Black-backed cisticola

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Black-backed cisticola
Black-backed Cisticola female JM2.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Passeriformes
Family: Cisticolidae
Genus: Cisticola
Species:
C. eximius
Binomial name
Cisticola eximius
(Heuglin, 1869)

The black-backed cisticola or black-necked cisticola (Cisticola eximius) is a species of passerine bird in the Cisticolidae family. It is found in Burkina Faso, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Ivory Coast, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Kenya, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, South Sudan, Tanzania, Togo, and Uganda. Its natural habitats are subtropical or tropical dry lowland grassland and subtropical or tropical seasonally wet or flooded lowland grassland.

Taxonomy[edit]

The black-backed cisticola was described by the German explorer and ornithologist Theodor von Heuglin in 1869 from a specimen collected near the Bahr el Ghazal River in South Sudan. He coined the binomial name Drymoeca eximia.[2] The specific epithet eximius is the Latin for "select" or "distinguished".[3] The species is now placed in the genus Cisticola which was erected by the German naturalist Johann Jakob Kaup in 1829.[4]

Three subspecies are recognised:[5]

  • C. e. occidens Lynes, 1930 – south Senegal to Nigeria
  • C. e. winneba Lynes, 1931 – south Ghana
  • C. e. eximius (Heuglin, 1869) – Congo and Central African Republic to Eritrea, Ethiopia, west Kenya and north Tanzania

References[edit]

  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Cisticola eximius". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.2. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 November 2013.
  2. ^ Heuglin, M. Theodor von (1869). "The Malurinae of north-eastern Africa". Ibis. Series 2. 5: 79-107 [106-107 and Fig. 1].
  3. ^ Jobling, J.A. (2019). del Hoyo, J.; Elliott, A.; Sargatal, J.; Christie, D.A.; de Juana, E., eds. "Key to Scientific Names in Ornithology". Handbook of the Birds of the World Alive. Lynx Edicions. Retrieved 8 January 2019.
  4. ^ Kaup, Johann Jakob (1829). Skizzirte Entwickelungs-Geschichte und natürliches System der europäischen Thierwelt (in German). Darmstadt: Carl Wilhelm Leske. p. 119.
  5. ^ Gill, Frank; Donsker, David, eds. (2019). "Grassbirds, Donacobius, Malagasy warblers, cisticolas & allies". World Bird List Version 8.2. International Ornithologists' Union. Retrieved 7 January 2019.