Black-throated monitor

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Black-throated monitor
Scientific classification Edit this classification
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Reptilia
Order: Squamata
Family: Varanidae
Genus: Varanus
V. a. microstictus
Trinomial name
Varanus albigularis microstictus
Boettger, 1893
  • Varanus microstictus
    Boettger, 1893
  • Varanus exanthematicus microstictus
    Mertens, 1942
  • Varanus exanthematicus ionidesi
    Laurent, 1964
  • Varanus albigularis microstictus
    Böhme, 1988
  • Varanus albigularis ionidesi
    — Böhme, 1988
  • Varanus albigularis microstictus
    Phillips in Pianka, D. King & R. King, 2004

The black-throated monitor (Varanus albigularis microstictus) is a subspecies of monitor lizard in the family Varanidae. The subspecies is native to Tanzania.[2]


Varanus albigularis microstictus is usually a dark gray-brown with yellowish or white markings, and can reach up to 7 feet (2.1 m) in total length (including tail) and weigh more than 60 pounds (27 kg). It is the largest of the four subspecies of the rock monitor, V. albigularis.[2]


The generic name, Varanus, is derived from the Arabic word waral ورل, which is translated to English as "warn" or "warning."

The specific name, albigularis, comes from a compound of two Latin words: albus meaning "white" and gula meaning "throat".

The subspecific synonym, ionidesi, is in honor of Constantine John Philip Ionides (1901-1968), called the "Snake Man of British East Africa".[3]


In captivity V. a. microstictus feeds mainly on whole prey, such as mice, rats, snakes, lizards, freshwater mollusks, small birds, large roaches, crustaceans, fish, and eggs. It will commonly accept cat and dog food, which is not acceptable as a staple diet due to an improper nutrient profile and high caloric content. In the wild, it will eat anything it can catch.[2]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Varanus albigularis ". The Reptile Database.
  2. ^ a b c "Black Throated Monitor". Twycross Zoo. Archived from the original on 22 December 2011. Retrieved 5 March 2012.
  3. ^ Beolens, Bo; Watkins, Michael; Grayson, Michael (2011). The Eponym Dictionary of Reptiles. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins University Press. xiii + 296 pp. ISBN 978-1-4214-0135-5. (Varanus albigularis ionidesi, p. 130).

Further reading[edit]

  • Boettger O (1893). Katalog der Reptilien-Sammlung im Museum der Senckenbergischen Naturforschenden Gesellschaft in Frankfurt am Main. I. Teil (Rhynchocephalen, Schildkröten, Krokodile, Eidechsen, Chamäleons. Frankfurt am Main: Gebrüder Knauer. x + 140 pp. (Varanus microstictus, new species, p. 72). (in German).
  • Laurent RF (1964). "A New Subspecies of Varanus exanthematicus (Sauria, Varanidae)". Breviora (199): 1–5. (Varanus exanthematicus ionidesi, new subspecies).
  • Phillips, John ("Andy") (2004). "Varanus albigularis ". pp. 91–94. In: Pianka, Eric R.; King, Dennis R.; King, Ruth Allen (editors) (2004). Varanoid Lizards of the World. Bloomington and Indianapolis: Indiana University Press. xiii + 588 pp. ISBN 0-253-34366-6.