Black Apollo of Science

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Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just
Black Apollo of Science.jpg
AuthorKenneth R. Manning
CountryUnited States
PublisherOxford University Press
Publication date
Media typePrint (Hardcover)

Black Apollo of Science: The Life of Ernest Everett Just is a biography of African-American biologist Ernest Everett Just, written in 1983 by Kenneth R. Manning. Just (1883-1941) was a pioneering African American biologist and educator. The book, which was published by Oxford University Press, provided an in-depth study of Just's research and discoveries within fertilization, early embryonic development, and the properties of the cell surface, and it also detailed the difficult social environment facing African American scientists within U.S. academia during the first part of the 20th century.[1]

Manning, a professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, received the 1983 Pfizer Award for the book, which was also a finalist for the 1984 Pulitzer Prize for Biography or Autobiography.[2][3] The book was also cited by The New York Times as one of its notable books of the year 1984.[4]


  1. ^ Jane Maineschein (December 1983). "Struggles of a Biologist: Black Apollo of Science". Science. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  2. ^ "Pulitzer for Fiction Won by Author of 'Ironweed'". The Spokesman-Review. April 16, 1984. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  3. ^ Garland E. Allen (November 1998). "Life Sciences in the Twentieth Century". History of Science Society. Archived from the original on 2009-04-03. Retrieved 2009-10-16.
  4. ^ "Notable Books of the Year". The New York Times. December 2, 1984. Retrieved 2009-10-16.