Black-necked aracari

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Black-necked aracari
Black-necked aracari.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Piciformes
Family: Ramphastidae
Genus: Pteroglossus
Species: P. aracari
Binomial name
Pteroglossus aracari
(Linnaeus, 1758)
Subspecies

See text

Synonyms
  • Pteroglossus formosus
  • Ramphastos Aracari

The black-necked aracari (US: /ˌɑːrəˈsɑːri/ AHR-ə-SAHR-ee,[2] UK: /ˌɑːrəˈsɑːri/ ARR-ə-SAHR-ee or /ˌɑːrəˈkɑːri/ ARR-ə-KAHR-ee),[3] or black-necked araçari (Pteroglossus aracari), is a species of bird in the toucan family. It is found in Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, and Venezuela.

Taxonomy and systematics[edit]

The black-necked aracari was originally classified in the genus Ramphastos. Alternate names include beautiful araçari and Maximilian's aracari.

Subspecies[edit]

Three subspecies are recognized:[4]

  • P. a. atricollis - (Statius Müller, PL, 1776): Originally described as a separate species. Found in eastern Venezuela, the Guianas and northern Brazil
  • P. a. aracari - (Linnaeus, 1758): Found in north-eastern, eastern and south-eastern Brazil
  • P. a. wiedii - Sturm, JHCF & Sturm, JW, 1847: Originally described as a separate species in the genus Pteroglossus. Found in south-eastern Brazil

Description[edit]

The black-necked aracari measures 35–45 cm (14–18 in) long and weighs 177-309 grams (6-10.9 oz.)[5] It is a typical but thickset aracari with a single red band across its otherwise yellow chest. Its upper mandible is pale yellow while the lower mandible is black.

Habitat[edit]

Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical moist lowland forests and heavily degraded former forest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Pteroglossus aracari". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013. 
  2. ^ "Aracari". Dictionary.com Unabridged. Random House, Inc.). Retrieved 2012-04-20. 
  3. ^ "Definition for aracari". Oxford Dictionaries Online. Archived from the original on 23 July 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-20. 
  4. ^ "IOC World Bird List 6.4". IOC World Bird List Datasets. doi:10.14344/ioc.ml.6.4. 
  5. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 19 August 2007. Retrieved 2007-08-19.