RLTS.T103836079A94339713.en. Retrieved 13 January 2018.
- "Species Version 1 « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
- "Bulbuls « IOC World Bird List". www.worldbirdnames.org. Retrieved 2017-03-12.
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